Cahuilla Indian Report By: Sarah Day. Settlements. Shelter. Trade. Food. Clothes. Tools. Language. Location. Population. Settlements.
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The area where Cahuilla lived was crossed by mountain ranges, canyons, and valleys, and desert. The elevation ranged from 11,000 feet in the San Bernardino Mountains to 273 feet below sea level near the Salton Sea.
The Cahuilla built several kinds of shelters. They were made by setting several poles in a line in the ground and topping them with a ridge pole.
Cahuilla territory was crossed by a major trade route, the Cocopa-Maricopa trail, that brought people from the East to the Pacific Coast. They traded food such as corn, melons, squash, and gourds, turquoise, and oxen.
The men hunted deer and rabbits, the people depended more on desert plants for their food supply. Game animals were not as plentiful in much of the Cahuilla area as they were for many early Californians.
Unlike many early Californians, the Cahuilla often wore sandals on their feet. The sole of the sandal was held onto the foot by thongs of cord or deerskin.
The Cahuilla used crushed rock mixed with the clay, to make their shelters stronger. They used grass to make baskets and clay to make pots. They cut a few small trees to make the frame for their homes.
Cahuilla Indians speak Ivatim, a Uto- Aztecan language of Southern California. Only a handful of elders still speak the Cahuilla language.
In 1770 the estimated population was 2,500. In 1910 it was about 800.The population is going down.
The Cahuilla Indians lived in the Desert region of the united States. The California desert is hot and dry in summer, and few plants grow in its sandy soil.