Results from the Incredible Years School Age Programme for children aged 8+ years Margiad Elen Williams
Pathfinders project • Funded 2006 to support 18 Authorities, six with the school aged IY parent programme • First trial of the school age programme with older age range
The Programme • 18 sessions (School Age Basic + Advanced adult relationship programme) • Delivered by 6 Authorities some with no or limited IY experience • Targeted 8+ years but delivered to wider age range • Training, supervision and mentoring provided (co-ordinated from Bangor)
Sample - children • N = 300 aged between 8 – 16 years • Mean age 10.5 (SD 1.63)
Measures • Child Behaviour Measures • Eyberg Child Behaviour Inventory (ECBI) • Strengths & Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) • Parenting Skills • Arnold-O’Leary Parenting Scale • Parental Depression • Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) • Sample Characteristics • Personal Data & Health Questionnaire (PDHQ2)
Results • Analysis run for using available pre- and post-data (approx 50%) plus Intention To Treat (ITT) analysis • Unfunded study data collected by service delivery staff • Significant improvements on all measures, also demonstrated in ITT analysis
Child Behaviour Results • Child behaviour problems reduced to under clinical cut-off
Child Behaviour Results 2 • Improvements in child behaviour also seen on the SDQ.
Parental Depression Results • Significant reductions in parental depression
Parenting Skills Results • Significant improvements in parenting skills
Mediator/Moderator • What was bringing about the change and for whom? • Mediator – improvements in parenting skills mediated improvements in child behaviour • Moderator – usual risk factors, teen parent, single parent, drug/alcohol, poverty, parental depression did NOT predict child behaviour outcomes all did equally well • Family history of crime did reduce child behaviour outcomes
Conclusions • Results demonstrate that the programme is effective in improving children’s problem behaviours • Also effective in improving parental mental health and parenting skills • The programme is effective for older children and their parents
Future recommendations • A Randomised Controlled Trial (RCT) is now needed • Many remained above clinical cut-off levels. 18 session programme is the minimum for use with older age group.
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