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Domain Names & Web Hosting. By: SZ Quadri CEO, Zaidsoft Launching the web site. Browser & Server. Internet Infrastructure. Request . Response. From Browser -------  Get me home page (Request)

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Domain Names & Web Hosting

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domain names web hosting

Domain Names & Web Hosting

By: SZ QuadriCEO,


browser server
Browser & Server

Internet Infrastructure



  • From Browser ------- Get me home page (Request)
  • From Server --------- Here is index.html (Response)


Web Browser


domain name
Domain Name
  • Domain Name: The unique name that identifies an Internet site. Domain Names always have 2 or more parts, separated by dots. Example: or
  • The part on the left is the most specific, and the part on the right is the most general.
  • Many machines can be pointed using the same domain name by qualifying the domain name with host name like and
  • Internet Protocol does not know about the domain names.
  • The server which translates name into IP address is called “Domain name server” or “Name server”.
  • For every domain name you need at least 2 name servers.
  • Name servers also have names like and


domain to ip
Domain To IP
  • Mapping domain names to IP addresses
  • The mapping of names to addresses consists of independent, cooperative

systems called name servers.

  • A name server is a server program that holds a master or a copy of a name-to-address mapping database, or otherwise.
  • points to a server that does, and that answers requests from the client software, called a name resolver.


domain whois
Records that show “who is” responsible for various aspects of a particular domain name. This includes various contact details such as Registrant (owner), Admin, Billing.

Registrant is considered legal owner of the domain name.

Domain management password can be used to do almost everything related to a domain name including changing the ownership of the domain name.

Example whois Record:




SZ Quadri (*****

Civil Lines

Allahabad UP, 211001 IN Tel. +91.5322607076

Domain Whois


domain name and trade mark
Domain Name and Trade Mark
  • A domain name, apart from being your worldwide address, is your own unique identity on the web.
  • The Bombay High Court has held that the Internet domain names are of importance and are a valuable corporate asset. (As in the case of Rediff Communication Limited Vs Cyberbooth)
  • One should protect our trade mark (name) online by registering domain name(s) representing the trade name.
  • was sold for roughly US$ 7 million.


the uniform domain name dispute resolution policy udrp
The Uniform Domain-Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP)
  • The Uniform Domain-Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) has been adopted by ICANN-accredited registrars in all gTLDs (.aero, .biz, .com, .coop, .info, .museum, .name, .net, .org, .pro). Dispute proceedings arising from alleged abusive registrations of domain names (for example, cybersquatting) may be initiated by a holder of trademark rights.


  • The network of networks.
  • The Internet is marvelously robust, with thousands of independent networks operating together to move traffic around the globe.
  • Works on well defined protocols.
  • TCP/IP is the primary protocol set.
  • IP stands for Internet Protocol.
  • IP defines how data can travel from one machine to another in the form of a packet.
  • Every machine has unique IP Address.
  • An IP address is the numerical address of a computer on the Internet. Each IP address consists of four numbers separated by periods.
  • Examples of IP addresses are:


ip packet
IP Packet


ip address
IP Address


The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the nonprofit organization that was formed to assume responsibility for the IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name and root server management functions.

  • ICANN suggest ISPs should consider the following order of priority when seeking IP addresses:
  • 1) Request IP address from upstream provider.
  • 2) Request IP address from provider's provider.
  • 3) Request IP address from ARIN or your RIR.


regional internet registries rirs
Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)
  • The Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) are responsible for allocating and assigning IP addresses to ISPs, organizations and end users in their designated geographical regions.
  • There are five RIRs - each serving specific geographical areas worldwide. These include APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, RIPE NCC and AFRINIC.
  • Asia Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC) is responsible for IP distribution in the Asia and Pacific region.
  • It is a not-for-profit, membership-based organization whose members include Internet Service Providers, National Internet Registries, and similar organizations.


web hosting options
Web hosting options

You can host your web

site in 3 ways :

1. Virtual Hosting

2. Virtual Dedicated Hosting

3. Dedicated Server Hosting


virtual hosting
Virtual Hosting
  • Share or Virtual Web Hosting is a solution that allows a you to rent part of a web server to store your website's data, rather than pay for an entire dedicated server with more space and power than you need. With share web hosting basically you are sharing same server and IP address (not domain name) with other web site. Share web hosting is much cheaper as compare to dedicated servers.


advantages of virtual hosting
Advantages of Virtual Hosting
  • Allows a user to share server cost with other users i.e. it is affordable.
  • Fulfills the requirements of small sites.
  • Complete control over your own applications.
  • Allows the server administrator to maximize his resource usage by resource-sharing among the websites.


disadvantages of virtual hosting
Disadvantages of Virtual Hosting
  • Users get limited rights on the server.
  • Users have restrictions on the server resource usage .


dedicated hosting
Dedicated Hosting
  • In dedicated hosting a complete server is owned by one owner. As an owner of the dedicated server, he has full control of every aspect of the hardware and software.


advantages of dedicated hosting
Advantages of Dedicated Hosting
  • Full control in the hands of user .
  • Performance is greatly enhanced.
  • Security is greatly enhanced.
  • Provides enhanced scalability.
  • Complete flexibility over the choice of software and hardware .


disadvantages of dedicated hosting
Disadvantages of Dedicated Hosting
  • Quite expensive and unaffordable for normal users.


virtual dedicated hosting
Virtual Dedicated Hosting
  • It is more than a shared server and less than a dedicated server.
  • A VPS simply put is, a server that runs inside another server.
  • Each VPS looks, feels, and acts like a dedicated server but shares the same hardware.


advantage of vdh
Advantage of VDH
  • Allows users to have dedicated hosting environment at the cost of Shared Hosting.


data centers
Data Centers

Data centers provide secure facilities for housing telecommunications and computer equipment. Offering safety, security, access and a suitable environment, data centers typically accommodate thousands of servers.

can i host my own server
Can I host my own Server?



but Practically





File Transfer Protocol

ftp uploading your web site
FTP: Uploading your web site

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol and is used to transfer files between machines.

FTP is generally used to upload the web site on remote server.

It allows you to do most of file related operations

Rich GUI based FTP clients are easily available


using ftp
Using FTP

To use the FTP we

need the following


  • FTP Server Name/IP

(This Is generally your domain name)

  • Username(This may also be your domain name)
  • Password(Hosting company provided password)


the search engines
The Search Engines
  • Search Engines such as Google index large number of sites by key words and provide users an easy way of finding desired information/site.
  • Most popular search engines are crawlers; i.e., they crawl the web automatically.
  • Most important search engines will find your site automatically after a certain time.
  • You may also submit your site to assist the search engine in indexing your site. The URL for google is:


search engine tips
Search Engine Tips
  • Keywords to be placed at most crucial locations , for e.g. in Title.
  • Page to have visible text content rather than only images.
  • Avoid the use of Frames.
  • Prefer Static pages rather than the dynamic ones.


thank you

Thank You

Contact Information:


Visit us at: and

11B/9, Tashkent Marg, Civil Lines, Allahabad.

Ph: 532-2607076 E-mail: