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“There’s no ‘there’ there.”. Is “there” a noun or an adverb? Laura Blumenthal Douglas College. Adverb. Adverbial usages = at that place, to that place, usually at the end of a sentence or clause: They have a laundromat and a café there. Don’t go there!. Pronoun.

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there s no there there

“There’s no ‘there’ there.”

Is “there” a noun or an adverb?

Laura Blumenthal

Douglas College

adverb
Adverb

Adverbial usages = at that place, to that place, usually at the end of a sentence or clause:

  • They have a laundromat and a café there.
  • Don’t go there!
pronoun
Pronoun

If it’s a pronoun, why doesn’t the verb agree with it, or why doesn’t it change forms?

  • There is a man; there are two women.
  • This is a man; these are two women.  The form of the pronoun must change.
pronoun1
Pronoun

If it’s a pronoun, why doesn’t the verb agree with it, or why doesn’t it change forms?

It works like “what”:

  • What is the answer?
  • What are the reasons?
which is more frequent
Which is more frequent?
  • Pronoun: 47
  • Adverb: 3
  • Source: lextutor.ca
typical student errors
Typical student errors
  • “They went to there”
  • “It was a place where were many people.”

WHY?

interference from l11
Interference from L1

“There is a library there.”

(Translate into a language you know.)

interference from l12
Interference from L1

Spanish: Hayunabibliotecaahí. = It has a library there.

French: Il y aunebibliothèquelà-bas. = It has there a library down there.

German: EsgibteineBibliothekdort. = It gives a library there.

Turkish: Şuradakütüphanevar. = At there library exists.

Japanese: Asokonitoshokan-gaarimasu. = That place-in library (nominative) exists.

Mandarin: Nàlǐyǒuyīgètúshūguǎn. = That place there is a library.

Korean: Do suh guan enjugi e yo. = Library is at place.

Arabic: Tuwjadmaktabahunak = There is library there.

resources1
Resources

A. Learners’ dictionaries

resources2
Resources

A. Learners’ dictionaries

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 7th Edition (2005)

Adverb only!

resources3
Resources

A. Learners’ dictionaries

  • Oxford ESL Dictionary (2004)
  • Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, Advanced, 5th Edition (2009)

Pronoun and Adverb

resources4
Resources

B. Grammar textbooks for learners

resources5
Resources

B. Grammar textbooks for learners

Only “there is/are” without identifying

the P.O.S.

resources6
Resources

C. Websites

resources7
Resources

C. Website – jackpot!

Thereis a glass there, where the first there is a pronoun (the so-called \'existential there\') and the other there is an adverb.– FumbleFingersNov 20 \'13 at 4:11

http://english.stackexchange.com/questions/138413/how-to-know-what-part-of-speech-is-there-in-some-cases

resources8
Resources

D. Grammar textbooks for teachers

  • Parrott, M. (2010) Grammar for English Language Teachers (2nded). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Celce-Murcia, M. (1983) The Grammar Book: An ESL/EFL Teacher\'s Course. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
resources9
Resources

D. Grammar textbooks for teachers

  • “there is/are” – explained as “dummy”subject
  • confusion with the other there – not mentioned in Parrott
  • “non-referential” - contrasted in Celce-Murcia
concordance worksheet
Concordance worksheet

Your task:

  • Identify the different types of usages.
  • Decide with your partner what to call each different type.

(50-instance Brown concordance, on lextutor.ca)

concordance worksheet my results
Concordance worksheetMy results:

Adverb: 3

there is (in various tenses + negative)

  • there is: 10
  • there are: 5
  • there was: 7
  • there wasn’t: 1
  • there were: 2
  • there has been: 5
  • there has not been: 1
  • there will be: 2
  • there’s not: 1

NOTE: there [BE] no 11!

variations on there is: 22

  • + adverb
    • there also is
    • there certainly was not
  • Hedging
    • there may be
    • there seemed to be
    • there should be
    • Should there be …?
    • there would be
  • Other:
    • there existed
implications for teaching
Implications(for teaching)

Teach both – contrast them.

RE-introduce “there” = pronoun, when introducing

  • a structure that it goes with, or
  • a function such as hedging
implications for teaching1
Implications(for teaching)

Include it in exercises about

  • modals (there will be, there would be),
  • past tense modals (there could have been, there must have been)
  • hedging(there seems to be, there are evidently, there could be, there is evidence of)
implications for teaching2
Implications(for teaching)

Don’t forget question formation:

  • Will there be?
  • Would there be?
  • Could there have been?
  • Does there seem to be [hard!]?
  • Are there evidently [awkward]?
thank you
Thank you!

With special thanks to my language support:

  • Yoriko Gillard
  • Haisen (Edwin) Zhang
  • Eun-Yu (David) Kim
  • Huda Al-Tayar
  • AmalAyyash

Laura Blumenthal ([email protected])

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