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Dealing with the scariest complication in cataract surgery Ian Francis
Leonardo era un pittore straordinario
First : the most important word in the English language : Ontological : do you believe what you just saw ??
ONTOLOGICAL : “ The way things really are …” FOR EXAMPLE : 1. Life 2. Your spouse 3. Your children 4. God 5. Surfing 6. Medicine 7. Optometry 8. Ophthalmology 9. Refractive surgery 10. Neuro-ophthalmology …………
All Ophthalmology and Optometry is Neuro-ophthalmology Why ?? …. because much as anyone may or may not like it : The eye bone is connected to 1. the brain bone 2. the body bone
Dealing with the scariest complication in cataract surgery
Endophthalmitis : E
E : Only happens because someone has been operated !!
Anthony Pane : Neuro-ophthalmologist extraordinaire Everyone in Medicine should read this….
Med J Aust October 2008 “ Misdiagnosis of acute eye diseases by primary health care providers: incidence and implications “ …. 1. Michael O. Statham: RMO: MB BS(Hons), BAppSci(Optom)(Hons) 2. Anamika Sharma : Registrar : BmK BS(Hons), BMedSci(Hons) 3. Anthony R. Pane : VMO : MB BS(Hons), MMedSc, FRANZCO
For E : It is of supreme importance not to 1. underdiagnose E 2. misdiagnose E 3. treat E as of little consequence
E 1. Is either local or metastatic 2. May requires lots of medical work to confirm 3.May be life-threatening….
Diagnosing E : YOU MAY BE IN THE BOX SEAT
E : 1. Vast majority have had cataract surgery 2. Within a few days of the operation, things head south, often rapidly 3. Day 1: vision 6/4 or 6/12 vision 4. Vision on day 4 : HM or worse 5. Pain 6. Loss of the red reflex 7. Hypopyon
E : Is getting the instructions for the postoperative drops correct really important ?……
E story Don : DOB 280726 280704: R phaco Wednesday : uneventful 290704 : Thursday : Day 1 pop : VAR : 6/4 020804 : Monday 7.40pm : Day 5 pop : VAR : PL All stops pulled out by the VR team ……..
Endophthalmitis following cataract surgery : the sucking corneal wound Athena Roufas MBBS (Hons), MM (Ophthal Sci) Vivek B. Pandya MBBS (Hons), MM (Ophthal Sci) Edwin C. Figueira MBBS, MSc, MS (Ophthal) Shahriar Amjadi B Sc (Hons), MBBS Gaurav Bhardwaj BMed Josh Baker Katherine Masselos MPH, MB, BS (Hons) Fiona Stapleton PhD Sarosh Batliwalla BEc, MEc, MIntS, FIAA Katherine E. Francis BE (Hons) Rahul Dubey MBBS (Hons) Jeanie Chui B Med Sci (Hons) MBBS PhD Ian. C. Francis FASOPRS, PhD
Is E important ? • What is the world “accepted” rate of E • It is said to be 0.1% : 1/1000
Is E important in Oz? NSW has a rate (1998-2004) of 0.823%: >8/1000 Is this really true ??
Risk factors for acute endophthalmitis after cataract surgery: a population-based study. Hatch WV et al Ophthalmology. March 2009 116:425-30.
April 2009 • Nick Mamalis • Editor JCRS • Professor of Ophthalmology • Nick.Mamalis@hsc.utah.edu • (John A.) Moran Eye Center :0011 1 801 581 23520011 1 801 581 2121 (Emergency Switch : the best number; they will contact his home)Office : 801 581 6586Pager : 801 339 0763
1st May 2009 Emanuel Rosen FRCSE Editor JCRS Manchester , England