Lincoln: Host for Refugees The World of Refugees. Marvin Almy, OLLI Member Angela Gunther, Fusion Project. Definitions.
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The World of Refugees
Marvin Almy, OLLI Member
Angela Gunther, Fusion Project
Refugee - Any person who’s outside his or her country of nationality and who’s unable or unwilling to return to that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof must be based on the person’s race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.
Immigrant - A person who voluntarily leaves his/her country to work, study, or live in another country. Immigrants aren’t eligible to receive benefits or services from the Refugee Resettlement Program.
Asylee – A person in the United States or at a port of entry who’s unable or unwilling to return to his or her country of nationality, or to seek the protection of that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution. Persecution or the fear thereof must be based on the person’s race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.
Secondary Migrant - A refugee who has lived in the U.S. for three years or less and has moved to another state.
Amerasian – A person born in Vietnam after January 1, 1962, and before January 1, 1976 and whose father is a U.S. citizen.
Cuban/Haitian Entrant - 1) Cubans who entered illegally or were paroled into the United States between April 15, 1980, and October 10, 1980, and 2) Haitians who entered illegally or were paroled into the country before January 1, 1981.
Victims of Severe Forms of Trafficking - A child victim is a person under 18 who’s been subjected to a severe form of trafficking and an adult victim is a person 18 or over who’s been subjected to a severe form of trafficking and has been certified by Health and Human Services. To receive a certification, an adult must be willing to assist with a trafficking case AND must have made a bona fide application for a T visa or be a person whose continued presence the Attorney General is ensuring to help a prosecution.
A-Number: Alien registration number. An alien registration number is assigned to an alien when s/he enters the United States. The number is shown on the refugee's Form I-94.
United Nations High Commissioner for
Current High Commissioner – Antonio Guterres
Nobel Prizes awarded 1954 and 1981
Protocol 1967 – expanded definition beyond Europe
U.S. is not a signator of the 1951 Convention
Currently 144 nations have signed
Ratified November 1, 1968
United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)
“A person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having
a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.”
-- Article 1 of the Convention as amended by the 1967 Protocol
Category of forced displacementTotal (in mil.)
Refugees under UNHCR mandate 10.5
Refugees under UNRWA mandate 4.7
Total number of refugees 15.2
Conflict-generated IDP’s 26.0
Natural disaster IDP’s 20-25
Total number of IDP’s 46-51.0
Stateless People (estimate) 12.0
IDP = Internally Displaced Person
16 June 2009
2010-11 (Expected Numbers)
747,000 are estimated to be awaiting resettlement this year while only 79,500 places are offered.
(iii) Permanent integration in the country of asylum unknown
1 June 2009
FY 2010 = 79,500 refugees*
Africa = 15,000
East Asia = 17,000
Europe & Central Asia = 2,500
Latin America/Caribbean = 5,000
Near East/South Asia = 35,000
Unallocated Reserve = 5,000
*+ 10,000 Iraqi & Afghani SIV’s
Mission: Founded on the belief that newly arriving populations have inherent capabilities when given opportunities, the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) provides people in need with critical resources to assist them in becoming integrated members of American society.
10 Voluntary Agencies (VOLAG’s) contracted to provide resettlement services
The Refugee Act of 1980 – authorize financial and medical assistance to refugees in the United States. The program is funded completely by federal funds.
The Refugee Resettlement Program (RRP) - provides assistance to
refugees who are not eligible for a categorical program to achieve economic self sufficiency as quickly as possible and to assist with refugees’ financial and medical assistance during their initial resettlement in the U.S.
Catholic Social Services 100 families/year
(Lincoln and Hastings) http://www.cssisus.org/services/social/refugee.html
Lutheran Family Services 150 individuals/year
(Lincoln and Omaha) http://lfsneb.org/community/refugee.asp
Southern Sudan Community Association
Welcomes refugee and assists with housing, employment and education to become self-sufficient.
An Ethnic Self-Help Grant
Lincolnites helping welcome their new refugee neighbors
Funded through a grant from the Office of Refugee Resettlement Ethnic Self-Help Grant, Fusion Project was a 3 year project in Lincoln, Nebraska which began in October 2006.
The purpose was to connect new refugees and their communities with local community resources.
Fusion targeted four refugee ethnic communities: African; Asian; Eastern European and
#1: The refugee communities to work together to share and learn about developing vibrant ethnic communities
#2: Each refugee family to achieve self-sufficiency and social and civic integration into their new country and community
#3: Lincoln’s mainstream community to be better equipped to work with refugees
We strive to welcome all newcomers, assisting them in building the lives they seek through the removal of barriers and the provision of culturally competent support services
Permanent Resident Status