What is Dharma ? Religion…and religions The dialectic progression of Yoga The path of Action (karma) The path of Knowledge (gyana, jnana) The path of Love (bhakti) Definition of Dharma Absolute, Eternal Dharma (sanatana dharma)
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Absolute, Eternal Dharma (sanatana dharma)
‘Nature , character , peculiar condition or essential quality’.
E.g.: the dharma of sugar is to be sweet, of fire to be hot.
The dharma of the Individual Soul (jiva) is to render service to the Supreme Soul
‘That which sustains’.
So any regulative system that supports the realization of one’s Absolute, eternal dharma is also a (relative) dharma.
Yoga (Sanskrit) means to ‘yoke’ or connect. Religion (Latin re-ligare) means to re-connect. This is a reference to regaining consciousness of one’s Eternal, Absolute Dharma.
"...Whosoever follows a false doctrine of the Self will perish." -- Chandogya Upanishad VIII.8.4
The discharge of the cycle of duties prescribed in the Vedas.
Reached its apotheosis in the school of the karma-mimamsa.
Motivated by personal desire to attain material well-being by gaining control over natural processes.
The level of karma embodies worldly action and absorption in material name and form.
The pursuit of liberation from material energy - release from all karma.
Renunciation of all personal desires. Cessation of all activity.
Total absorption of the intellect in a radical theology of Negation (via negativa).
Turns away from the world and action in it to seek liberation into a transcendence conceived as the negation of all name and form.
Dissolution of individual identity in a mystical union with an Undifferentiated Absolute Spirit.
Katha Upanishad, Ch. III:
“A man who has discrimination for his charioteer and holds the reins of the mind firmly, reaches the end of the road; and that is the supreme position of Vishnu.”
“Beyond the senses are the objects; beyond the objects is the mind; beyond the mind, the intellect; beyond the intellect, the Great Atman; beyond the Great Atman, the Unmanifest; beyond the Unmanifest, the Purusha. Beyond the Purusha there is nothing: this is the end, the Supreme Goal.”
Dialectic progression is spiral – not circular.
Harmonizing Action and Knowledge with the driving force of Love of Godhead leads to elevation.