These sell for 16 – 40 cents. m ake Something Simple that Everyone Has. A Pencil. Let’s make that your business. If you are really clever, you could make this! 72 needed – but this is just “art” – someone must make the pencils. But: Nobody Can Make a Pencil !
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for the right to cut it down to get
the wood you will need.
You will need:
Big chain saw, big truck, a saw mill, and other equipment.
But wait—who makes all those things? They require steel, machinery, buildings, trained workers. And the workers need food, clothing, housing, transportation, etc.
down a bit.
And start sawing.
precision is required if you
don’t want to waste valuable
wood and want to keep
costs under control.
quality of the pencil will be
bad & you lose customers.
So the wood get put in
a kiln drying machine.
This one claims to be good.
So you get little pieces of wood.
Also consider: poplar - Turkey, pine –
Russia & basswood – China.
or your logo must be
embossed on the side.
Here is one machine that
will do that.
But anyone can make this
machine, so lets get to the more technical stuff about pencil making.
There is no lead in pencils.
The inner stuff is a mix of clay that comes from many places and graphite. Sri Lanka and China are the leaders.
The number on the pencil (hardness)
depends on the clay/graphite mix.
First good quality pencil factory in the
U.S. was the Thoreau factory—founded by brother-in-law of Henry David Thoreau.
Get your vocabulary right—plugs, not erasers.
First patented in 1858.
Standard in the U.S., but not Europe (go figure).
Today—synthetic rubber or vinyl is used—get the right consistency and an extruder machine squirts out long ribbons of plugs. When cool, cut to size. And then, because we like soft edges, hundreds of pounds of them are tumbled in a tumbler to get softer edges.