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Effective Career Planning for Job Seekers with Disabilities . Institute for Community Inclusion Umass Boston www.communityinclusion.org. Identify Yourself !. DISABILITY. What does it mean to you?. Disability. Includes wide range of conditions Impact on people’s lives varies

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Effective Career Planning

for

Job Seekers with Disabilities

Institute for Community Inclusion

Umass Boston

www.communityinclusion.org



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DISABILITY

What does it mean to you?


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Disability

  • Includes wide range of conditions

  • Impact on people’s lives varies

  • Often not apparent


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Be careful of blanket assumptions about disability and people with disabilities

Disability is individualized and idiosynchratic


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One-Stop Customers people with disabilities

  • Job Seekers

  • Employers


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Marketing as Education people with disabilities

Every conversation you have with an employer about an individual with a disability contains both implicit and explicit disability awareness education.


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Job Seekers with Disabilities people with disabilities

  • People who have an apparent disability and/or disclose their disability to you

  • People who have a non-apparent disability and choose not to disclose

  • People who are not aware they have a disability


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Getting to Know You: people with disabilitiesCurrent One-Stop Assessment Practices

Interest inventories

Achievement tests

Aptitude tests

Personality assessments

Intelligence Testing


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Shortcomings of Testing for People with Disabilities people with disabilities

  • When modified, scores are uncertain

  • Tests that reflect disability do not provide info about potential

  • Predictive assessments used in a different environment are limited

  • Norm-referenced difficulties: most pen/paper tests were standardized on people without disabilities


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HOW DO WE FIND OUT WHAT PEOPLE WANT? people with disabilities

What interests them?

What motivates them?


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Individualized Career Planning people with disabilities

  • Rally the troops

    • Tap into those resources!

    • Who knows them well? Who can help identify skills/abilities?

  • Develop a Vocational Profile

    • Likes and dislikes

    • Past experiences

    • Skills and abilities

    • See “Job Development Planning Tool”

  • Identify Employment Outcomes

    • Job choice

    • Environment of choice

  • Develop Placement Plan

    -Matching interests & supports


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Critical Elements of Career Planning people with disabilities

  • Customer Driven

  • Focus on Desires, Strengths, Abilities

  • Get to Know Him/Her: Ask, “Why?”

  • Ongoing Process

  • Respecting Preferences and Choices


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Job Seeker Planning Tool people with disabilities

  • A good job is a good match.

  • What’s your profile?


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Alternative Methods of Exploration and Assessment people with disabilities

  • What are they?

  • Who sets them up?

  • What can they tell you or your customer?


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Situational assessments people with disabilities

Job shadowing

Tours

Informational interviews

Volunteering

Taking a class

Alternative Assessments


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How to… people with disabilities

  • Use existing employer relationships

  • Use job development techniques

  • Use your customer’s and your networks

  • Be considerate of employer’s time and restrictions

  • Be clear about purpose and role


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Employer/Career Research people with disabilities

  • Information about labor market trends

  • Job requirements and environments

  • Level of education and experience

  • Availability of jobs


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Research Resources people with disabilities

  • Job listings

  • Newspaper articles

  • Employer web sites

  • http://online.onetcenter.org/


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Long Term Employment Success people with disabilities

Requires that potential support needs and barriers be identified and addressed, prior to placement


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Anticipating Needs people with disabilities

  • Individual support needs vary

  • Anticipate and address support needs during job search

  • Focus on needs on the job as well as external needs (e.g., housing) which can impact employment

  • Focus on concrete (e.g., transportation) & personal supports (e.g., need for supportive co-worker)


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Potential Job Support Issues people with disabilities

  • Transportation

  • Child care

  • Non-work meetings/appointments/obligations

  • Benefits management

  • Money management

  • Personal organization skills

  • Housing

  • Clothing/uniform


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Support on the Job: people with disabilitiesTwo Areas to Look At

  • Accomplishing job tasks

  • Fitting into work culture &

    understanding social rituals


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Addressing Support Needs people with disabilities

  • Identify and provide assistance in accessing resources (transportation, benefit planners)

  • Focus on potential placements which are good skill & work culture match with sufficient level of on-the-job supports

  • Accommodations: identify & arrange

  • Determine need for post placement support (job coach, counseling, peer support post-placement, etc.) and identify source