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Lead in and around the Home. Lead Poisoning. Lead is dangerous because it is widely used and lasts forever in the environment. You can reduce exposure to lead, but you cannot avoid it. Lead poisoning is often considered as the number one environmental problem in the United States.

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lead poisoning
Lead Poisoning
  • Lead is dangerous because it is widely used and lasts forever in the environment.
  • You can reduce exposure to lead, but you cannot avoid it.
  • Lead poisoning is often considered as the number one environmental problem in the United States.
children and lead
Children and Lead
  • Children age 6 and younger are most likely to be affected because of hand-to-mouth activities.
  • Lead-based paint is the most common source of high exposure in children.
  • One in nine American children have elevated lead blood levels.
health problems from lead
Health Problems from Lead
  • In children:
    • Learning and behavioral

problems

    • Slow mental development
    • Nervous system damage
health problems from lead5
Health Problems from Lead
  • In adults:
    • High blood pressure
    • Reproductive system

damage

lead sources
Lead Sources
  • House paint from homes built before 1978.
  • Household dust created as paint ages or painted surfaces rub together.
  • Chipping, peeling, or flaking paint.
  • Lead pipes or solder.
  • Lead-contaminated soils.
lead in your water
Lead in Your Water
  • Potential sources:
    • Lead pipes that bring water into the home.
    • Lead pipe connectors.
    • Lead soldered joints in copper plumbing.
    • Brass faucets and pump components containing lead.
  • Soft or acidic water easily dissolves lead from pipes and fittings.
what can i do about lead in my water
What can I do about lead in my water?
  • Have your water tested for lead.
  • Flush your plumbing system before use.
  • Test your water for pH and hardness.
    • Optimum pH level is 7.5 to 8.5.
    • Optimum hardness level is 80mg per liter.
  • Minimize effects by using cold tap water for cooking and drinking.
lead paint dangers
Lead Paint Dangers
  • Prior to 1978, paint with higher lead levels was used on the following if moisture exposure was great:
    • windows
    • doors
    • exterior walls
  • Exposure is greatest when paint is chipping, flaking, or is scraped or sanded.
lead in soil
Lead in Soil
  • Exhaust from vehicles using leaded gas has caused high lead levels in soil around homes in older neighborhoods.
  • This lead is found in the top 2-3 inches and is a problem when:
    • Children play outdoors on bare soil.
    • Soil is tracked into the house.
    • Eating leafy vegetables grown in infected soil.
protect your family from lead
Protect Your Family From Lead
  • Have your children’s

blood tested for lead.

  • Have your water tested for lead.
  • Take precautions when remodeling.
protect your family from lead12
Protect Your Family From Lead
  • Clean around windows and doors often.
  • Encourage children to

wash hands after playing.

  • Wash bottles, pacifiers and toys

regularly.