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Diet and diabetes

Diet and diabetes

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Diet and diabetes

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  1. Diet and diabetes

  2. Reasons for diet • Weight control • Blood glucose control • Prevention and management of short-term and long-term complications of diabetes

  3. Dietary recommendations for diabetes • Eat starchy foods regularly • Eat more fruit and vegetables • Reduce animal or saturated fat • Cut down on sugar • Reduce salt

  4. Balancing food choices

  5. Eat starchy foods regularly • Bread • Potatoes • Rice • Pasta • Cereals • Plantain • Chapatis

  6. Eat more fruit and vegetables • Fresh • Frozen • Tinned • Dried • Juice

  7. To help maintain blood glucose levels and cholesterol levels Fruit Vegetables Pulses Oats Helps to maintain a healthy gut Wholegrain cereals Wholemeal bread Wholewheat pasta Brown rice Choose more high fibre foods

  8. Reduce animal or saturated fat intake • Use low fat milk • Use low fat spread instead of butter • Use oil high in unsaturated fat, eg olive oil, rapeseed oil

  9. Use less fat in cooking • Grill • Dry-roast • Microwave • Steam

  10. Choose the right sort of fat • SATURATED • Full fat dairy produce (eg cheese, butter, full cream milk) • Pies • Biscuits • Savoury snacks • Lard • Hard vegetable fat • MONO- UNSATURATED • Olive oil • Rapeseed oil • Groundnut oil • POLY- UNSATURATED • Sunflower oil (products) • Oily fish

  11. Cut down on sugary foods • Not a sugar free diet • Cut out sweets • Cut out sugary drinks

  12. Choose low sugar products • Use diet or low calorie, sugar free drinks

  13. Intense sweeteners • Tablet • Liquid • Granulated

  14. Avoid diabetic products • Cost • Laxative effects • Focus on ‘sugar free’ • Still raise blood glucose levels • Still contain same calories

  15. Reduce salt intake • Cut down on added salt • Use alternative seasonings • Look out for reduced/low sodium foods, eg bread • Avoid salt substitutes

  16. Eat regular meals based on carbohydrate: Breakfast

  17. Lunch or snack meal

  18. Main meal

  19. Weight management and diabetes

  20. Be more active

  21. Slimming tips • Be realistic about your target weight • Aim to lose weight gradually • Eat regular meals • Make small changes you can stick to

  22. Drink alcohol in moderation That’s 2 units a day for women 3 units a day for men

  23. How many units in your drink? units • 1 pint premium strength lager or cider 3 • 1 pint average strength lager 2.8 • 1 pint average strength cider 2.6 • 1 pint bitter 2.3 • 1 pint stout 2.3 • Medium glass (175mls)white or red wine 2.3 • Large glass (250mls) white or red wine 3.3 • Pub measure (25mls) spirit 1

  24. For more information on diabetes0800 585 088

  25. Diabetes UK Careline 0845 120 2960 Monday to Friday 9am to 5pm Recorded diabetes information 24hours/day Website - www.diabetes.org.uk