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Benefits:. Increased server utilization Reduced IT TCO Improved IT agility. Advantages:. High performances Affordable, low cost solution Robust and easy to use Easy to deploy Simple management and implementation of virtual machine

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Benefits:

  • Increased server utilization

  • Reduced IT TCO

  • Improved IT agility


Advantages:

  • High performances

  • Affordable, low cost solution

  • Robust and easy to use

  • Easy to deploy

  • Simple management and implementation of virtual machine

  • Multi-os support enables windows and Linux virtual machines

  • Board industry support amongst leading manufacturer including IBM, INTEL, HP

  • Wider local storage support

  • Deep hardware virtualization integration


Xen-Domain0

Xen-DomainU

Guest OS

Host OS

PinTool

CodeCache

2

Engine

PinOS

I/O

Xen Virtual Machine Monitor (VMM)

1

H a r d w a r e

To run PinOS between guest and hardware: Use Xen

Virtualize and present a fake processor to the guest OS

1

2

XEN architecture


Processor architecture

  • Table 2.3 Xen Features by CPU Architecture

  • x86 x86 x64

  • Feature (no PAE) (with PAE) (x86_64) IA-64 POWERPC

  • Privileged Domains X X X X X

  • Guest Domains X X X X X

  • SMP Guests X X X X

  • Save/Restore/Migrate X X X X

  • More than 4GB RAM X X X X

  • Progressive PV X X X X X

  • Driver Domains X X X


Paravirtualization

  • Table 2.4 Paravirtualization Requirements and Considerations

  • Item Type item Requirements or special Consideration

  • Memory Management Segmentation Cannot insert privileged segment descrip-

  • tors and cannot overlap with the top end

  • of the linear address space.

  • Paging Guest operating system has direct read

  • access to hardware-level page tables,

  • updates are batched or performed indi-

  • vidually and validated by the hypervisor.

  • CPU Protection The guest operating system must run at a

  • more restricted privilege level than Xen—

  • in other words, it cannot run in Ring-0.

  • Exceptions The guest operating system must register

  • a table for exception trap handlers.


Continued…

  • System calls The guest operating system may install a

  • handler for system calls, allowing direct

  • calls from an application or the operating

  • system itself. Some of these calls do not

  • need to be handled directly by Xen.

  • Interrupts Hardware interrupts are replaced with a

  • notification event mechanism.

  • Time The guest operating system must be

  • aware

  • Device I/O Network Virtual devices are simple to access. Data

  • and Disk is transferred using asynchronous I/O

  • rings, and interrupt-like communication

  • to the guest operating system is handled

  • through event notifications.


Xen domains


virtualization

  • CPU

    • Cpu virtualization

    • Cpu scheduling

    • Time

  • Memory management

    • Memory allocation

    • Paging and segmentation

    • Virtual address translation

  • I/o virtualization

    • Device i/o ring

    • Event channels

    • Virtual i/o devices and split device driver

    • Software and hardware iommu


Creating virtual machine

  • Using a template file

  • Installing from a CD or an ISO image onto a XEN virtual machine (windows 2003 and windows xp only)

  • Installing from vendor media onto a network installation server directly onto a XEN vm

  • Performing a physical to virtual convertion on an existing server

  • Cloning an existing VM

  • Importing an existing exported XEN VM


Installing XEN VM using template


Installing windows on a XEN VM


The new windows XEN VM ready to use


Installing Linux from network installed server to XEN VM


Cloning virtual machines


Importing an exported XEN VM


Using administrator console


Graphical and text console


Text console


Life cycle operation


Suspending and resuming VM


Performance monitoring


conclusion

  • Great performances with minimal overhead

  • Hardware virtualization extension

  • Easy to use, robust and affordable

  • Benefits of server utilization


REFERENCES

  • www.xensource.com

  • www.wikipedia.org

  • www.xenenterprise.com

  • www.xenserver.com

  • www.gosephtechnologies.com

  • Linux for U


  • THANK YOU…


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