Measures of Anaerobic Indicators

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# Measures of Anaerobic Indicators - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Measures of Anaerobic Indicators. An overview. Anaerobic Indices. Not normally measured as an indication of fitness since are not considered to be related to health Are not used in day-to-day life Mainly important in the assessment of athletes

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### Measures of Anaerobic Indicators

An overview

Anaerobic Indices
• Not normally measured as an indication of fitness since are not considered to be related to health
• Are not used in day-to-day life
• Mainly important in the assessment of athletes
• Defined as the ability to do short-term bursts of high-intensity work.
Anaerobic Energy Production
• Without Oxygen
• 1. ATP-PC
• 2. Glycolysis
Lab Tests
• 1. Margaria-Kalamen
• 2. Muscle Biopsy
• 3. Anerobic Sprint Test
• 4. Sargent Jump Reach Test
• 5. Manahan-Gutin Step Test
• 6. Wingate
Margaria Kalamen
• Measures the ability of a subject to climb steps at maximal speed
• The time it takes to climb from the 3rd to the 9th step in a stairway (usually have switch plates on the steps which determine the start and stop times)
Margaria Kalamen
• Usually under 3 seconds so is a test of the phosphagen system
• Power (kgm/sec) = Work ÷ Time = Force x Distance ÷ Time
• Force = BW (kg)
• Distance = sum of step ht (meters)
• Time = amount of time to climb stairs (sec)
Muscle Biopsy
• Measure anaerobic enzymes
• painful
• expensive
• invasive
• possibly not representative of the entire muscle
Sprint Test
• Time to run a certain distance (usually 40-60 yards)
Sargent Jump Reach Test
• Maximal Vertical Jump Test
• Hard to account for BW so try to include a rate constant for a falling body in the equation
• Power (kgm/sec) = 2.21 x BW (kg) x jump height (m)
Manahan-Gutin Step Test
• The number of times a subject can raise their body on a bench in a period of 1 minute
• Power (kgm/min) = BW (kg) x # steps in 1 minute x Bench ht (m)
Wingate Cycle Ergometer Test
• Assesses both anaerobic energy systems
• 30 second test
• Load = BW (kg) x .075
• Work (kgm) = load (kg) x # pedal revolutions x 6 meters
Anaerobic Power
• Greatest work performed in a 5 second period
• Reflects the phosphagen system
• AP (kgm) = highest revs in 5s x 6mx Resistance
• multiply by 12 to convert to kgm/min
• divide by 6.12 to convert to Watts
Anaerobic Capacity
• Reflects glycolytic + phosphagen system
• AC (kgm) = total revs in 30s x 6m x Resistance
• multiply by 2 to convert to kgm/min
• divide by 6.12 to convert to Watts