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El Verbo “ GUSTAR ” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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El Verbo “ GUSTAR ”. En español gustar significa “ to be pleasing ” In English, the equivalent is “to like”. Por ejemplo:. In English we say: “I like Spanish.” En español decimos: “To me, Spanish is pleasing.”. I like the beach . In English:

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slide1

El Verbo “GUSTAR”

  • En español gustar significa “to be pleasing”
  • In English, the equivalent is “to like”
slide2

Por ejemplo:

  • In English we say: “I like Spanish.”
  • En español decimos: “To me, Spanish
          • is pleasing.”
slide3

I like the beach.

  • In English:
  • “I” is the subject
  • “like” is the verb
  • “the beach” is the direct object
  • En español:
  • “the beach” is the subject
  • “to please” is the verb
  • “me” is the indirect object
slide4

En Español…:

The word order is actually “backwards”:

  • The indirect object comes first: Me
  • Then the verb: gusta
  • Finally the subject of the verb: la playa.
  • Make it negative by adding “no” at the beginning.
slide5

me

te

le

nos

os

les

Who is doing the “liking”?

Indirect Object Pronouns:

slide6

“Gusta” = singular nouns = infinitives

“Gustan” = plural nouns

slide7

Frases de clarificación:

He likes to swim.

She likes to swim.

You like to swim.

“Le gusta nadar.”

They like the beach.

You like the beach.

“Les gusta la playa.”

slide8

Frases de clarificación:

Me = a mí

Te = a ti

Le = a él

a ella

a Ud.

(a Roberto)

(a Lola)

(a tu hermano)

Nos = a nosotros

Os = a vosotros

Les = a ellos

a ellas

a Uds.

(a Roberto y a Luis)

(a Lola y a Carmen)

(a mis amigos)

slide9

Me gusta… / Me gustan…

Te gusta… / Te gustan…

Le gusta… / Le gustan…

Nos gusta… / Nos gustan…

Os gusta… / Os gustan…

Les gusta… / Les gustan…

I like…

You like…

He / she / You like(s)…

We like…

You guys like…

They / you like…

=

slide10

¿Cómo se dice?

“I like coffee.”

Me

gusta

el café.

“Coffee is pleasing to me.”

slide11

¿Cómo se dice?

“You like cars.”

Te

gustan

los coches.

“Cars are pleasing to you.”

slide12

¿Cómo se dice?

“He doesn’t like to dance.”

No le

gusta

bailar.

“To dance is not pleasing to him.”

slide13

¿Cómo se dice?

“We like our teachers.”

nuestros profesores.

Nos

gustan

“Our teachers please us.”

slide14

¿Cómo se dice?

“You (guys) don’t like to go to the movies.”

No os

gusta

ir al cine.

“To go to the movies is not pleasing to you (guys).”

slide15

¿Cómo se dice?

“They like history and spanish.”

la historia y el español.

Les

gustan

“History and Spanish are pleasing to them.”

slide16

¿Cómo se dice en español?

I like to study.

Elena likes to watch television.

We don’t like to do homework.

Carlos and Miguel like cars.

Do you guys like to look at photos?

You like to go shopping, right?

Me gusta estudiar.

(A Elena) le gusta ver la televisión.

No nos gusta hacer la tarea.

(A Carlos y a Miguel) les gustan los coches.

¿Os gusta mirar fotos?

Te gusta ir de compras, ¿verdad?