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Safe Forklift Operations. Dustin Flavell Sierra Foothill Research & Extension Center. Training Session Overview. Terminology Overview Safety Video Operating Rules for Industrial Trucks Load Capacity Requirements Pre-shift Inspection Unusual Features of Forklift Operation.

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Safe Forklift Operations

Dustin Flavell

Sierra Foothill Research & Extension Center


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Training Session Overview

  • Terminology Overview

  • Safety Video

  • Operating Rules for Industrial Trucks

  • Load Capacity Requirements

  • Pre-shift Inspection

  • Unusual Features of Forklift Operation




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Operating Rules – Industrial Trucks

5. Keep clear of forklift mast uprights and all other parts where shear and crushing hazards exist


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Operating Rules – Industrial Trucks

6. Do not stand, pass or work under the elevated

portion of a forklift


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Operating Rules – Industrial Trucks

7. Forklift must be check at least once before use each day


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Operating Rules – Industrial Trucks

8. Forklifts with fuel system leaks may not be operated

9. Forklifts must maintain a safe speed & distance from other vehicles

10. Do not pass other lifts at dangerous locations

11. Drivers must slow down & sound horn at dangerous locations


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Operating Rules – Industrial Trucks

  • Be sure all people are clear before moving a forklift in any direction

  • Do not drive towards people standing around fixed objects


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Operating Rules – Industrial Trucks

  • Ascend & Descend grades slowly

  • Forks shall be carried as low as possible


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Operating Rules – Industrial Trucks

  • When leaving a forklift unattended:

    • Shut the power off

    • Set the parking brake

    • Mast must be down in the vertical position

    • Wheels blocked if on an incline



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Operating Rules – Industrial Trucks

24. One tire width minimum distance from the edge of any elevated dock or platform


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Operating Rules – Industrial Trucks

  • Do not load forklifts in excess of their rated capacity.

  • A loaded forklift may not be moved until the load is safe and secure

  • Use extreme care when tilting loads

    31. If loads are lifted by two or more forklifts working in unison the load shall not exceed the combined rated lifting capacity of all trucks involved


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Rules covered in video

  • Only trained personnel may operate a forklift

  • Stunt driving & horseplay is prohibited

  • No riders on forklifts

  • Riding is not allowed on the forks of a forklift

  • ,7,11,13,17,20,21,22(18,19,23,25,30,31 – N/A)


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Unusual Features Forklift Operations

  • Rear Steering

  • Wide swing of rear of forklift when turning

  • Potential for tipping over

  • Potential for loss of load off forks during operation

  • Positioning of load

  • Reduction in rated capacity

  • Operating in reverse


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Operating Rules for Elevating People

  • Only use a securely attached safety platform

  • Be sure the lift mechanism is working smoothly

  • Never tilt the mast forward or backward

  • Place forklift in neutral with parking brake set

  • Watch for overhead obstructions

  • Keep hands clear of controls when not in use

  • Never travel with personnel on the safety platform