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Intensive Livestock Farming. Ineke Jansen. Tallinn, March 2007. Ineke Jansen Province of Zeeland, Netherlands Head Environmental Department 220 sites; about 50 IPPC installations 3 on intensive rearing of pigs I.Jansen@zeeland.nl. Content. What animals are we talking about

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slide1

Intensive Livestock Farming

Ineke Jansen

Tallinn, March 2007

slide2
Ineke Jansen
  • Province of Zeeland, Netherlands
  • Head Environmental Department
  • 220 sites; about 50 IPPC installations
  • 3 on intensive rearing of pigs
  • I.Jansen@zeeland.nl
content
Content
  • What animals are we talking about
  • Key environmental issues
  • Animal welfare
  • Whole chain concept
  • How to come to BAT:
    • housing systems
    • landspreading of manure
  • Conclusions
slide4
Poultry:
      • Chicken laying hens and broilers
      • (Turkeys, ducks and Guinea fowls)
  • Pigs:
      • Mating and gestating sows
      • Farrowing sows
      • Weaned piglets
      • Growers/finishers
slide5

= Laying hen

Broilers =

slide6

Mating sow

Gestating sow

Farrowing sow

Weaned piglets

slide7

Grower

Finisher

slide8
Farm activities:
      • Farm management
      • Feeding strategy
      • Rearing of animals: housing systems
      • Collection and storage of manure
      • On-site treatment of manure
      • Landspreading of manure
key environmental issues
Key environmental issues
  • Emissions to:
    • air (ammonia)
    • soil and groundwater (N, P)
  • Energy and water
  • Waste
animal welfare
Animal welfare
  • Water for the animals
  • Housing systems
    • cages versus free range systems for laying hens
    • litter based systems for pigs
    • materials for enrichment for pigs and chickens
    • light, heating/cooling, ventilation, ….
how to come to bat
How to come to BAT
  • How to come from Chapter 4  Chapter 5
    • A tool for the BAT-assessment
    • Reference system (few data + climate conditions)
    • Applied for assessing:
      • housing systems for pigs
      • housing systems for layers and broilers
      • air abatement systems in housings
housing systems pigs
Housing systems; pigs
  • Reduce manure pit
  • Remove manure
  • Flush with liquid part
  • Cool manure surface
  • Use smooth surfaces
housing systems pigs1
Housing systems; pigs
  • The conclusions in Chapter 5:
    • BAT
    • Conditional BAT; odour
    • BAT for systems that are already in place
    • Split view from one Member State
    • Littered systems
housing systems laying hens
Housing systems; laying hens
  • Conventional cage housing:

Ban on new: 2003

Total ban: 2012

housing systems laying hens1
Housing systems; laying hens
  • The conclusions in Chapter 5:
    • Conventional cage housing
      • BAT:
        • quick removal of manure
        • quick removal and drying of manure
      • Conditional BAT
housing systems laying hens2
Housing systems; laying hens
  • The conclusions in Chapter 5:
    • Enriched cage concept is the only alternative
      • BAT assessment not possible
    • Non-cage housing
      • BAT, although higher ammonia and dust emissions
housing systems broilers
Housing systems; broilers
  • Reference: simple closed building with litter; no cage
  • The conclusions in Chapter 5:
    • BAT
    • Conditional BAT; the Combideck system
    • BAT for systems that are already in place
landspreading of slurry
Landspreading of slurry
  • BAT for applying slurry to arable land:
    • Injection
    • Bandspreading + incorporation < 4 hours
landspreading of slurry1
Landspreading of slurry
  • Split view:
    • Bandspreading with / without incorporation
  • Not BAT:
    • Conventional broadcasting
  • No consensus on:
    • Improved broadcasting + incorporation
landspreading of solid manure
Landspreading of solid manure
  • BAT for applying solid manure - from pig and poultry - to arable land:
    • Incorporation < 12 hours
  • Split view on pig and poultry manure:
    • Incorporation < 24 hours
conclusions
Conclusions
  • The TWG reached a high degree of consensus on the BREF document and on the BAT-conclusions
  • Five split views were reported
  • A useful document for the permitwriter
  • The Province of Zeeland is offering you practical help in your permitwriting processes
conclusions1
Conclusions
  • A whole new ‘living’ area for the EIPPCB