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Primary and Secondary Prevention Strategies for School-Based Conflict Management and Violence Prevention. Carl E. Paternite, Ph.D. Center for School-Based Mental Health Programs Department of Psychology Miami University (Ohio) http://www.units.muohio.edu/csbmhp Therese C. Johnston, Ph.D.
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Primary and Secondary Prevention Strategies for School-Based Conflict Management and Violence Prevention
Carl E. Paternite, Ph.D.
Center for School-Based Mental Health Programs
Department of Psychology
Miami University (Ohio)
Therese C. Johnston, Ph.D.
Positive Education Program (PEP)
Presentation at the All Ohio Counselors Conference, Columbus, OH
November 8th, 2002
barriers to student learning.
implement conflict management & violence prevention programs.
behavioral barriers to student learning.
To help Ohio’s school districts, community-based agencies, and families work together to achieve improved educational and developmental outcomes for all children — especially those at emotional or behavioral risk and those with mental health problems, including pupils participating in alternative education programs.
Action Agenda (continued)
CONTINUUM OF SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY PROGRAMS AND SERVICES
(From Adelman & Taylor, http://smhp.psych.ucla.edu)
problem there is a
simple solution that
(From Shapiro, 1999,Applewood Centers, Inc., Cleveland, OH)
Some of What We Know AboutYouth Violence PreventionFrom the Surgeon General (2001), U.S. Secret Service (2000),CDC (2002), Mulvey & Cauffman (2001)
Example of a Heuristic
training, MST, functional FT)
Approximately 100,000 6th-12th graders.
Definition of violence—three or more acts of fighting, hitting, injuring a person, carrying a weapon, or threatening physical harm in the past 12 months.
****DEFINING FEATURE OF PBS****
Promoting Nonviolence: An Example of a Promising Violence Prevention Program
I. Violence-Risk Education
II. Anger Management
Workin’ IT Out:
solutions, proposing alternatives when
disagreements persist, and learning to
Carnegie Council on Adolescent Development’s Task Force on Education of Young Adolescents (1989). Turning points: Preparing American youth for the 21st century. Washington, DC: Author.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Surveillance summaries, June 28, 2002. MMWR 2002:51 (No. SS-4). (www.cdc.gov/yrbss)
Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence, Institute of Behavioral Science. (1999). Blueprints for violence prevention. University of Colorado at Boulder: Author.
Deutsch, M. (1993). Educating for a peaceful world. American Psychologist, 48, 510-517.
Garbarino, J. (1999). Lost boys: Why our sons turn violent and how we can save them. New York: Anchor Books.
Miedzian, M. (1991). Boys will be boys: Breaking the link between masculinity and violence. New York: Anchor Books.
Mulvey, E.P. & Cauffman, E. (2001). The inherent limits of predicting school violence. American Psychologist, 56, 797-802.
O'Neil, R. E., Horner, R. H., Albin, R. W., Storey, K., Sprague, J. R., & Newton, J. S. (1997). Functional assessment and program development for problem behavior: A practical handbook. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
PBS Website: www.pbis.org
Rones, M. & Hoagwood, K. (2000). School-based mental health services: A research review. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 3, 223-241.
Search Institute: www.search-institute.org
Shapiro, J. The Peacemakers Program: Effective violence prevention for students in grades four through eight. Presented as part of a pre-conference session on innovative school-based approaches to address violence in youth, at the 4th National Conference on Advancing School-Based Mental Health Programs, Denver, September 16-18, 1999. (contact through Applewood Centers, Inc., Cleveland, OH).
Special Section on Urban Issues- Part 1 (2002). Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 4(4), 195-218.
Special Series on Positive Behavior Support in Schools (2002). Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders,10(3).
Sugai, G., Lewis-Palmer, T., & Hagan, S. (1998). Using functional assessments to develop behavior support plans. Preventing School Failure, 43(1), 6-13.
UCLA Center for Mental Health in Schools: http://smhp.psych.ucla.edu
University of Maryland at Baltimore Center for School Mental Health Assistance: http://csmha.umaryland.edu
U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). Youth violence: A report of the Surgeon General. Washington, D. C.: Author.
Vossekuil, B. et al. (2000). U. S. Secret Service safe school initiative: An interim report on the prevention of targeted violence in schools. Washington, D. C.: U. S. Secret Service.
Yung, B. & Hammond, W. R. (1995). PACT — Positive Adolescent Choices Training: A model for violence prevention groups with African American youth. Program guide. Champaign, IL: Research Press.Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Surveillance summaries, June 28, 2002. MMWR 2002:51 (No. SS-4). (www.cdc.gov/yrbss)