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ITU-EBU Joint Workshop on Accessibility to Broadcasting and IPTV ACCESS for ALL ( In cooperation with the EU project DTV4All) Geneva, 23 – 24 November 2010. Activities to Improve Accessibility to Broadcasting in Japan. Takayuki ITO, Executive Research Engineer NHK. Situation in Japan.

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Takayuki ITO, Executive Research Engineer NHK


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    1. ITU-EBU Joint Workshop on Accessibility to Broadcasting and IPTV ACCESS for ALL(In cooperation with the EU project DTV4All)Geneva, 23 – 24 November 2010 Activities to Improve Accessibility to Broadcasting in Japan Takayuki ITO, Executive Research Engineer NHK

    2. Situation in Japan • Digitalization of broadcasting(DB) • More pressure for better accessibility to broadcasting • DB receiver has 4 audio, 2 closed caption • Government set a target of services • 100 % programs for closed caption • 10 % programs for audio description • by the end of 2017

    3. Stats of Closed captioning NHK CH1 Target of Gov. 100% programs by the end of 2017 Off-line cap. Drama, documentary, etc. 30% 50% Without caption With caption Live 10% 10% Stenograph Part of new programs, Some live shows Re-speak captioning using speech rec. Sport programs, some live shows Re-speaker

    4. News captioning system with speech recognition • Recognize speech of announcer and reporter • Recognize re-soken speech for interview • Captioning accuracy : 98 % for short news • Accuracy and operating efficiency increase • Spontaneous speech is an issue to solve Direct Captioning correction Speech rec. Announcer Reporter Voice text Re-speak Operator 1~2 Interview 4

    5. Japanese-to-Sign machine translation with CG avatar • Deaf people claim sign language service rather than captioning but … • Sing language interpreter is not easy to find. • Closed service is preferable. broadcast Program Text-to-sign translation station home Broadcast/Internet Sign CG

    6. Audio description service for visually impaired people • Audio description service (AD) 7.6%(2009)  10%(2017) • AD is a kind of radio drama andman-power consuming to create. • Assist system for writing script of AD • detects silent spaces, estimates word count, and adjusts length by speech rate conv. • proposes candidate phrases if electronic script of original program is available.

    7. Information barrier-free for the visually impaired Tactile broadcasting 3D shape/tactile Force feedback display 2Dshape Tactile display for GUI, shape, graph, etc Text Access to digital broadcasting

    8. Speech rate conv. for elderly • Triggered bya letter “Announcers’ speech is too fast to understand.” • Commercialized as TV, radio sets, and interenet service Evaluation experiment

    9. Fast read-out for visually impaired people • Needs for “fast hearing” of electronic text (internet, e-mail, e-book) • Developing a faster (2~4x) and more understandable conversion method • Daisy machine and software Evaluation experiment Experiment in Austria

    10. Needs to convey various information to the home • To fulfill personal needs requires more bandwidth than digital broadcasting. • HybridCast is a new system that convey supplemental information through communication channel to enrich broadcasting programs. • Multi-lingual closed caption and closed sign service are typical examples.

    11. TV-centric hybrid system of broadcast and communication to enrich programs Hybridcast: concept and technology Broadcasting (broadcast, quality, reliability) program Hybridcastreceiver Communication (meet personal request) Broadcast station Additional information Network (cloud) Synchronization CGM, SNS Content control/ delivery

    12. Hybridcast: slow speech service

    13. Hybridcast:Multi-lingual captioning

    14. Conclusion • Technologies of commercializing level • Need a bridge over “the death valley”, a gap between R&D and commercialization. • Overcome the principle of economics • Reduce the operating cost • Technologies of basic research level • Need efficient research • Sharing the results and research collaboration is important. 14

    15. For more info.

    16. Current status of NHK service • Closed caption service: 52.8% • Audio description service: 7.6% • Sign language programs: 1~2%