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USA Hockey Officiating Seminar. Presentation Designed by Leonard Edling Edited for USA Hockey by Bob Fryer Additional editing by Joanne Nakaso. Welcome to Level 1 Seminar. Purpose To review the basics and fundamentals of officiating To establish uniformity in officiating

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usa hockey officiating seminar

USA Hockey Officiating Seminar

Presentation Designed by

Leonard Edling

Edited for USA Hockey by

Bob Fryer

Additional editing by

Joanne Nakaso

welcome to level 1 seminar
Welcome to Level 1 Seminar
  • Purpose
    • To review the basics and fundamentals of officiating
    • To establish uniformity in officiating
    • To eliminate “creativity” in officiating
  • Introduction of staff
  • Review of schedule
    • Breaks
    • Ice Time
    • Lunch
welcome to level 1 seminar3
Welcome to Level 1 Seminar
  • What is expected of me ? (as an Official)
    • Be on time!
    • Take notes
    • Ask questions
    • Work hard
    • Have fun
  • Who are you and why are you here?
local officiating program
Local Officiating Program
  • All volunteer program
  • District Referee-in-Chief
    • Greg Lucker
  • Local Supervisor of Officials
    • Chris Leahy
registration procedures
Registration Procedures
  • Mail completed USA Hockey form with fee to national office
  • Take open-book exam from USA Hockey
    • Minimum passing score – 35/50 for Level 1
  • Register and complete district seminar
    • Completion of seminar list is sent to USA Hockey
  • When completed with all requirements
    • Card and crest are sent from national office
member benefits
Member Benefits
  • Insurance (medical and liability)
  • Summer Officials’ development camps
    • Regional
    • National
    • Women’s Camp
    • Select
    • Regional & National Championships
member benefits8
Member Benefits
  • International Program
    • Elite Officiating Experience
    • International tournaments
    • Olympic Games
  • Publications
    • Manuals
    • American Hockey Magazine
    • Stripes Newsletter
member benefits9
Member Benefits
  • District Officiating Seminars
  • Instructor Training sessions
  • Evaluation Program
  • Mentor Program
  • Local events
looking the part
Looking the Part
  • Positive impression
  • Build credibility
  • Defines role as an official
  • Good looks complement good skills
  • Commands respect
personal appearance12
Personal Appearance
  • Face
  • Hair
  • General condition
equipment needs
Equipment Needs
  • Helmet
    • Mandatory
    • Black in color
    • Good condition
    • Visor- strongly recommended
  • Sweater
    • Long-sleeved
  • Trousers
    • Black
equipment needs14
Equipment Needs
  • Girdle protection
  • Skates
    • Well maintained
    • Clean white laces
    • No goalie skates!
  • Cup and supporter
  • Leg guards
  • Elbow guards
officials supplies
Officials’ Supplies
  • Whistles
    • Finger type
    • Minimum of 2
  • Rule book (USA Hockey & League)
  • Referee’s manual(s)
  • Equipment bag
  • Tape
officials supplies16
Officials’ Supplies
  • Telephone numbers
    • Assignors
    • Supervisors
    • Officials
  • Pen and Note pad (“riot pad”)
  • Cut skate laces
  • Soap and towel
off ice dress for regular games
Off-Ice Dress for Regular Games
  • What to wear
    • Nice clothing
    • Neat, clean and tidy
    • No team jackets
    • Avoid T-shirts and jeans (if possible)
  • Why?
    • Good first impression
    • Shows that officials take pride in work
proper on ice attire
Well groomed neat appearanceProper On-Ice Attire

Black helmet

Sweater

Crest

Finger whistle

Clean white laces

Black trousers

Well maintained skates

stretching
Stretching
  • Purpose of stretching
    • To obtain or maintain flexibility
    • To reduce potential of future injury
  • Basic stretching principles
    • Stretch major muscle groups from head to toe
    • Stretch slowly with controlled movements
basic stretches
Basic Stretches
  • Neck
  • Arms and shoulders
  • Trunk and back
  • Groin
  • Quadriceps
  • Calves
  • Ankles
importance of general fitness
Importance of General Fitness
  • Promotes overall good health
  • Enhances performance on the ice
  • Enhances creditability of performance through physical appearance
general fitness exercises
General Fitness Exercises
  • Aerobic
    • High heart rate for a period of time (cardiovascular-based)
  • Anaerobic
    • Muscle-based with short bursts of cardiovascular activity
  • Best combine both aerobic and anaerobic
  • Average 3 times per week
importance of skating well
Importance of Skating Well
  • Basic building block
  • Helps to enhance position
    • Which enhances vision
      • Which enhances judgment
  • Helps to establish credibility when you keep up with the play
referee skating vs player skating
Referee Skating vs.Player Skating
  • View
    • Referees always turn and stop facing the play
  • Posture
    • Head must always be up
  • Tight skating lanes along the boards
  • Different arm swing from players
    • Always front to back to increase efficiency
balance
Balance
  • Knee bend most important
  • Use inside edges
  • Shoulder, knee and ball of foot aligned
  • Head up
ready position
Ready Position
  • During stoppages (2 types)
    • Standing upright with hands at sides (ready position)
    • Hands on knees
  • During play
    • Never have hands on knees
    • Always stand upright with body angled toward the play (45 degree angle)
arm swing
Arm Swing
  • Similar to runner (front to back)
  • Strive to eliminate
    • Stick carrying posture
    • Side to side arm swing
    • Dog paw
    • Clenched fists
forward stride
Forward Stride
  • Long powerful strides are key
    • Exaggerated knee bend
    • Thrusts start with pressure (weight) on heel then extends through the blade to toe thrusting down “through the ice”
    • Full recovery
    • Weight transfer
    • Thrust out with opposite skate
  • All skating takes place from the hips down
    • Upper body stays “disciplined”
officiating etiquette
Officiating Etiquette
  • Punctuality
    • 30 minutes prior (minimum)
  • Second check of equipment when arriving in room
  • Officials’ dressing room
    • No visitors
    • Private headquarters
    • Politely ask unwanted visitors to leave
sociability
Sociability
  • Short conversations with players and coaches: be polite
  • Avoid opinions of other officials
  • Avoid controversial matters
stretching34
Stretching
  • Before every game
  • Every major muscle group
  • Heighten heart rate
  • Good warm-up a must
on ice warm up
On-Ice Warm-up
  • Go onto ice 3-5 minutes before teams
  • Skate at warm-up pace
  • Practice turns, stops, starts: forward and backward
  • Practice skating in Officials’ skating lanes
  • Watch and monitor warm-ups
visual inspection of playing area
Visual Inspection of Playing Area
  • Check for:
    • Defective ice, boards, glass, door openings
    • Clock and bench locations
    • Off-Ice Officials in position
    • Illegal face masks and helmets
  • Checking the goals
    • Holes in netting (fix, if necessary)
    • Posts properly anchored
    • Warped goal frames
  • Familiarize yourself with arena
officials stance
Officials’ Stance
  • Feet shoulder width apart
  • Shins parallel
  • Puck held in non-whistle hand
    • Puck hand forearm rests on hip bone
  • Head up and looking forward
holding the puck
Holding the Puck
  • Two accepted methods
    • Thumb on top, forefinger along the side
    • Thumb and small finger on the side, other finger tips on top
  • Thumb must remain in contact with puck
  • Officials should try different techniques
    • Both players must have an equal view of the puck
    • Puck must always land flat
    • Face-off should be fair
dropping the puck
Dropping the Puck
  • Officials must be ready first
  • Simultaneous out and down motion
  • Bend knees as puck starts first
  • Puck must land flat and remain stationary
  • Puck must land on center of face-off spot
  • Do not flick wrist prior to puck drop
  • Push the puck to the ice
players positions
Players’ Positions
  • Centers
    • Attacking player’s stick down first
    • Stick stationary on white half moon
    • When no spot exists: one stick length apart
    • Shoulders square with end boards
players positions42
Players’ Positions
  • Other players
    • Same side of circle as center
    • Outside of circle: includes sticks
    • On their side of the hash marks
  • Which official is responsible for which players?
    • Official conducting face-off
      • Centers and players in front of him
    • Partner
      • Players behind the official conducting the face-off
moving into position after face off
Moving into PositionAfter Face-Off
  • Drop puck
  • Pause to view play
  • Look behind you
  • Back to side boards
  • Keep play in front of you
  • Proceed to position facing play
  • Hustle only when clear to move
center ice face off technique
Center Ice Face-Off Technique
  • Start of the period
    • Signal Goalkeepers (Goal Judges)
    • Face and signal Timekeeper
  • Following a goal
    • Face the players’ benches
puck hand offs
Puck Hand-Offs
  • Hand shake technique
  • Place the puck flat in palm of partner
  • Receiving official closes hand firmly on puck
  • Professional look when clean and crisp
  • Everyone is watching you during this time
importance of proper positioning
Importance ofProper Positioning
  • Fundamental building block
  • Field of vision
    • Enables Official to see as much action as possible
  • Provides Official with safe viewing areas
  • Keeps Official out of the way
  • Officials’ “No-Man’s-Land”
    • Area that Officials must stay out of during play
slide48
Field of

Vision

starting the game
Starting The Game
  • Center Ice face-offs
    • Beginning of game: face the Timekeeper
    • Conduct face-off
    • Back toward side boards keeping play in field of vision
positioning following play
Positioning: Following Play
  • Play moves from Neutral Zone to End Zone
    • Follow play 15-20 feet behind
    • Stay along boards (5-10 feet) when play is on own side of rink
    • Move only when path is clear
positioning following play54
Positioning: Following Play
  • Play in Neutral Zone (transitional play)
    • Skate slowly until play takes a definite direction
    • Stop and observe play whenever possible
    • Use a wide open field of vision to read play
  • Play reverses direction
    • Stop along boards and allow play to pass
    • Follow at the recommended distance
positioning in the end zone and on the goal line
Positioning in the End Zoneand on the Goal Line
  • Skate into End Zone
    • Skate hard into End Zone
    • No coasting keep feet moving
    • Get to the Goal Line quickly, but only when path is clear
    • Never cut through face-off spot
positioning in the end zone and on the goal line58
Positioning in the End Zoneand on the Goal Line
  • Proper use of Home Base
    • Easy to move toward goal when shot on goal
    • Easy to move back back to corner when play moves to the Referee’s side
  • Following play out of the zone
    • Maintain proper distance
    • Wait on Goal Line until the play definitely leaves the zone
positioning during face offs
Positioning During Face-Offs
  • Neutral Zone face-offs
    • Closer to the nearest goal, opposite side of ice
    • Out 15 feet from boards
    • 30 degree angle
  • End Zone face-offs
    • On Goal Line opposite side of ice
    • At Home Base
    • Ready position
  • After goals
    • Face players’ benches
slide61
Face-Off

Neutral Zone Face-off

slide62
Face-Off

End Zone Face-off

slide63
Benches

After a Goal

post game positioning
Post-Game Positioning
  • At the buzzer
    • Attend to any potential altercation or dispute immediately
    • Attention then focuses on the players benches for players leaving
  • During hand-shake line
    • In Referee’s Crease facing all players
slide65
x

x

x x x

x x x

Benches

o o o

o o o

o

o

Post Game

slide66
xo

xo

xo

xo

xo

xo

Hand Shake

importance of proper positioning68
Importance of Proper Positioning
  • Fundamental building block
  • Enables Official to see as muck action as possible (enhancing judgment)
  • Provides Official with safe viewing areas
  • Keeps Official out of the way
  • Keeps Official out of “No-Man’s-Land“
starting the game69
Starting the Game
  • One Linesman at Blue Line (Visitor’s Bench)
  • Partner opposite side of ice on other Blue Line
  • Referee at Center Ice
  • Keep zones for ½ of game
    • Switch at the half-way point, during a stoppage, unless a team is shorthanded
positioning during play
Positioning During Play
  • Play leaving Neutral Zone and enters Attacking Zone
    • Official is at line before play
    • Partner moves into Neutral Zone (half way between Red Line and Blue Line)
positioning during play73
Positioning During Play
  • Play reverses and goes into opposite attacking zone
    • Back Official moves to his line backwards
    • Partner follows when all attacking players have left the zone
slide74
Backward

Skate

Play

positioning during play75
Positioning During Play
  • Play in the Neutral Zone
    • Both Linesmen at their respective Blue Lines - (skates in the Attacking Zone)
    • Linesmen diagonally across from each other
positioning during play77
Positioning During Play
  • Neutral Zone face-offs
    • Linesman directly opposite side of the face-off
    • Must be ready to move in either direction with the play
      • Play goes toward his own end: follow and partner gets out of face-off
      • Play goes toward partners end: follow play, wait for partner to get back into position and release
positioning during play79
Positioning During Play
  • Release signal
    • Arm extended out from side pointing diagonally
  • After goal
    • One Linesman in front of scoring team’s bench (the “Happy Bench”)
    • Partner on opposite side of ice on other Blue Line
retrieving the puck
Retrieving the Puck
  • Normal stoppages
    • Linesman in zone of stoppage spots face-off
    • Partner retrieves puck, hands off and returns to position
  • After goal
    • Linesman in zone of goal retrieves puck and hands off to Referee at center ice
    • Partner skates to middle of zone where goal was scored, then returns to normal position
retrieving the puck83
Retrieving the Puck
  • After a penalty
    • Linesman in zone of penalty spots face-off (escorts player for violent situation)
    • Partner retrieves puck, hands off and returns to position
importance of proper positioning85
Importance ofProper Positioning
  • Fundamental building block
  • Enables Official to see as much action as possible (enhancing judgment)
  • Provides Official with safe viewing areas
  • Keeps Official out of the way
  • Keeps Official out of “No-Man’s-Land”
slide86
Field of

Vision

starting the game88
Starting the Game
  • One Referee at center ice
    • (Facing Timekeeper)
  • Partner on opposite side of ice on center red line
  • Continually switching ends throughout the game
  • When puck is dropped, free Referee moves with the play
positioning during play90
Positioning During Play
  • Play leaving Neutral Zone and enters Attacking Zone
    • Free Official is at line before play
    • Official moves to goal line after making call at Blue Line
      • Deep Official is responsible for watching play
      • Official on Blue Line watches in front of goal
    • Partner moves up to Blue Line
positioning during play92
Positioning During Play
  • Play reverses and goes into opposite Attacking Zone
    • Back Referee must wait at Blue Line to be sure play is leaving the zone
    • Back Referee moves to his line backwards
      • Makes call at Blue Line and follows play into zone
    • Partner skates quickly out of zone as players leave zone
      • Moves up to Blue Line
positioning during play94
Positioning During Play
  • Play in the Neutral Zone
    • Both Referees at their respective Blue Lines (skates in the Attacking Zone)
    • Referees always diagonally across from each other
positioning during face offs96
Positioning During Face-offs
  • Neutral Zone face-offs
    • Referee directly opposite side of the face-off
    • Must be ready to move in either direction with the play
      • Play goes toward his own end: follow and partner will respond
      • Play goes toward partner’s end: follow and continue with play
positioning during face offs98
Positioning During Face-offs
  • End Zone face-offs
    • Diagonally opposite on far Blue Line (10 feet from boards and inside zone)
    • Maintains line until play leaves zone
    • Referee conducting face-off moves to Goal Line or out of zone with play
positioning in the end zone and on the goal line100
Positioning in the End Zoneand on the Goal Line
  • Skating into End Zone
    • Skate hard into End Zone
    • No coasting keep feet moving
    • Get to Goal Line quickly, but only when the path is clear
    • Never cut through the face-off spot
positioning in the end zone and on the goal line101
Positioning in the End Zoneand on the Goal Line
  • Proper use of Home Base
    • Easy to move toward goal when shot on goal
    • Easy to move back to corner when play moves to Referees side
  • Following play out of zone
    • Move quickly out of zone so partner can release Blue Line
    • Anticipate the play leaving the zone
positioning during face offs102
Positioning During Face-offs
  • Neutral Zone face-offs
    • Referee directly opposite side of the face-off
    • Must be ready to move in either direction with the play
      • Play goes toward his own end: follow and partner will respond
      • Play goes toward partner’s end: follow and continue with play
positioning during face offs104
Positioning During Face-offs
  • End Zone face-offs
    • Diagonally opposite on far Blue Line (10 feet from boards and inside zone)
    • Maintains line until play leaves zone
    • Referee conducting face-off moves to Goal Line or out of zone with play
positioning in the end zone and on the goal line106
Positioning in the End Zoneand on the Goal Line
  • Skating into End Zone
    • Skate hard into End Zone
    • No coasting keep feet moving
    • Get to Goal Line quickly, but only when the path is clear
    • Never cut through the face-off spot
positioning in the end zone and on the goal line107
Positioning in the End Zoneand on the Goal Line
  • Proper use of Home Base
    • Easy to move toward goal when shot on goal
    • Easy to move back to corner when play moves to Referees side
  • Following play out of zone
    • Move quickly out of zone so partner can release Blue Line
    • Anticipate the play leaving the zone
post game positioning109
Post Game Positioning
  • At the buzzer
    • Check ice first for altercations
  • During hand-shake line
    • Referees on each side of line diagonally across from each other
    • Removed from players
slide110
X O

X O

X O

X O

X O

X O

retrieving the puck111
Retrieving the Puck
  • Normal stoppages
    • Referee in zone of stoppage spots face-off
    • Partner retrieves puck, hands off and returns to position
retrieving the puck113
Retrieving the Puck
  • After goal
    • Referee in zone of goal reports goal and assists
    • Partner retrieves the puck and conducts ensuing face-off
retrieving the puck115
Retrieving the Puck
  • After penalty
    • Referee assessing penalty reports penalty
    • Partner retrieves puck and conducts face-off
    • “Free” partner check for potential altercation/uncooperative player before conducting face-off
positioning on the blue line
Positioning on the Blue line
  • Official on the Blue Line
    • Inside the line as play enters Attacking Zone
      • Provides proper angle on play
    • Must get a clear view of the determining edge of the line
  • Partner moves into position
    • Must be ready to cover in case Official is knocked off line
signals
Signals
  • Point to face-off
    • Full palm point with fingers together
  • Washout
    • Signal comes from chest then out
  • Slow “delayed” whistle
    • Flat palm, fingers together
    • (Junior and Adult classifications ONLY)
stopping play for off sides
Stopping Play for Off-Sides
  • Blue Line is part of zone from where the puck comes
  • Determining edge
  • Instant puck completely crosses line
  • Puck carried into Attacking Zone with teammate(s) off-side
    • Immediate whistle (no delay) and point to location of face-off
    • Official calling violation skates to spot of the face-off
    • Partner retrieves puck, hands it off and returns to position
stopping play for off sides121
Stopping Play for Off-Sides
  • Puck shot into Attacking Zone with teammate(s) off-sides
    • Immediate whistle - all Youth classifications
    • New rule for 2003-04
  • Junior and Adult classifications ONLY
    • Delayed whistle (delay signal)
      • If puck goes to a defending player
      • Attacking players may clear zone (“tag-up”)
stopping play for off sides122
Stopping Play for Off-Sides
  • Puck shot into Attacking Zone with teammate(s) off-sides (Juniors & Adults - continued)
    • Situation to nullify off-side (put arm down, no washout)
      • Defending team gains possession and gets puck out of zone
      • All attacking players simultaneously clear zone
    • Situation to blow whistle
      • Attacking player plays or makes contact with puck while delayed off-sides is still in effect
      • Attacking player forces opposing player with puck to retreat
stopping play for off sides123
Stopping Play for Off-Sides
  • Calling Violation
    • Official calling violation skates to the spot of the face-off (where the puck was shot)
    • Partner retrieves puck, hands it off and returns to position
  • Intentional off-sides
    • Should be called in every case where the Official deems that there was no opportunity to complete a legal play
    • Regardless of the actions of the defending team
special situations
Special Situations
  • Defending team shoots or plays the puck back into zone
    • Players on the attacking team are considered to be on-side
  • Deflections back into zone with members of attacking team in the attacking zone
    • Always off-sides
      • Off Referee/Linesman
      • Off defending player
      • Off defective boards
calling icing
Calling Icing
  • Criteria for calling icing
    • Puck shot from behind center Red Line
      • Center Red Line part of zone from where the puck comes
    • Crosses opposing Goal Line
    • Puck not touched beyond center Red Line
    • No chance to be played by defending team
      • Not including Goaltender
    • Team shooting puck is NOT short-handed
calling icing127
Calling Icing
  • Mechanics of making call
    • Back Official
      • Initiates icing by signaling slow whistle
      • Skates to cover partner
    • Front Official
      • Acknowledges signal and skates into Attacking Zone
      • Blows whistle and raises arm when puck crosses goal line
      • Initiates call only when back Official doesn’t see
calling icing128
Calling Icing
  • After blowing the whistle
    • Back Official
      • Points to face-off location
      • Skates (watching players) to face-off spot
      • Three strides then turns backwards
      • Icing signal at top of circle
    • Front Official
      • Retrieves puck, hands off and returns to position
    • Referee (3 man system) uninvolved
      • After whistle, skates as deep as furthest attacking player
icing signals
Icing Signals
  • Slow “delayed” whistle
  • Icing
  • Washout
  • Point to face-off
  • Release signal
washing out icing infractions
Washing Out Icing Infractions
  • Mechanics of washing out play
    • Back Official
      • Initiates icing
      • Cannot washout once play crosses center Red Line
      • Follows to cover partner
    • Front Official
      • Makes call
      • Washes out with verbal “NO” and moves back into position
basic icing judgment situations
Basic Icing Judgment: Situations
  • Defending player able to play puck, but doesn’t
    • WASHOUT
  • Puck crosses through goal crease
    • STILL ICING
  • Puck deflected before crossing center red line
    • ICING: if by shooting team
    • NO ICING: if by defending team
  • Puck touched after crossing center red line
    • WASHOUT: if touched by either team
slide133
Never closer to the goal than the End Zone face-off spot
  • Never closer to the side boards than imaginary line connecting face-off spots
  • Never in middle of ice

General Rules & End Zone Face-Offs

slide134
Puck Frozen

Defending team: Nearest End Zone face-off spot

Attacking team: Nearest Neutral Zone face-off spot

slide135
Puck Frozen

Face-off along line perpendicular from boards on imaginary line connecting face-off spots

Attacking team in Attacking Zone: Nearest Neutral Zone Face-off spot

slide136
Icing

Face-Off

Icing

face off location
Face-Off Location
  • Off-sides
    • Pass: from where puck was passed along imaginary line
    • Puck carried over: nearest Neutral Zone face-off spot
  • Puck frozen by Goaltender
    • Nearest End Zone spot to where puck was last shot or played
  • Penalty Call
    • Where puck was last played - along imaginary line
    • Attacking team in Attacking Zone: nearest Neutral Zone face-off spot
puck shot out of rink
Puck Shot Out of Rink
  • Stopping play
    • Any Official may stop play
  • Ensuing face-off
    • Official who stops play spots face-off
    • Partner retrieves puck
calling

Calling

Penalties

procedure for calling penalties
Procedure for Calling Penalties
  • Penalty signals are vital
  • Penalty by team in possession of puck
    • Immediate whistle
  • Penalty by team not in possession of puck
    • Delayed “slow” whistle
    • When offending team gains possession of puck, sound whistle
slide142
STOP

LOOK

ASSESS

Good signals are the Key

assessment procedure
Assessment Procedure
  • Point to player (look past player)
    • Open palm, closed fingers
  • Verbalize number and color
  • Signal and verbalize infraction
    • Do not indicate type of penalty (minor, major, etc.)
reporting procedure
Reporting Procedure
  • 3 strides forward then backwards to the penalty bench
    • Watch penalized player and others
  • Stop at penalty bench
  • Signal and verbalize infraction
  • Proper cadence through entire procedure
penalty signals
Penalty Signals

Demonstration of Penalty Signals

(See “Official Signals” Power Point Show)

do s and don ts of penalty assessment
Do’s and Don'ts ofPenalty Assessment
  • Slow, controlled cadence
  • No thumbs out
  • No skating through signals
  • No hurrying through signals
  • No facial expressions
  • No creative signals
  • Always repeat signal at Penalty Bench
verbal communication
Verbal Communication
  • Importance of verbal communication
    • Explains penalty reason
    • Official should briefly explain to player (younger age groups only)
  • Be brief and to the point
  • Speak to Captains
    • Coaches when necessary
    • Other reasonable players also
special situations148
Special Situations
  • Bench minor penalties
    • Served by any player except goaltender
  • Goaltender penalties (minor, major, misconduct)
    • Served by a player on the ice at the time of infraction
  • Injured player
    • Substitute player to serve penalty
    • Once injured player returns, must take his place in penalty box
special situations149
Special Situations
  • Minor plus major, misconduct, game misconduct, etc.
    • Additional player on penalty bench till minor expires (cannot be Goaltender)
  • Major plus major, misconduct, game misconduct, etc.
    • Additional player on penalty bench till major expires (cannot be Goaltender)
officials are teachers
Officials are Teachers
  • Teach the playing rules at lower levels of hockey to:
    • Players
    • Coaches
    • Parents
    • Spectators
  • Very little judgment is necessary in lower classifications
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Officials are Teachers
  • Penalties are always a penalty in mite and squirt classifications
  • Penalties must always be assessed at the lower levels whether accidental or intentional
    • EXAMPLES:
      • Tripping
      • High sticking
      • Checking or roughing
      • Holding
      • Slashing
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Officials are Teachers
  • Judgment comes into play more and is taught as Officials progress to higher levels
  • Rule knowledge is important at all levels of hockey
awarding goals
Awarding Goals
  • Puck must completely cross the Goal Line
  • Goal credited to player who propelled the puck into opponents’ goal
  • Puck enters goal as a result of action by a defending player
    • Last player from scoring team to legally play the puck
awarding goals156
Awarding Goals
  • Goal credited to attacking player who deflected puck into opponents’ goal
  • Goal shall be disallowed when
    • Puck strikes an Official and enters directly into the net
    • Puck is kicked by an attacking player and enters the goal
    • Puck is illegally (hand, foot) directed by an attacking player and enters the goal
awarding assists
Awarding Assists
  • Assist(s) credited to player(s) taking part in the play immediately preceding the goal
  • Maximum of two assists per goal
  • Player cannot be credited with a goal and assist on the same goal
procedure for awarding goals and assists
Procedure for Awarding Goals and Assists
  • Referee or front Official is responsible for awarding goals and assists
    • May ask for help from partner(s)
  • When goal is scored
    • Referee should point with non whistle hand in the direction of the goal
    • Referee should blow the whistle at the same time
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Procedure for Awarding Goals and Assists
  • Reporting procedure
    • 3 strides forward then backward to the scorers’ bench (watch all players)
    • Stop at bench
    • Report player number to be credited with the goal followed by the assist(s)
    • Skate to proper position for face-off
disallowed goals
Disallowed Goals
  • Blow whistle and immediately give washout signal
  • Report reason why goal was disallowed to game Timekeeper
stopping play
Stopping Play
  • Thought to be serious injury
    • Stop play immediately
    • Always be overcautious
  • Not a serious injury
    • Stop play when team of injured player gains possession of the puck
    • Monitor injured player while play continues
  • Always err on the side of safety
once play has been stopped
Once Play has been Stopped
  • Closest Official immediately skates to injured player
  • Partner(s) monitor other players
  • Motion coach/trainer onto ice to assist injured player
  • Monitor injured player until coach/trainer arrives
    • Do not try to move player or remove equipment
    • Verbally calm injured player and assess injury
once play has been stopped164
Once Play has been Stopped
  • Move away when coach/trainer arrive
    • Let them attend to injured player
    • Stay close enough to provide emergency assistance
    • But far enough away to prevent unnecessary verbal abuse
  • Allow time to assess injury before removing player from ice
  • If play was stopped for injured player
    • Player must leave the ice, and may not return until after the next face-off has been completed
protective equipment
Protective Equipment
  • Helmets: ALL PLAYERS
    • Must wear a helmet designed for hockey
    • Must wear a HECC approved helmet
    • Must wear a chin strap properly fastened
    • Must wear helmet/facemask on players’/penalty bench
    • Officials must wear a black hockey helmet
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Protective Equipment
  • Skates
    • Must be hockey skates (not figure or speed skates)
    • Any dangerous skates - player must be removed from the ice
  • Mouthpiece
    • All players must wear in Pee Wee through Junior, and Girls/Women Squirt through Midget classifications
protective equipment168
Protective Equipment
  • Facemask
    • All Youth players must wear HECC approved facemask
  • USA Hockey strongly recommends all Officials wear a half-shield visor
  • All players must wear the required protective equipment in the manner for which it is designed
dangerous equipment
Dangerous Equipment
  • Gloves in which all or part of the palm has been removed
  • Pads or protectors made of metal, or of materials likely to cause injury
  • Casts or splints made of hard or unyielding materials
  • Sticks that are partially broken at the tip of the blade
equipment measurement
Equipment Measurement
  • Only the Captain, during a stoppage of play, can request any equipment measurement
  • Maximum of one measurement per team per stoppage of play
off ice officials and their roles
Off-Ice Officials and Their Roles
  • Timekeeper
    • Responsible for the operating the time clock and keeping track of penalty times
  • Official Scorer
    • Records all goals, assists, saves and penalties on the official score sheet
    • Secures players roster prior to the game
    • May also serve as the announcer
    • Makes sure the official score sheet is properly signed and distributed following the game
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Off-Ice Officials and Their Roles
  • Penalty Bench attendants
    • Opens the door for penalized players
    • Assists the Timekeeper in monitoring penalty times
  • Officials may have to be patient with Off-Ice Officials at lower levels
    • Often times volunteer parents
    • Very little knowledge of rules and responsibilities
hand shake responsibilities
Hand-Shake Responsibilities
  • At the end of the game- all players separated
  • One official on each side of the hand-shake line
  • Monitor entire line for potential problems
  • Maintain a quiet presence
escorting teams off the ice
Escorting Teams Off the Ice
  • Hold one team if common exit
  • Monitor players off ice until in dressing room
  • Maintain quiet presence and awareness
  • Limit conversations with players to rules questions or other pertinent topics
  • Maintain a professional appearance at all times
signing the score sheet
Signing the Score Sheet
  • Check for accuracy and completeness
  • Note any special circumstances
  • Cross off any blank areas
  • Sign your name legibly
leaving the ice
Leaving the Ice
  • Keep sweater zipped and helmet on
  • Move quickly- avoid conversations with spectators
  • Maintain professional appearance and demeanor
officials dressing room
Officials’ Dressing Room
  • Discuss game situations with partner
  • Respect partner’s privacy regarding visitors
  • Clean up dressing area for next officiating crew
  • If another game follows, make sure that Officials are there to work the game
why use universal communication
Why Use Universal Communication?
  • The most effective means of communication
  • The manner in which it is done is a reflection of the officials attitude
  • Allows for the spirit of cooperation
  • Has influence on the overall acceptability of the officials attitude
  • Effective way for the official to gain respect
  • Honesty is the best policy
when to use verbal communication
When to Use Verbal Communication
  • During the assessment of a penalty
  • Close plays on the blue line or icings
  • When rule or ruling needs to be explained
  • Explanation of multiple penalty situations and penalty expirations
  • When a verbal warning is necessary before assessing a penalty or stopping play
    • EXAMPLE: “ Move the puck.”
coaches vs captains
Coaches vs. Captains
  • Talk to coach when:
    • Younger level of players involved
    • Complicated situation that is difficult for captain to translate
    • Coach is calm and has a reasonable question or genuine concern
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Coaches vs. Captains
  • Talk to Captain when:
    • Older players involved
    • Simple situation that can be easily be translated to the coach
    • Captain addresses you with a reasonable question or concern
    • Coach is unruly and unreasonable
communication tips
Communication Tips
  • When speaking one-on-one: be soft spoken and honest
  • Apologize when you make a mistake, being careful not to over apologize
  • Answer all reasonable questions
  • Avoid judgment discussions
  • Avoid undermining other officials
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Communication Tips
  • Be specific when verbalizing
  • Avoid threatening players or coaches
  • Be sympathetic
  • Avoid the “high and mighty” syndrome
  • Never use obscene or vulgar language
the game assignor
The Game Assignor
  • Must be willing to involve everybody
  • Special effort to get new Officials involved
  • Communicate with youth administrators regarding assignments
  • Be fair in assignments
  • Assign appropriate skill levels to each game
  • Allow for development of officiating skills
  • Avoid overexposure of Officials and teams
senior officials
Senior Officials
  • Provide support and information
  • Work with younger Officials
  • Help locate equipment
  • Help with test or answering questions
  • Help in the assignment of games
senior officials189
Senior Officials
  • Provide a positive officiating experience
  • Teach only approved USA Hockey techniques
  • Use a soft-spoken approach
  • Be honest when discussing performance
  • Use others only as positive examples
usa hockey evaluators
USA Hockey Evaluators
  • “Coaches” of the officiating world
  • Provide instructional follow-up which reinforces materials presented at seminar
  • Dedicated to improving quality and consistency of officiating
  • Provide positive feedback
  • Provide ways to overcome weakness
  • Encourage continued development and improvement
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USA Hockey Evaluators
  • Objective in their assessment
  • Have a thorough understanding of USA Hockey rules and procedures
  • Develop and encourage a positive relationship
  • Be a good listener and sympathetic
  • Be honest
  • Promote enthusiasm towards the perfection of officiating skills
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