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Negation. f rançais un. Chauffe-tête. Before we learn what ‘ negation ’ is , we need to be sure we know the answers to the following questions. What are the subject pronouns in French? What does « -er » mean at the end of a verb ?

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negation

Negation

français un

chauffe t te
Chauffe-tête

Beforewelearnwhat ‘negation’ is, weneed to be sure we know the answers to the following questions.

  • What are the subjectpronouns in French?
  • Whatdoes « -er » meanat the end of a verb?
  • Whatendings do you replace « -er » with for eachsubjectpronoun?
  • Whatdoes ‘aller’ mean and how do weconjugateit?
what does er mean at the end of a verb
Whatdoes « -er » meanat the end of a verb?
  • ‘-er’ (and ‘-ir’ and ‘-re’) mean the word TO in English. It must beremovedfrom a verb in a processcalledconjugation.
  • Weusually have to getrid of the word ‘to’ or else the phrase soundsfunny. For example, itis correct to say ‘I speak French’ and not ‘I TO speak French’
negation the way in which we say that we do not insert a verb here
Negation : the way in which we say that we DO NOT (insert a verb here)
  • We do this in English, too! For instance:
    • I do not like homework.
    • We do not havetime.
    • You all do not carefor any other class besides Madame Burse’s 
  • We use two words- do not- to negate(make negative) our sentences!
  • Notice: we put do not IN FRONT OF the verb
ne pas in french do not in english
Ne . . . pas in French = do not (___) in English
  • Notice that it is ne…pas: the ellipse (those . . . ) are separating the ne and the pas. In between the ellipse is where the conjugated verb goes
  • Ne (inserted conjugated verb) pas = do not (verb)
  • Remember, conjugated means the verb matches the SUBJECT (like the subject pronouns je/tu/il/elle/nous/vous/ils/ells)
example
Example:

You like to dance = Tuaimesdanser.

(remember, “er” at the end means “to”!)

Let’s make it negative, “you don’t like to dance”; ne and pas surround the verb!!

Tu aimes danser BECOMES: Tu n’aimes pas danser

NOTICE !NE became n’ because in French two vowels CANNOT be next to each other !

pratiquez partie 1
Pratiquez, partie 1:

Change these phrases into the negative by placingne and pas in the correct place. ‘Volunteers’ willbegivenpens to go up to board an write the new sentence.

  • Je parle français / I speak French
  • Nous étudions le japonais / WestudyJapanese
  • Miley Cyrus habite sur la planète Mars / M.C. lives on Mars
  • Vous détestez les devoirs / Y’all hatehomework
  • Elle partage les frites / Sheshares the fries
  • Il mange les insectes / He eats bugs
  • Tu joues les jeux vidéo toute la nuit / You playvideogames all night
  • Elles marchent au grand magasin / Theywalk to the mall
  • Ils dansent avec leurs mamans / They dance withtheirmoms
pratiquez partie 2
Pratiquez, partie 2:

Use yourknowledge of the verballer and your new skill of usingne and pas to talk about where the followingpronounsdo not go:

Subjectpronoun: + aller + place

  • Je
  • Tu
  • Il
  • Elle
  • Nous
  • Vous
  • Ils
  • Elles

…à la plage.

…au supermarché.

…aux montagnes.

…à la bibliothèque.

…au jardin.

…aux casiers

…à la cité.

…au grand magasin.

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