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Classification and Identification of Cattle Breeds. Mt MorrisBeef Cattle Seminar June 17, 2009. CLASSIFICATION OF BEEF CATTLE. BRITISH BREEDS OF CATTLE. Hereford Dairy Cattle Polled Herefords Jersey Black Angus Guernsey

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Classification and Identification of Cattle Breeds

Mt MorrisBeef Cattle Seminar

June 17, 2009

british breeds of cattle
BRITISH BREEDS OF CATTLE
  • Hereford Dairy Cattle
  • Polled Herefords Jersey
  • Black Angus Guernsey
  • Red Angus Ayrshire
  • Devon Milking Shorthorn
  • Shorthorn
  • Red Poll
  • Galloway
  • British Whites
  • Scotch Highland
  • Welsh Black
  • Wagyu
european breeds of cattle
EUROPEAN BREEDS OF CATTLE
  • Simmental Dairy
  • Limousin Brown Swiss
  • Maine-Anjou Holstein
  • Dutch Belted
  • Salers
  • Charolais
  • Piedmontese
  • Blonde d’Aquitaine
  • Belgian Blue
  • Chianina
  • Gelbvieh
  • MRI
  • Normande
  • Pinzqauer
  • Devon
  • South Devon
  • Tarentaise
composite breeds of cattle
COMPOSITE BREEDS OF CATTLE
  • Brangus (RED & BLACK)
  • Beefmasters Beefmaker
  • Simbrah Braford
  • Bramousin Santa Gertrudis
  • American 7 Way Composite
  • Salorn
hybrid vigor benefits
HYBRID-VIGOR BENEFITS
  • More Climate variable
  • Increased Growth Rate
  • Increased Vigor and Fertility
bos taurus beef breeds

BOS TAURUS BEEF BREEDS

BRITISH / EUROPEAN

hereford
Hereford
  • Originated in England
  • Red with white points
  • Horned usually
  • Known for pink eye

Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

red angus
Red Angus
  • Originated in the British Isles
  • Same as Black Angus
  • Barred from Angus herdbook
  • Recognized as separate breed

Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

black angus
Black Angus
  • Native to Angus (near Scotland)
  • Most popular beef breed in the US
  • Always black in color
  • Can produce Red Angus
  • Known for Marbling Ability

Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

texas longhorn
Texas Longhorn
  • Originated in the United States
  • Various colors
  • Almost went extinct
  • Known for Low Birth Weights and Calving ease for Heifers

Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

red poll
Red Poll
  • Developed in England
  • Primarily used for meat in US
  • Milk production in other countries
  • Dark red and polled

Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

shorthorn
Shorthorn
  • Originated in England
  • White to red in color
  • Roane Color, very popular for show heifers.

Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

murray grey
Murray Grey
  • Developed in New South Wales-Australia
  • Became a recognized Australian breed in 1962
  • Cross of Roan Shorthorn and Angus
  • Known for small birth weights
  • Good Carcass traits
  • Docile Disposition
  • Dark pigment on head and udders
belted galloway
Belted Galloway
  • Developed in the 16th century in Scotland
  • Know for shaggy coat-ideal for wet, cold conditions
  • Developed from a cross of Galloway and Dutch Belted
  • Have good marbling ability
  • Polled and refered to as “Belties”
devon
Devon
  • Originated in England
  • Also called North Devon
  • One of the oldest beef breeds
  • At one time used for milk
  • Mature cows weigh 950-1300 lbs.

Bos Taurus / British Breed Classification

south devon
South Devon
  • High Maternal Breed
  • Not Related to Devon
  • High butterfat-4.2%
  • Refered to as “Gentle Giants

Bos taurus/British Breed Classification

ayrshire
Ayrshire
  • Origin Scotland
  • High butterfat and Protein
  • Do Well in Harse Conditions

Bos taurus/British Breed Classification

guernsey
Guernsey
  • Origin Jersey Isle in English Channel
  • High butterfat and Protein
  • Used in Grazing Operations
  • Larger than Jersey cattle

Bos taurus/British Breed Classification

jersey
Jersey
  • Origin Jersey Isle in English Channel
  • High butterfat and Protein
  • Popular due to high components in Milk
  • Small Mature Size
  • Used in Crossbreeding
  • #2 Dairy Breed

Bos taurus/British Breed Classification

bos taurus
Bos Taurus
  • Breeds of European Origin
dutch belted
Dutch Belted
  • Dual Purpose
  • Developed in Holland from cattle originating in Austria
  • Moderate Frame Size

Bos Taurus/Dutch Breed Classification

holstein
Holstein
  • #1 Dairy Breed
  • Developed in North Holland and Freisland
  • High Milk Production
  • Large Mature Size

Bos Taurus/Dutch Breed Classification

brown swiss
Brown Swiss
  • Switzerland Origin
  • Large Cattle Dual Purpose-Braunvieh
  • High Milk Components
  • Large Mature Size
  • Developed at High Altitude

Bos Taurus/Swiss Breed Classification

limousin
Limousin
  • Native to South-Central France
  • Golden-red to red-brown in color

Bos Taurus European Breed Classification

simmental
Simmental
  • First recorded in Switzerland
  • Large body mass
  • Light red to dark red with white points
  • Known for Maternal Characteristics

Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

wagyu
Wagyu
  • All Japanese cattle
  • Various colors
  • Consists of many Japanese breeds
  • Known for Marbling in the Meat

Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

piedmontese
Piedmontese
  • Originated in Italy
  • Double muscled breed
  • Light to dark gray in color

Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

blonde d aquitaine
Blonde d’Aquitaine
  • Originated in France
  • Blonde color
  • Known for Heavy Muscle

Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

salers
Salers
  • Native to France
  • Milk production important in Europe
  • Rod to brown in color
  • Known for some Carcass Merit

Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

tarentaise
Tarentaise
  • Originated in France
  • Used for milk in Europe
  • Red color

Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

maine anjou
Maine-Anjou
  • Originated in France
  • Mature bulls weigh 2100-3000 lbs.
  • Mature cows weigh 1500-1900 lbs.
  • Dark red with white markings

Bos Taurus / European Breed Classification

slide35

Red Brahman

  • Heat and Insect Resistant
  • Mothering Ability

Bos Indicus Classification

brahman
Brahman
  • Developed in the United States
  • Light gray or red to black
  • Known for Mothering Ability
  • Named after Brahman Shines in India
  • A mix of Nelore, Indu-Brazil, Gyr breeds
  • Tropically adapted-have sweat glands

Bos Indicus Classification

slide37

Nelore

  • Known form having smaller ears and cleaner lines than other zebu breeds.
  • Biggest populations in South America.
  • Heat and Insect tolerant

Bos Indicus Classification

indo brazilian
Indo Brazilian
  • Known for Large Ears
  • Heaviest Populations in South America
  • High in Maternal Attributes

Bos Indicus Classification

africander
Africander
  • Native to South Africa
  • Usually red with long horns
  • Used for meat and as a draft animal
  • Mature cows weigh 1150-1350 lbs.
  • Mature bulls weigh 1650-2200 lbs.

Bos Indicus Classification

hays converters
Hays Converters
  • Developed in Canada
  • Senator Harry Hays-Calgary, Alberta
    • 1/3 Hereford
    • 1/3 Holstein
    • 1/3 Brown Swiss
  • Known for growth rate, high fertility, sound udders, and high milk production
    • First Recognized Composite in Canada in 1975
    • Composite Breed Classification
brangus
Brangus
  • Originated in the United States
  • 3/8 Brahman, 5/8 Angus
  • Solid black
  • Polled

Composite Breed Classification

bramousin
Bramousin
  • Originated in the United States
  • Golden to red in color
  • 5/8 Limousin, 3/8 Brahman

Composite Breed Classification

braford
Braford
  • Developed in Florida
  • 3/8 Brahman, 5/8Hereford
  • Red with white points

Composite Breed Classification

simbrah
Simbrah
  • Originated in the United States
  • Brahman and Simmental breeds used
  • Light to dark red with some white marks

Composite Breed Classification

beefmaker
Beefmaker
  • Originated in the United States
  • 3/4 Hereford, 1/4 Simmental
  • Red with white points

Composite Breed Classification

beefmaster
Beefmaster
  • Originated in the United States
  • Brahman, Hereford, and Shorthorn
  • Composite Breed Classification
salorn
Salorn
  • Developed in the United States
  • 5/8 Salers. 3/8 Texas Longhorn
  • Lean meat
  • Environmentally adaptable

Composite Breed Classification

texon
Texon
  • Originated in the United States
  • Texas Longhorn and Devon breeds used

Composite Breed Classification

slide50

Santa Gertrudis

*Originated at the King

Ranch in Texas

*Made up of Brahman,

Hereford, and Shorthorn

Breeds

*Known for Heat tolerance

Composite Breed Classification

review of beef cattle classification
Review Of Beef Cattle Classification
  • Cattle are Classified into Two Groups
  • The Bos Taurus Classification includes what two Groups.
  • What are some Composite Breeds and what are their makeup.
  • What are some Breeds Attributes.