a criminal personality
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
A “criminal personality?”

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 12

A “criminal personality?” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 200 Views
  • Uploaded on

A “criminal personality?”. Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) from DSM-IV 1. Disregard for the rights of others. At least three of the following: behaves in a way that is grounds for arrest, deceitful and manipulative, impulsive, aggressive, irresponsible, lack of remorse

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'A “criminal personality?”' - Anita


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
a criminal personality
A “criminal personality?”
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) from DSM-IV

1. Disregard for the rights of others. At least three of the following:

behaves in a way that is grounds for arrest, deceitful and manipulative, impulsive, aggressive, irresponsible, lack of remorse

2. Age 18 or older

3. A history of child conduct disorder

4. Antisocial behavior not a product of schizophrenic episode

the psychopath
The “psychopath”
  • Hervey Cleckley’s (1982) The Mask of Sanity
  • Key features: Manipulative, Superficial charm, Above-average intelligence, Absence of psychotic symptoms, Absence of anxiety, Lack of remorse, Failure to learn from experience, Egocentric, Lack of emotional depth
  • Other Characteristics: Trivial Sex life, Unreliable, Failure to follow a life plan, Untruthful, Suicide attempts rarely genuine, Impulsive, Antisocial behavior
the lingo
The Lingo
  • Psychopath (suggest biology/personality)
  • Sociopath (environment)
  • Most people now use psychopath, regardless of causes.
  • Serial Killers? Some are psychopaths
    • BUT: Some are not, and the vast majority of psychopaths are not serial killers
how do i know a psychopath when i see one
How do I know a psychopath when I see one?
  • OLD: Clinical Diagnosis, NOW…
  • Robert Hare (Canadian Psychologist)
    • Hare PCL (now PCL-R)
    • Score characteristics (from Cleckley) on 0-2 scale based on a structured INTERVIEW
      • Ask some “canned” questions, but looking at how they answer more than what they answer
    • Draw “cut-off” for psycho status (28-32)
interesting stuff from the pcl
Interesting stuff from the PCL
  • 10 to 25% of inmates are psychopaths
    • But, what percent of any cohort?
  • Rehabilitation Outcomes
  • Differences in Learning
  • Individual Differences?
    • Speech differences
    • Neurological
    • Affect/Emotional
psychopaths do not benefit from treatment
Psychopaths do not Benefit From Treatment
  • Rice, Harris, and Cormier (1992)
    • Assessed the effectiveness of a therapeutic community program for psychopaths and non
    • “Violent recidivism rate”
    • NON-Psychopaths
      • Treatment = 22%; No treatment = 39%
    • Psychopaths
      • Treatment = 77%; No treatment = 55%
learning experiments
Learning Experiments
  • Psychopaths do not learn as quickly
    • Played longer in computer card game with declining chances of success
individual differences i speech
Individual Differences I: Speech
  • Language / Speech
    • Logical inconsistencies
    • Language is superficial; can’t grasp abstract/deep Speech Differences
  • Williamson (1991): scored audiotaped interviews with offenders for cohesion/coherence
    • Psychopaths less coherent; get “off track”
individual differences ii emotion
Individual Differences II: Emotion
  • Affection / Emotional
    • Know “rules of game” but can’t appreciate the emotional significance of situations
  • Interview with graphic detail
    • Read others reactions to tap into emotions
individual differences iii biology
Individual Differences III: Biology
  • Many of the “correlates” discussed in Rowe:
    • Low cortical arousal
    • Low nesting heart rate, Skin conductance
issues in psychopathy
Issues in Psychopathy
  • Difference in “kind” or “quantity?”
    • Does everyone have a little psychopathy?
  • Psychopaths that escape detection?
    • Study in prison (high base rate, access to records)
  • Primary vs. Secondary?
    • Can some psychopaths turn emotion on and off?
policy implications
Policy Implications
  • Responsivity Issue
    • Keep out of Rx, especially group therapy
    • Treatment specifically for psychopaths?
  • Issues of Responsibility
    • Quacks testifying on behalf of the state
ad