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The Road to English. NABE 2006 Phoenix, Arizona Norm Gold Sacramento, California [email protected] Silence is the enemy of education. Talk with your children!. Goal :. Improve the learning and acquisition of English. Objectives Participants will:.

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the road to english

The Road to English

NABE 2006

Phoenix, Arizona

Norm Gold

Sacramento, California

[email protected]

silence is the enemy of education
Silence is the enemy of education.

Talk with your children!


Improve the learning and

acquisition of English

objectives participants will
ObjectivesParticipants will:
  • Increase understanding of what is a language.
  • Understand the dimensions of the English language.
  • Be motivated to use daily activities that promote full proficiency in English.
  • Become familiar with resources they can use to help with the education of their children.
  • LEP Students or English Learners (ELs)
    • Alumnos aprendices de inglés
  • Language: What is it? exercise
  • Acquisition of a language
  • Activities that promote acquisition
  • Questions
  • Evaluation
exercise what is language
Exercise What is language?
  • Think - Write
  • Discuss in pairs
  • Share
who are lep students in the usa
Who are LEP Students* in the USA?
  • 5 million LEP in US, 1.6 million in California, and 144,000 in Arizona, for example.
  • They lack full proficiency in English.
  • 84% of LEP in California speak Spanish.
  • They are 25 percent of all enrollment in California schools.

- - - - - - - - -

* English learners (ELs)

english is needed for
English is needed for:
  • Jobs
  • Technical training
  • University education
  • Complete participation in this democracy
why study
Why study?
  • Personal advantages
  • Social advantages
  • An enormous increase in wealth:
    • Lifetime income increases one million dollars

with a university degree.

    • Many good non-university careers require higher education: contractor, supervisor of construction workers, etc.
there are resources for study
There are resources for study:
  • In 2003 there was a total of $7.345 billion per year available in grants and loans.
  • Just in California:
    • $ 662 million were available
    • Contact: California Student Aid Commission
    • Grants up to $9,700 per year
  • What is language? What does it mean:
    • to KNOW a language?
  • What is ELD? (ELD = English language development)
  • Learn vs. acquire a language
  • Standards for ELD  ELA
  • How to ensure that there are optimal conditions to promote acquisition of English.
dimensions of a language
Dimensions of a language
  • BICS– Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills
      • Examples
  • CALP – Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency
      • Examples
complete proficiency in english requires much effort
Complete proficiency in English requires much effort:
  • Student must master BICS and CALP.
  • Upon enrollment in school (at the age of 5), an English speaker understands about 13,000 words and uses between 6,000 and 10,000 words.

… this is similar to the vocabulary of speakers of other languages.

english requires much
...English requires much...
  • Normal growth in language includes acquisition of between 2,000 and 3,000 words per year.
  • A High School graduatecontrols about 40,000 words.
  • Teachers can directly provide between 300 – 400 words per year.
    • And the rest, where does it come from?
    • Direct teaching/learning provides only about 13 % of the total needed (400 X 13 years = 5,200).
what we don t learn is school we acquire from
What we don’t learn is school we acquire from:
  • Interactions with others
    • speaking
  • Interactions with text
    • reading
but a language is much more than just the words
But a language is much more than just the words!
  • 5 components:
    • comprehension, vocabulary, fluency, pronunciation, grammar
  • 4 aspects:
    • listen, speak, read, write
it also includes
It also includes…
  • Linguistic competencies:
    • grammatical, sociolinguistic, conversational, strategic
  • Abilities to use:
    • Notions and functions: authentic use of the language
for language development you need both
For language development you need both:
  • Acquisition
    • By means of conversation and reading
  • And Learning
    • Through formal study
eld standards
ELD Standards
  • Precursor or on-ramp to reach the ELA (English language arts) standards.
  • Form the base for the CELDT
    • California English Language Development Test
celdt combined with tests of the use of english should guide strategies for
CELDT, combined with tests of the use of English should guide strategies for:
  • ELD instruction
  • Content instruction (language and literature, mathematics, sciences, etc.), using:
      • SDAIE - Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English
      • Native language
      • Mainstream instruction
eld and ela english language and literature
ELD and ELAEnglishLanguage and literature





EarlyAdvanced ______________________________________________________________________________

Reclassified FEP} 





Early Intermediate


Far Below Basic



parents can
Parents can:
  • Talk with our children
  • Tell them stories
  • Relate family history
  • Sing
  • Read stories
    • Our child can read to us...
we can also
...we can also:
  • Share
    • poems, rhymes
    • riddles
    • jokes
  • Ask about what they are doing in school
  • Ask open-ended questions

-- examples

  • Give chores at home and talk with them about details of the work:
    • Teach how to wash clothes, how to fix a toy, beat an egg, prepare the batter for tortillas, how to toast bread, etc..
  • Play board games and SPEAK about what we are doing, how, and why…
    • Examples: checkers, dice games, dominoes etc.
    • Do you have other examples?
Ask that our children teach us at least ONE new word in English every day.
  • TALK about a program on television, examining details of time, plot, characters, and reasons for action or conflict.
when we talk with our children
When we talk with our children:
  • We communicate love and affection.
  • We develop their intellectual and linguistic capacities.
  • We guide them toward a productive life.
  • We fulfill our responsibility to be our children’s first teacher.
schools should ensure an optimal environment for language acquisition
Schools should ensure an optimal environment for language acquisition
  • Clearly understandable course designs.
  • Rigorous courses that are monitored and implemented with consistency.
  • Programs where language proficiency and academic needs of the students guide instruction.
Frequent use of data and results of tests.
  • A total commitment of the school district and all school staff to language development.
talk with your children
Talk with your children!

Silence is the enemy

of education.

the road to english is long and difficult
The road to English is long and difficult
  • We must make an effort.
  • It requires much time.
  • The time passes better, when we talk.
  • There are many benefits.
  • Questions
  • Evaluation
    • National Clearnighouse for English Language Acquistiion and Language Instruction

  • Brochures of the Parent Institute (Fairfax Station, VA): [English and Spanish]
    • Lo que los padres pueden hacer en el hogar para ayudar a los estudiantes con…
      • El vocabulario, La escritura, La lectura
  • FAFSA en español
    • Financial aide for higher education

  • META – Multicultural Education Training and Advocacy
    • Office (415) 546 – 6382, FAX: (415) 546 – 6363
  • PIQUE – Parent Institute for Quality Education
    • Office (858) 483-4499, FAX (858) 483-4646
for more information
For more information

Norm Gold Associates

Sacramento, CA 95819

Many thanks to:

Parents, teachers and administrators in:

Desert Sands USD, Hayward USD, Newport-Mesa USD, Parlier USD, Sacramento City USD, Santa Ana USD, West Contra Costa USD.

California Department of Education, English Learner Accountability Unit


Norm Gold • [email protected] • (916) 731-4734

The kids will persevere and

they will succeed!

Many thanks !