Yael Schwartzman DigitalICS: applications for smallholders’ internal control and certification. Coffee is the second most traded commodity in the world…. However, small rural producers have not seen the benefits: - Market is flooded - Vietnam & Brazil - Small lands
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However, small rural producers have not seen the benefits:
- Market is flooded - Vietnam & Brazil
- Small lands
- Limited financial capacities
- Infrastructural limitations
- Lack of enforceable production standards
- Lack of efficient marketing channels
Coffee producers obtain Third-Party certifications in order to gain a premium for their products, access a niche market and maintain environmental and socialstandards
Cooperatives form Internal Control Systems (ICS) to maintain these certifications.
Evaluators use a web application
Reports are generated automatically
Internal Inspectors use mobile phones
Automate and standardize internal inspection data collection
Reducing by 30% the inspection time
2. Use audio and pictures to document and provide visual and auditive evidence of unacceptable farming practices, recommendations and presence on the parcel
3. Automates data collection and report generation, to help evaluators do their job
Reducing by 71% the evaluation time
4. Uses captured data to create parcel’s visual history and market the produce
Documentation of human rights violationsOther applications
90% of the 400,000 coffee producers in Mexico own less than 2 hectares of land.
In 2001 coffee prices dropped drastically:
Coffee pickers with malnourished children had to beg for food and farmers had to abandon their land or switch to growing drug crops (Economist 2001)
Many coffee farmers lost their lives attempting to migrate illegally into the U.S. in search for work (Dow Jones Newswire 2001)
Certified markets are promising:
Since 2000, TransFair USA has channeled $75 million in additional income to smallholders.
However, coffee farmers have found these premiums insufficient to seek development (Culture and Agriculture 2008)
The USDA’s National Organic Program almost discontinued group organic certification in 2006, when they found a soy producer using pesticides going undetected by his group’s internal control (NOSB-USDA 2007)Need