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Diet and diabetes. Reasons for diet. Weight control Blood glucose control Prevention and management of short-term and long-term complications of diabetes. Dietary recommendations for diabetes. Eat starchy foods regularly Eat more fruit and vegetables Reduce animal or saturated fat

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Presentation Transcript
reasons for diet
Reasons for diet
  • Weight control
  • Blood glucose control
  • Prevention and management of short-term and long-term complications of diabetes
dietary recommendations for diabetes
Dietary recommendations for diabetes
  • Eat starchy foods regularly
  • Eat more fruit and vegetables
  • Reduce animal or saturated fat
  • Cut down on sugar
  • Reduce salt
eat starchy foods regularly
Eat starchy foods regularly
  • Bread
  • Potatoes
  • Rice
  • Pasta
  • Cereals
  • Plantain
  • Chapatis
slide6
Eat more fruit and vegetables
  • Fresh
  • Frozen
  • Tinned
  • Dried
  • Juice
choose more high fibre foods
To help maintain blood glucose levels and cholesterol levels

Fruit

Vegetables

Pulses

Oats

Helps to maintain a healthy gut

Wholegrain cereals

Wholemeal bread

Wholewheat pasta

Brown rice

Choose more high fibre foods
reduce animal or saturated fat intake
Reduce animal or saturated fat intake
  • Use low fat milk
  • Use low fat spread instead of butter
  • Use oil high in unsaturated fat, eg olive oil, rapeseed oil
use less fat in cooking
Use less fat in cooking
  • Grill
  • Dry-roast
  • Microwave
  • Steam
choose the right sort of fat
Choose the right sort of fat
  • SATURATED
  • Full fat dairy produce (eg cheese, butter, full cream milk)
  • Pies
  • Biscuits
  • Savoury snacks
  • Lard
  • Hard vegetable fat
  • MONO- UNSATURATED
  • Olive oil
  • Rapeseed oil
  • Groundnut oil
  • POLY- UNSATURATED
  • Sunflower oil (products)
  • Oily fish
cut down on sugary foods
Cut down on sugary foods
  • Not a sugar free diet
  • Cut out sweets
  • Cut out sugary drinks
choose low sugar products
Choose low sugar products
  • Use diet or low calorie, sugar free drinks
intense sweeteners
Intense sweeteners
  • Tablet
  • Liquid
  • Granulated
avoid diabetic products
Avoid diabetic products
  • Cost
  • Laxative effects
  • Focus on ‘sugar free’
  • Still raise blood glucose levels
  • Still contain same calories
reduce salt intake
Reduce salt intake
  • Cut down on added salt
  • Use alternative seasonings
  • Look out for reduced/low sodium foods, eg bread
  • Avoid salt substitutes
slimming tips
Slimming tips
  • Be realistic about your target weight
  • Aim to lose weight gradually
  • Eat regular meals
  • Make small changes you can stick to
drink alcohol in moderation
Drink alcohol in moderation

That’s

2 units a day for women

3 units a day for men

how many units in your drink
How many units in your drink?

units

  • 1 pint premium strength lager or cider 3
  • 1 pint average strength lager 2.8
  • 1 pint average strength cider 2.6
  • 1 pint bitter 2.3
  • 1 pint stout 2.3
  • Medium glass (175mls)white or red wine 2.3
  • Large glass (250mls) white or red wine 3.3
  • Pub measure (25mls) spirit 1
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Diabetes UK Careline

0845 120 2960

Monday to Friday

9am to 5pm

Recorded diabetes information 24hours/day

Website - www.diabetes.org.uk

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