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Research contributions to intermodal bridging and new rail freight services between Nordic Countries and Central Europe Round table discussion seminar Baltic Sea region transport Vilnius, May 9 2008 Jardar Andersen Institute of Transport Economics, Norway Outline

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Research contributions to intermodal bridging and new rail freight services between Nordic Countries and Central Europe

Round table discussion seminar

Baltic Sea region transport

Vilnius, May 9 2008

Jardar Andersen

Institute of Transport Economics, Norway

© Institute of Transport Economics

outline
Outline
  • Institute of Transport Economics
  • Former projects: concepts/results
    • Polcorridor
    • REORIENT
  • Cooperation industry-research
    • RETRACK
    • RAILRIDE
  • Concluding remarks

© Institute of Transport Economics

institute of transport economics toi
Institute of Transport Economics (TOI)
  • Norwegian centre for transport research
  • Private, independent foundation, 60-70 researchers
  • Multidisciplinary, all aspects of transport
  • High activity on EU-funded research
  • Large projects within international logistics

© Institute of Transport Economics

the polcorridor project 2002 2006
The Polcorridor project (2002-2006)
  • “Create a new freight transport corridor that will link the Nordic region with South-Eastern Europe”
  • Part of EUREKA LOGCHAIN
  • Coordinated by TOI, partners from Sweden, Finland, Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic and Italy
  • Researchers, train and ferry operators, ports…

NORTHERN FEEDER NETWORK

GDYNIA

GDANSK

SWINOUJSCIE

SZCZECIN

HUBS

VIENNA

SOUTHERN FEEDER NETWORK

© Institute of Transport Economics

polcorridor results
Polcorridor: Results
  • Original idea
    • Explore and define attractive concept (market assessment, technical/operational feasibility, economic/financial feasibility)
    • Communicate to stakeholders
    • Run piloting programme
  • Changed to a feasibility study
    • Cooperation problems between companies
    • “Too early”
  • Important follow-ups
    • Business-to-business after the project ended
    • New research for EU

© Institute of Transport Economics

reorient implementing change in the european railway system
REORIENT: Implementing change in the European Railway System
  • EU 6FP project – 6 Mill €, 2005-2007
  • 7 partners, 11 subcontractors
  • Assess progress in implementation of new EU rail legislation & impact from legislation on market behaviour
  • EUs first infrastructure package
    • Access rights for international freight services
    • Separation of accounts for passenger and freight operations
    • Separation of transport operations from infrastructure management

© Institute of Transport Economics

reorient corridor and hinterland countries
REORIENT Corridor and Hinterland Countries
  • North:
  • Sweden, Norway
  • and FinlandCentral:
  • Poland
  • Czech Republic
  • Slovakia
  • Austria
  • Hungary
  • South:
  • Bulgaria
  • Romania
  • Slovenia
  • Italy
  • Croatia
  • Bosnia/Herzegovina
  • Serbia/Montenegro
  • Macedonia
  • Albania
  • Greece
  • Turkey

© Institute of Transport Economics

reorient

Differences between countries in implementation of EU directives

REORIENT

Implementation conditions and barriers

Economic and social benefits

Barriers to seamless flow

Environmental issues

Business model alternatives

Market assessment

Relation between deregulation and market dynamics

Assessment criteria for investors

Countermeasures to overcome barriers

Social support for rail freight

Service quality requirements and gaps between expected and delivered quality

© Institute of Transport Economics

barriers to seamless freight flow
Barriers to seamless freight flow
  • Manifestations of barriers primarily operational, but barriers often rooted in administrative or political factors

Market

  • Quasi-monopolies of incumbents
  • Incomplete access to terminal resources

Organisational

  • Limitations of current business models
  • Border agreements for incumbents only

Technical

  • Lack of technical interoperability
  • Transfer point problems dominate

© Institute of Transport Economics

barriers and remedies for different stakeholders
Barriers and remedies for different stakeholders

© Institute of Transport Economics

demand analyses for rail and road based freight supply solutions in 12 european countries
Demand analyses for rail and road-based freight supply solutions in 12 European countries

THE RAIL ROUTES ANDTEN-T CORRIDORS

THE TRUCK ROUTES

© Institute of Transport Economics

importance satisfaction gaps for high importance quality factors
Importance-satisfaction gapsfor high-importance quality factors

Truck shipments

Rail shipments

© Institute of Transport Economics

rail truck comparison
Rail – Truck comparison

Underperforming rail service elements

Satisfactory rail service elements

  • Origin-destination transit time
  • Availability of tracing/tracking services
  • Information promptness on cargo under shipment and after arrival
  • Reliability of service
  • Environmental friendliness
  • Frequency of service
  • Equipment free on time for loading/unloading
  • Suitability of Load Carrying Units for commodity carried

© Institute of Transport Economics

rail expansion into road freight market
Rail Expansion into Road Freight Market

Expansion to road market requires that rail undertakings:

  • Possess good knowledge of service qualities required by shippers of truck-only high-value cargo
  • Have flatcars for transfer of inter-modal load carrying units, i.e., containers, swap-bodies and semi-trailers
  • Possess cash for in-house financing of capacity expansion orattract financial investors by offering higher yields from deregulated rail business than other sectors do.

All needed in concert and accompanied by good timing

© Institute of Transport Economics

retrack 2007 2011
RETRACK (2007-2011)

© Institute of Transport Economics

railride proposed this week
RAILRIDE (proposed this week)

© Institute of Transport Economics

concluding remarks
Concluding remarks
  • Polcorridor: research-initiated assessment – problems with cooperation between rail companies
  • A potential identified – several interested businesses
  • In-depth rail assessment in REORIENT
  • Support for actual operations in RETRACK and RAILRIDE

 Fruitful cooperation between researchers and industrial partners

© Institute of Transport Economics

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Thank you for your attention!

jan@toi.no

Tel +47 22 57 38 40

www.toi.no

© Institute of Transport Economics