The war of the roses
Download
1 / 22

The War of the Roses - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 349 Views
  • Uploaded on

The War of the Roses. Myth and Reality of the most epic period in English History. Main Characters. Two parties : the Party of Lancaster (red rose) the Party of York (white rose). Lancaster. Henry VI (1421-1471) Reign : 1422-1461 and 1470-1471 Marguerite d'Anjou, his wife

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The War of the Roses' - Anita


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
The war of the roses

The War of the Roses

Myth and Reality of the most epic period in English History


Main characters
Main Characters

Two parties :

  • the Party of Lancaster (red rose)

  • the Party of York (white rose)


Lancaster
Lancaster

  • Henry VI (1421-1471)

    Reign : 1422-1461 and 1470-1471

  • Marguerite d'Anjou, his wife

  • Edward, Prince of Wales, his son


Lancaster tudor
Lancaster-Tudor

  • Henry, Earl of Richmond (1455-1509) becomes Henry VII Tudor

    Reign : 1485-1509



York

  • Edward IV (1442-1483)

    Reign : 1461-1470 and 1471-1483

  • His father, Edward Duke of York (+1461)


York

  • His sons :

    Edward V (1470-1483) Richard of York

  • George, Duke of Clarence (+1478)


York

  • Richard of Gloucester (1452-1485), becomes Richard III

    Reign : 1483-1485



Lords
Lords

  • Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick (+1471)

    "the King Maker"

  • His brothers : George, archbishop of York

    John, Lord Montagu (+1471)


Lords1
Lords

  • Duke of Buckingham (+1483)

  • William, Lord Hastings (+1483)


Main events
Main Events

First period : troubles

Henry VI weak, Sommerset and Suffolk plunder the state funds--> Lancastrians unpopular

1449

  • English lose Normandy

    1450

  • defeated soldiers

  • numerous agitators (Jack Cade ...)-->anarchy

  • French corsairs


  • death of Suffolk

    1453

  • End of the 100 year war

  • Henry VI becomes mad

  • Birth of his son, Duke of York no more the heir

  • Duke of York protector of the Kingdom

    Christmas 1454

  • Henry VI recovers his mind

  • Queen Marguerite and Sommerset at power


Second period : first struggle for the power

1455

  • battle of St Albans

    --> Duke of York and Warwick capture the King

    1456

  • Queen Marguerite gets back her husband

    Each party raises troops

    1456-57

  • civil riots

    1459

  • Marguerite attacks

    Several battles --> Yorkist leaders leave the country


1460

  • Yorkist leaders come back

  • King captured at the battle of Northampton

  • Duke of York becomes Heir of the Crown

  • Marguerite still fights

  • Duke of York and his oldest son, Edmond, killed at the Battle of Wakefield

    1461

  • Marguerite gets back her husband at the battle of St Albans

  • Warwick and Edward take London and Edward becomes King (4th Mars)


Third period : Reign of Edward IV (1461-1470)

1461

  • Towton battle : the biggest of the war and the final one

    1461-1463

  • guerilla warfare in Wales and extreme north

    1463

  • Marguerite flies in France

    1464

  • Death of the last Lancastrians leaders at the battles of Hedgeley Moor and Hexham


1465

  • King Henry VI captured

    1461-1469

  • Rise of the power of the Neville family

    George Archbishop of York and chancellor

    John, Marquis of Montagu, reigns over the north

    Warwick rules the army and the foreign office

  • Edward tries to resist

    1469

  • Edward captured by the Nevilles and his brother George of Clarence


Fourth period : new anarchy

1469

  • Riots in London and in the whole country

  • Lancastrian uprising at the Scottisch border

  • Help of Edward necessary --> more power

    1470

  • Conspiracy of Clarence and Warwick

    fails (battle of Lose-Coat Field)

    Clarence and Warwick flee in France

  • Clarence, Warwick and Marguerite ally

  • The alliance takes the power --> Henry VI King


1471

  • Edward comes back with a small army

  • Edward takes York

  • Several battles in favour of Edward

  • George Neville betrays the Lancastrians and gives up London and Henry VI to Edward

  • Battle of Barnet : Warwick and John killed

  • Final battle of Tewkesbury :

    Marguerite captured

    Her son is killed


Fifth period : Reign of Edward IV (1471-1483)

  • Happy period of peace and reconstruction

  • Governs with the help of his faithful and clever brother Richard

  • Dies unexpectedly of illness


Sixth period : Reign of Richard III

  • Richard of Gloucester becomes king with the help of the Duke of Buckingham in place of his nephew and despite the opposition of Hasting

  • He kills his nephews

  • He crashes Buckingham uprising

  • He is killed by Henry, Earl of Richmond, at the battle of Bosworth

  • Henry becomes Henry VII

    FOUNDS THE TUDOR DYNASTY


ad