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Occupational Safety and Health Management System (OSH MS) in Malaysia Dato’ Ir Dr Johari Basri Executive Director NIOSH PowerPoint Presentation
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Occupational Safety and Health Management System (OSH MS) in Malaysia Dato’ Ir Dr Johari Basri Executive Director NIOSH Malaysia. DOSH, MALAYSIA. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OSH MALAYSIA. NIOSH. INFORMATION DISEMINATION. TRAINING. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. CONSULTANCY. HR Development.

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slide1

Occupational Safety and Health Management System (OSH MS) in Malaysia

Dato’ Ir Dr Johari Basri

Executive Director

NIOSH Malaysia

slide3

DOSH, MALAYSIA

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OSH MALAYSIA

slide4

NIOSH

INFORMATION

DISEMINATION

TRAINING

RESEARCH AND

DEVELOPMENT

CONSULTANCY

HR

Development

Equipment

& Asset

IT

System

Products

&

Services

SYSTEMS

ISO

OSH MS

Financial

Resources

Support from

Goverment

Competitiveness

New

Products

Good Governance

Customer Service

slide5

PLAN

ACT

DO

CHECK

What is a Management System?

The leadership and structure that ensure work is done in a consistent manner over time to include organisational strategy for the use of information, for the purpose of managing specific potential loss issues through the Deming P-D-C-A management cycle.

slide6

The need for a Management System

  • To follow global trends and practices in managing any loss potential issues such as quality, environment, health & safety, security, etc.
  • To maintain consistency on OSH practices and controlling work place hazards
  • To take advantage of the opportunity for continual improvement initiatives
  • To integrate several issues into a single system that includes quality, security, environment, health & safety, etc.
  • Accident statistics has reached a plateau
slide9

Evolution in OSHMS Development

In 1996, the British Standards Institution (BSI) announced BS 8800, which later became the basis of OSH MS

UK

In April 1999, the major European certifying organizations led by BSI played the central role in the formulation of OHSAS 18001

Certifying Organizations

Integration of OSH MS into ISO management system standards were twice considered but voted down

ISO

ILO announced its OSHMS guidelines in

December 2001

ILO

Malaysia has MS-OSHMS guidelines in 2003

Malaysia

slide10

Objectives of OSHMS

Introduction of an OSHMS

Integration of Management

Establishment of a company-wide promotion system

Preemptive Safety and Health Measures

Elimination or reduction of potential hazards

Promotion of Voluntary Responses

Enforce/reinforce system and effective autonomous activities

Further Decline in Industrial Accidents

Elevate standard of Safety and Health

slide11

Characteristics of OSHMS

1. Autonomous System of the PDCA Cycle

2. Contain Management Directives,

Procedures and Record Keeping

  • Identification of potential hazards
  • Organisation-wide promotion activities
slide13

OSHMS VS Legal Requirements in Malaysia

  • OSHA 94 requirements include elements of OSH MS such as safety policy, organisation, and training, but as it is worded in legal terms, it does not provide for the step by step approach to form a complete Management System
  • Thus, in order for the companies to comply with the law, there is a need for a structured format such as provided by OSH MS for implementation
  • In general, the development of OSH programs and activities are very much driven by legal requirements (the Act, Regulations or Code of Practice) – Program Approach
slide14

OSHMS VS Legal Requirements in Malaysia

  • However, large companies already implement some form of OSH MS, e.g. PSMS in the oil and gas industries, but here, it is specific to the nature of the industry.
  • In other words, most of the industries are still dependant on government or regulators in managing their safety and health
  • The OSH-MS assists industries to manage safety and health at the workplace based on the system approach (Plan-Do-Check-Act concept) with the OSH legal requirements forming the framework of the OSH-MS
slide15

OSHMS VS Legal Requirements in Malaysia

  • The systematic OSH approach for continual improvement with the commitment and leadership of top management and active participation of employees provide the basis for ‘self-regulation’ embraced by the OSH Act 1994
  • There is an increasing demand from developed countries to incorporate safety and health as part of business/trade requirements
slide16

OSHMS VS Legal Requirements in Malaysia

System

Approach –

OSHMS

OSH Program

Approach

e.g. machinery inspection

Safety Committee

CHRA

Medical surveillance

System approach is holistic in the sense that it helps to identify all relevant input and requirements, and then creates a framework of procedures to ensure that compliance is comprehensive and consistently achieved.

slide17

OSH MS

OSHA

1994

  • Other Business
  • Processes
  • Quality
  • Environment
  • Productivity

FMA

1967

OSHMS VS Legal Requirements in Malaysia

slide18

Behaviour Based safety

  • Kiken Yochi Training
  • Safe design
  • Guarding
  • Chemicals
  • Noise

OSH MS : the holistic approach

MAN

OSH MS

MACHINE

WORKING

ENVIRONMENT

(MEDIA)

POPEA

slide19

Status of OSHMS Efforts

Results from survey on 310 businesses – 2004.

To date – more than 150 organisations have voluntarily established OSHMS in Malaysia according to several standards such as OHSAS 18001 and MS-1722.

slide21

Results from OSHMS Introduction

Responses from 44 companies that had completed introduction

national construction safety masterplan
National Construction Safety Masterplan
  • Provide a comprehensive framework for to enhance safety and health at the construction site
  • This plan was developed based on tripartite involvement
  • One of the thrust of the framework is for the construction industry to implement OSH MS system at the workplace with emphasis on DIY approach.
  • Companies that has successfully implemented the OSH MS will be given recognition, and given priority in securing government projects for the start.
voluntary initiatives in promoting osh ms
Voluntary Initiatives in Promoting OSH MS
  • Mentor-mentee program
  • NGOs e.g. MSOSH, CICM, MTUC, MEF creating awareness for OSH MS implementation
  • Contractor Safety Passport System
  • OSH in Schools
critical success factors csf
Critical Success Factors (CSF)

Mission, Vision

  • VISION +
  • URGENCY +
  • CAPABILITY +
  • INCENTIVE +
  • RESOURCES +
  • ACTION PLAN =
    • SUCCESS

Strategic Plans

CSF

OBJECTIVES

Key

Performance

Index

But Health and Safety is a Journey. You may pass some milestones, but you never arrive at a destination.

slide25

Obstacles in OSHMS Introduction

1. Perspective

2. System/Costs

Difficulty in developing the system.

Difficulty in educating/securing personnel to start the system.

Inability to secure a budget.

High costs, such as for training.

There is high resistance to the effort to introduce OSH MS due to the perception of OSH MS being completely new and untested.

3. Method of Introduction

4. Effects & Motivation

Few examples/information about companies already implementing the system.

Not knowing the proper approach on how to introduce the system.

Need for guidelines that small and medium sized companies can use.

Few training courses on system

implementation/operation available.

Current management system is deemed sufficiently effective.

Top management lack intention to introduce the system.

Top management not convinced whether OSH MS will be effective.

slide26

Benefits of OSHMS

  • Prevention of industrial incidents through elimination of potential hazards.
  • Elevating the level of health and safety awareness with continual improvement in the implementation of OSHMS.
  • Effective management of health and safety through clarification of roles and responsibilities, procedures and documentation.
  • Creation of a workplace where employees can work without anxiety, with the establishment of a safer and healthier work environment.
  • Recognition by society as a company that is free of industrial incidents.
  • Reduction of unnecessary losses through reduction of industrial incidents.
slide27

Thank

You