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BED BUGS. “Sleep tight, don’t let the Bed Bugs bite” Not just your grandma’s bedtime saying……… ICD Code133.0 Sonya Marlton, RN, MSN. What are Bed Bugs Cimex lectularius. Small insects that feed on human blood. _______________________________ Adult bug size of an apple seed Non-flying

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bed bugs


“Sleep tight, don’t let the Bed Bugs bite”

Not just your grandma’s bedtime saying………

ICD Code133.0

Sonya Marlton, RN, MSN

small insects that feed on human blood
Small insects that feed on human blood


  • Adult bug size of an apple seed
  • Non-flying
  • Reddish brown in color, appearing more reddish after feeding on a blood meal
  • Not well established
  • General notion that they are found in the bat's habitats as well as birds nest in North America, Europe and Australia
why are we experiencing increased bed bug infestation in the u s
Why are we experiencing increased Bed Bug infestation in the U.S.?
  • Increases in immigration and travel from the developing world
  • Restrictions on the use of stronger pesticides specifically DDT
  • Insect Resistance


Deer Tick

how to identify presence
How to Identify Presence
  • Check mattress and furniture seams for live or dead bugs, or feces
life cycle
Life Cycle
  • 2 weeks for eggs to hatch
  • 4 months for hatched eggs to become adult
  • Adults live approximately 10 months
  • Adult can live up to 12 months without eating
how do they find you
How do they find you?
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Each bed bug will feed every few days and then move back to their hiding place until they need to feed again
feeding habits
Feeding Habits
  • Bedbugs feed while you sleep, with peak biting activity just before dawn
  • Bite several areas until full
  • Feeding takes approximately 3 to 10 minutes
  • Exposed body areas
  • Face, neck, hands,

legs, and arms

what does a bed bug bite feel and look like
What does a Bed Bug Bite feel and look like?
  • Itchy, red welts (histamine reaction to bite)
  • Most redness will go away in 4 to 7 days
  • Can be mis-diagnosed as mosquito bites, flea bites, or dermatitis
do bed bugs carry disease
Do Bed Bugs Carry Disease?
  • Bites are a nuisance
  • Not know to Spread Disease
  • Cause secondary infection from scratching
  • Antihistamine or steroid creams for itching
do they live on animals
Do they live on animals?
  • No
  • They can bite animals
  • They live in the environment
  • Female bed bugs like to lay eggs on rough surfaces such as cardboard, like the back of a picture, or on fabric.
how to get rid of them
How to get rid of them?
  • Professional Exterminator
  • Clean
  • Disinfect
  • Eliminate hiding places


  • Use bug bombs
  • Spray pesticides on surface of mattresses or sofas (only seems of mattress)
staying in hotels luggage
Staying in Hotels/Luggage
  • Check mattress seams, mattresses, furniture, and floor boards
  • Keep luggage off of floor and zipped
  • Wear pajamas that cover arms and legs
  • Return home: Wash clothes and bedding in hot water, and dry on high heat
  • Shake out suitcases
don t beware
Don’t -Beware
  • Scavenge beds and furniture that have seemingly been discarded and left by the curb for disposal, or behind places of business
  • Used Mattresses
  • Used Furniture



Hill, C, A., MacDonald, J, F., (July, 2007),

Bed bugs: biology and public health risk, retrieved from,

Kells, S, A., Hahn, J, (August 23, 2006), Prevention and control of bed bugs in residences:

information for homeowners and tenants, retrieved from, (Kells & Hahn, 2006, p.1)

Mayo Clinic. (September 2, 2010). Bedbugs, retrieved from,