Parkinson s law
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 16

Parkinson’s Law PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 130 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Parkinson’s Law. Workers adjust their pace to the work available (If there’s less work, they’ll work more slowly…). Intended Message Perceived Message. Barriers to communication. Prior expectations ; different starting points (prior knowledge / experience ) Inaccurate inferences

Download Presentation

Parkinson’s Law

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Parkinson s law

Parkinson’s Law

Workers adjust their pace to the work available

(If there’s less work, they’ll work more slowly…)


Intended message perceived message

Intended MessagePerceived Message


Barriers to communication

Barriers to communication

  • Prior expectations; different starting points (prior knowledge/experience)

  • Inaccurate inferences

  • Differing perceptions of words

  • Conflicting information

  • Noise

    • physical

    • emotional


Barriers to communication1

Barriers to communication

  • Forgetfulness

  • Information overload

  • Haste in prepping message

  • Ignoring nonverbal cues

  • Close-mindedness; intolerance

  • Poor listening habits

  • Learning philosophy: “Ways of Knowing”


Ways of knowing

Ways of Knowing

  • Received knowers

  • Subjective knowers

  • Procedural knowers

  • Constructed knowers


Received knowers

Received Knowers

“Knowers who depend on listening and external authority for knowledge…”

  • rote-mode learning

  • learn from experts

  • information is right or wrong


Subjective knowers

Subjective Knowers

“Knowers who depend entirely on internal resources for valuing and knowing…”

  • experiential learning

  • knowledge is personal and private

  • feelings are important

  • often reject “expert” authority


Procedural knowers

Procedural Knowers

“Knowers who obtain knowledge by applying objective, logical, rational procedures…”

  • need to see evidence

  • reason and common sense valued highly

  • knowledge is impersonal

  • experts only as good as their arguments


Constructed knowers

Constructed Knowers

“Knowers who construct their own meaning. Knowledge is contextual; subjective and objective ways of knowing are integrated…”

  • complex, balanced approach

  • knowledge is constructed

  • value and integrate expert advice, feelings, personal experience, reason


Improving communication as senders

Improving Communication as Senders

  • Know the audience

  • Adjust message to their prior knowledge, experience, readiness, literacy

  • Adjust to their way of knowing

    • establish expertise

    • provide hands-on activities

    • provide relevant examples

    • show logic

  • Personalize message


Improving communication as senders1

Improving Communication as Senders

  • Test: formative evaluation

  • Proofread!!

  • Get someone else to proofread!

    • Spellcheck, but don’t rely on spellcheck

      “The demonstrators were attached by vicious policy dogs…”


Parkinson s law

“I have a spelling checker,It came with my PC;It plainly marks four my revueMistakes I cannot sea.I’ve run this poem threw it,I’m sure your please too no,Its letter perfect in it’s weight,My checker tolled me sew.--Author unknownSource: Hope Health Letter, Sept. 1992


Writing for low literate readers

Writing for Low Literate Readers

  • Carefully craft your sentences, paragraphs

    • use simple words

    • active, not passive voice

    • be positive, not negative

    • use organizing strategies: headings, grouped information, highlighted info


Writing for low literate readers1

Writing for Low Literate Readers

  • Watch your style

    • useful pictures

    • NOT ALL CAPS

    • use text and white space purposefully

  • Stick to what is important

    • be concrete, not abstract

    • give examples


Use of space

Use of Space


Active learning

Active Learning

Actual experience

Simulations, role-playing

90% of say & do

Evaluate, analyze, create, design

Give a talk

Discussion participation

70% of say

See demo

Field trip, exhibits, videos

50% of hear & see

Demonstrate, apply, practice

View charts,

photos

30% of see

Hear

Define, describe, list, explain

20% of hear

Read

10% of read

T 16-1, p. 523


  • Login