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Hurricane Katrina LOGISTICS RESPONSE. Logistics Response. Magnitude Situational awareness Continuity of government operations Mass evacuation operations Security issues Hotels, cruise ships as shelter We had Hurricane “Pam”. What Made Katrina Different?.

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Hurricane Katrina

LOGISTICS RESPONSE



What made katrina different

Magnitude

Situational awareness

Continuity of government operations

Mass evacuation operations

Security issues

Hotels, cruise ships as shelter

We had Hurricane “Pam”

What Made Katrina Different?


The katrina dilemma

In this disaster, we did more than we ever did before, and did it faster

Truckloads of commodities

Rescues

Patients treated

Travel trailers set up

But we also had more unmet needs than in any disaster before

The Katrina Dilemma


Commodities distributed

Truck Loads did it fasterUnits

Water 9,200 166 million liters (still supporting)

Ice 7,400 297 million lbs

MRE’s 2,375 52 million meals

Other 3,660 (cots, tarps and plastic sheeting, etc.)

Total 22,635

Commodities Distributed


Generators used

Generators up to 125KW 252 did it faster

Generators 126KW to 5.2MW 80

Total Generators 332

Generators Used


Base camp status

Base Camps for Response/Recovery Workers did it faster

Total Camps 40 (24,440 beds)

Camps Closed 36 (20,690 beds)

Current Camps 4 (3,750 beds)

Base Camp Status


Facilities built and supported

Location did it fasterNumber

JFO’s/AFO’s/Other Field Offices 15

Disaster Recovery Centers 57

Long Term Recovery Offices 18

Warehouses 9

Staging Areas 4

Total 103

Facilities Built and Supported


What we learned

What We Learned did it faster


Lack of situational awareness
Lack of Situational Awareness did it faster

  • Problems

    • Equipment

    • People

    • Shared processes


Staffing issues
Staffing Issues did it faster

  • We are stretched very thin on capable, experienced staff

  • Most federal response team members are not primarily employed in response operations

  • For example, in the critical early response, FEMA could not adequately sustain 24-hour ERT operations

  • Policies inhibited a rapid buildup of federal personnel


Logistics staffing issues
Logistics Staffing Issues did it faster

Severe Logistics Staffing Shortfalls

  • NDMS / US&R IMT support

  • DMORT Task Force Log staffing never did get fixed

  • JFO Logistics staffing critical from day one to now

  • All entities competing for same scarce staffing resources


Fed state local relationships

The local governments nearly collapsed did it faster

Need to prepare for Continuity of Government support in future disasters (e.g., Civil Affairs specialists)

“Pull” versus “push”. Stafford Act versus ICS

Need to strengthen emergency management capability at the State and local level

People

Training

Need buy-in

Loans instead of grants would create more fiscal responsibility

Fed/State/Local Relationships


Logistics issues
Logistics Issues did it faster

  • Fuel shortages

  • Oxygen shortages

  • Need pre-negotiated contracts

  • Need to pre-stage commodities, even in the impact zone

  • Lack of credit cards, warrant capability in the field


Logistics action items
Logistics Action Items did it faster

  • Need to do better next time

    • Coordinate, Coordinate, Coordinate!

    • Reduce/eliminate duplication of effort and resources

    • Training – need an accreditation process (ex: red cards)

    • Remember that we fight as we train

    • Coordinate, Coordinate, Coordinate!


Logistics initiatives for 2006

Interagency Agreement with the Defense Logistics Agency did it faster

National Stand-By Contracts

Oxygen Supplier

Equipment Rental Services

Material Handling Equipment

Forklifts

Pallet Jacks

Propane

Total Asset Visibility – Phase I

Base Camps

Strategic Positioning

Pre-Positioned Equipment (PEP) Program

Training Courses – Joint Mobilization Center / Federal Operating Staging Area

Logistics Initiatives for 2006


Ndms and us r field replenishment and re supply

Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) / Defense Supply Center Philadelphia (DSCP) and FEMA

Online Ordering from prime vendors

Use of Electronic Catalog (ECAT) system for total catalog / total delivered price system

DLA/DSCP Acquisition services

Able to deliver to FEMA Logistics Centers or direct to field sites

Purchase Cards

FEMA Acquisitions Contracting Officers with single purchase limits to support MST/IST

Select NDMS Logistics Chiefs with purchase cards to support local purchases under $2500

Additional National Standby Contracts

Oxygen Supplier

Equipment Rental Services

NDMS and US&R Field Replenishment and Re-Supply


Total asset visibility

Total Asset Visibility Phase I for Hurricane Season 2006 Philadelphia (DSCP) and FEMA

Phase I: the ability to inventory and track certain commodities with GPS satellite tracking devices, “trading partners management” and “warehouse management” software systems, in Regions IV and VI.

A bridge contract for technical support to FEMA for the remainder of calendar year 2006.

Total Asset Visibility


Tav phase i
TAV Phase I Philadelphia (DSCP) and FEMA


Thank you
Thank you. Philadelphia (DSCP) and FEMA


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