Nutrition in Plants - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Nutrition in Plants PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Nutrition in Plants

play fullscreen
1 / 77
Nutrition in Plants
584 Views
Download Presentation
Albert_Lan
Download Presentation

Nutrition in Plants

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Nutrition in Plants

  2. Or the cacti in the desserts ? Or the algae in the sea ? How does trees on the fertile plain obtain their nutrients ?

  3. Review Question • Which mode of nutrition do the green plants carry out? A. Autotrophic nutrition B. Heterotrophic nutrition

  4. Sorry! You’re wrong! • Heterotrophic nutrition is the mode of nutrition in which organisms have to depend on other organisms or dead organic matters as their food sources. Green plants, however, can make organic food by themselves using simple inorganic substances.

  5. Very Good! • Autotrophic nutrition is the mode of nutrition in which organisms can make organic food by themselves using simple inorganic substances. • The process by which the green plants obtain nutrients is called : Photosynthesis

  6. Nature of photosynthesis • Takes place in Chloroplast • Necessary factors : • Carbon dioxide • Water • Sunlight • Chlorophyll

  7. Route of Carbon Dioxide for Photosynthesis

  8. Chloroplast Spongy Mesophyll Cell Air Space Stoma CO2

  9. Chloroplast Palisade Mesophyll Cell Air Space Stoma CO2

  10. Light reaction • Light energy is trapped by chlorophyll in chloroplast • Light energy absorbed by chlorophyll splits water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen • Oxygen is released as a gas through stoma to outside • Hydrogen is fed into dark reaction

  11. % of light absorbed by chlorophyll blue green red 6

  12. Oxygen is produce as the by-product of photosynthesis.

  13. Dark reaction • No light is required; can take place either in light or darkness • Hydrogen produced in light reaction combines with CO2 to form carbohydrates • Water is formed as a by-product

  14. C6H12O6 + 6 O2 6 CO2 + 6 H20 Carbon Dioxide Light Water Light Reaction Oxygen Glucose (C6H12O6) Summary of Photosynthesis H Dark Reaction

  15. Fate of carbohydrate products in the plant

  16. photosynthesis carbon dioxide and water carbohydrates (e.g. glucose) release energy by respiration

  17. carbon dioxide and water photosynthesis carbohydrates (e.g. glucose) convert into starch for storage because glucose is not a very good storage molecule

  18. carbon dioxide and water photosynthesis carbohydrates (e.g. glucose) change into sucrose and is transported to other parts through phloem

  19. fatty acids glycerol carbon dioxide and water photosynthesis carbohydrates (e.g. glucose) combine to form fats and oils to form cell membranes and as a food store

  20. carbon dioxide and water photosynthesis mineral salts from soil (e.g. NO3-, SO42-) carbohydrates (e.g. glucose) amino acids join together to become protein molecules

  21. Experiments on photosynthesis

  22. Destarching • Reason: • To avoid any existing starch in the leaves interfering with the result, and to show that any starch found after the experiment is produced during the period of investigation • Method: • By placing the plant in dark for at least 48 hours

  23. Investigation 8.1 To test a leaf for the presence of Starch

  24. boiling alcohol boiling water hot water iodine turn off Bunsen burner turn off Bunsen burner white tile Why is the leaf first boiled in water ? Ans: Because the process can soften the leaf, break down the cuticle and kill the leaf.

  25. boiling alcohol boiling water hot water iodine turn off Bunsen burner turn off Bunsen burner white tile Why is the leaf then boiled in alcohol ? Ans: To decolourize the leaf (to remove chlorophyll).

  26. boiling alcohol boiling water hot water iodine turn off Bunsen burner turn off Bunsen burner white tile Why is it important to turn off the Bunsen burner when you are heating the alcohol ? Ans: Because alcohol catches fire easily.

  27. boiling alcohol boiling water hot water iodine turn off Bunsen burner turn off Bunsen burner white tile Why is the leaf put in hot water after being boiled in alcohol ? Ans: Since the leaf becomes brittle after boiling in alcohol, so dipping it into hot water enables it to be softened.

  28. boiling alcohol boiling water hot water iodine turn off Bunsen burner turn off Bunsen burner white tile What colour change can be observed if starch is present ? Ans: The leaf becomes blue-black when iodine solution is added to it.

  29. Investigation 8.3 To show that Chlorophyll is necessary for Photosynthesis

  30. purple part green part Which part of the leaf turns blue-black when treated with iodine solution ? Ans: Only the green part.

  31. purple part green part Is chlorophyll necessary for photosynthesis ? Ans: Yes.

  32. purple part green part What is the control in this experiment ? Ans: The green part of the leaf acts as the control.

  33. Investigation 8.4 To show that Carbon Dioxide is necessary for Photosynthesis

  34. sunlight B A potassium hydroxide solution water Why is potassium hydroxide solution put in one of the flasks ? Ans: To absorb all the carbon dioxide in flask B.

  35. sunlight B A potassium hydroxide solution water What happens to each leaf after testing the presence of starch at the end of the experiment ? Ans: The leaf in flask A changes to blue-black while the leaf in flask B stains brown.

  36. sunlight B A potassium hydroxide solution water What do your results suggest about the relationship between carbon dioxide and photosynthesis ? Ans: Carbon dioxide is necessary for photosynthesis.

  37. Factors affecting the rate of photosynthesis

  38. Light Intensity  Light intensity  Rate of Photosynthesis

  39. Carbon Dioxide Concentration  Carbon dioxide concentration  Rate of Photosynthesis

  40. Temperature  Temperature  Rate of Photosynthesis Temperature > 40℃ Rate  & Stop soon

  41. Water Supply If no water, stomata close no gaseous exchange photosynthesis ceases

  42. Why is Photosynthesis important ? Green plants: the only organisms capable of trapping light to manufacture food from simple inorganic substances

  43. Why is Photosynthesis important ? • Green plants(producers) starts the food chain & provide food for other organisms

  44. Why is Photosynthesis important ? • Atmospheric carbon dioxide is absorbed & oxygen is released into the atmosphere which maintains the composition of the atmosphere constant

  45. Parts of plant where photosynthesis takes place Mainly in the leaf because • it contains a lot of chloroplasts • it is well adapted for performing photosynthesis

  46. Internal Structure of Leaf

  47. cuticle upper epidermis palisade mesophyll chloroplasts spongy mesophyll intercellular space (air space) guard cell lower epidermis cuticle stoma

  48. Cross-section of a leaf of dicotyledon

  49. upper epidermis protect internal tissues from mechanical damage and bacterial & fungal invasion

  50. Cuticle • a waxy layer • prevent water loss from the leaf surface • protect the leaf