MEDICINE AS CULTURE 2. Culture-Bound Syndromes Lay Health Beliefs & Explanatory Models. Culture Bound Syndromes. What are Culture Bound Syndromes?.
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Lay Health Beliefs & Explanatory
They are constellations of symptoms, classified as “disease” or “dysfunction”, which are characterised by one or more of the following elements:
Although its symptoms may be recognised and similarly organised in other (e.g. western) cultures, they are not perceived as belonging to the same ‘disease’ or ‘dysfunction’
Anorexia nervosa (North America, Western Europe): severe restriction of food intake, associated with morbid fear of obesity. Other methods may also be used to lose weight, including excessive exercise. May overlap with symptoms of bulimia nervosa
What does the DSMIV suggest to mental health practitioners (also to social workers?) when encountering clients from a different cultural context (e.g. migrants or ethnic minorities):
Kleinmann , A (1980) Patients and Healers in the Context of Culture. Berkley: UCLA Press.