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Jacob S. Kounin. Classroom Management Techniques. Who is Kounin?. Kounin is a classroom behaviourist theorist Best known for his two studies done in 1970 He wrote the book, "Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms"

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jacob s kounin

Jacob S. Kounin

Classroom Management Techniques

who is kounin
Who is Kounin?
  • Kounin is a classroom behaviourist theorist
  • Best known for his two studies done in 1970
  • He wrote the book, "Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms"
  • Kounin worked to combine both discipline and learning in the classroom
  • Kounin believed that organization and planning are key to engaging students
  • This relationship is characterized by proactive teacher behaviour along with student involvement in learning
  • Focuses on preventative discipline: using techniques and strategies to prevent misbehaviours from occurring.
case study
Case Study:
  • Give suggestions of what proactive discipline is
  • Examples of proactive discipline (what does it look like in the classroom?)
achieving classroom management through preventative discipline
Achieving Classroom Management Through Preventative Discipline

Key Ideas:

  • Ripple Effect
  • “Withitness”
  • Overlapping
  • Movement Management
    • Smoothness
    • Momentum
    • Group Focus and Accountability
strategy 1 ripple effect
Strategy 1: Ripple Effect
  • By correcting the misbehaviour of one student it can positively influence the behaviour of another
strategy 2 withitness
Strategy 2: ‘Withitness’
  • Awareness of what is going on in all parts of the classroom
    • Teachers have eyes on the back of their heads!
  • Classroom layout benefits the teachers ability to see all students at all times
strategy 3 overlapping
Strategy 3: Overlapping
  • When teachers can effectively tend to two or more events simultaneously
  • Students are more likely to stay on task if they know that the teacher is aware of what they are doing (body language)
strategy 4 movement management
Strategy 4: Movement Management
  • Smoothness:
    • Smooth transitions between activities
  • Momentum:
    • Appropriate pace and progression through a lesson
  • Group Focus and Accountability:
    • Keep the whole class involved and interested
when managing the classroom try to avoid
When Managing the Classroom, Try to AVOID
  • Dangling:
    • Teacher leaves a topic and introduces new, unrelated material
  • Flip-flop:
    • like dangling, except that the teacher inserts left-over materials from a previous lesson
  • Thrust:
    • teacher forgets to give clear instructions at the appropriate time of a lesson.
    • Teacher must then re-explain the instructions to each student on an individual level
  • Stimulus-bound:
    • Teacher is distracted by an outside stimulus and draws the class’s attention to it
classroom applications
Classroom Applications
  • Be aware of what is happening around the classroom.
  • Intervene before misbehaviours escalate.
  • Use routines, explanations and smooth transitions to gain the attention of the students.
  • Keep all students involved through constant supervision and accountability.
  • Reduce off task behaviour and boredom by creating challenges, extending tasks, providing progress and adding variety.
  • Be able to attend to more than one event at the same time.

Note: Classroom management is most effective when these applications are applied at the beginning of the school year.


Kounin 1970


Jacob Kounin


Kounin, Jacob from WikEd


Learning Environment Article from The Premiere Website for Health and Physical

Education http://www.pecentral.org/climate/april99article.html

Maine Education Association


The Kounin Model from Approaches to Discipline


West Dunbartonshire Council