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Atheism. St Marks Discipleship Class. Agenda. Overview and History of Atheism Types of Atheists 3 Proofs why God must exist Reliabilty of the Bible Practical Atheist – ME Conversation with a Professor Conclusion. Overview and History. What is Atheism A/theism = no god

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St Marks Discipleship Class


  • Overview and History of Atheism

  • Types of Atheists

  • 3 Proofs why God must exist

  • Reliabilty of the Bible

  • Practical Atheist – ME

  • Conversation with a Professor

  • Conclusion

Overview and history
Overview and History

  • What is Atheism

    • A/theism = no god

    • The lack of a belief in God and/or the belief that there is no God

    • A 2004 BBC poll showed the number of people in the US who don't believe in a god to be about 10%

    • A 2009 study reported that two thirds of teenagers in the UK do not believe in God (5 Million)

The 6 types of atheists
The 6 Types of Atheists

Two researchers at University of Tennessee at Chattanooga found that atheists and agnostics run the range from vocally anti-religious activists to nonbelievers who still observe some religious traditions.

  • Silver and Coleman derived their six types of nonbelievers from 59 interviews

The 6 types of atheists1
The 6 Types of Atheists

1) Intellectual atheist/agnostic

  • This type of nonbeliever seeks information and intellectual stimulation about atheism.

  • They like debating and arguing, particularly on popular Internet sites.

  • They're also well-versed in books and articles about religion and atheism, and prone to citing those works frequently.

The 6 types of atheists2
The 6 Types of Atheists

2) Activist

  • These kinds of atheists and agnostics are not content with just disbelieving in God; they want to tell others why they reject religion and why society would be better off if we all did likewise.

  • They tend to be vocal about political causes like gay rights, feminism, the environment and the care of animals.

The 6 types of atheists3
The 6 Types of Atheists

3) Seeker-agnostic

  • This group is made up of people who are unsure about the existence of a God but keep an open mind and recognize the limits of human knowledge and experience.

  • Silver and Coleman describe this group as people who regularly question their own beliefs and “do not hold a firm ideological position.”

  • That doesn't mean this group is confused, the researchers say. They just embrace uncertainty.

The 6 types of atheists4
The 6 Types of Atheists

4) Anti-theist

  • This group regularly speaks out against religion and religious beliefs

  • “Anti-theists view religion as ignorance and see any individual or institution associated with it as backward and socially detrimental.

  • The researchers wrote. “The Anti-Theist has a clear and – in their view, superior – understanding of the limitations and danger of religions.”

  • Anti-theists are outspoken, devoted and at times confrontational about their disbelief.

The 6 types of atheists5
The 6 Types of Atheists

5) Non-theist

  • The smallest group among the six are the non-theists, people who do not involve themselves with either religion or anti-religion.

  • In many cases, this comes across as apathy or disinterest.

  • “A Non-Theist simply does not concern him or herself with religion,” Silver and Coleman wrote. “Religion plays no role or issue in one’s consciousness or worldview; nor does a Non- Theist have concern for the atheist or agnostic movement.”

  • They continue: “They simply do not believe, and in the same right, their absence of faith means the absence of anything religion in any form from their mental space.”

The 6 types of atheists6
The 6 Types of Atheists

6) Ritual atheist

  • They don't believe in God, they don’t associate with religion, and they tend to believe there is no afterlife, still finds useful the teachings of some religious traditions.

  • Silver and Coleman wrote. “For example, these individuals may participate in specific rituals, ceremonies, musical opportunities, meditation, yoga classes, or holiday traditions.”

  • For many of these nonbelievers, their adherence to ritual may stem from family traditions.

Fundamental atheist beliefs
Fundamental Atheist Beliefs

  • There is no God or devil

  • There is no such thing as a sin

  • Evolution is a scientific fact

  • God didn’t create people, people created God

  • Ethics and morals are relative

    • What do you guys think can there be Godless morals and ethics?

  • Atheists have a very limited scope of knowledge since they only accept things, which they can see with their eyes.

Why do i care
Why do I care?

  • You will encounter Atheists in your lifetime, how will you approach them? What would you do if they approached you?

  • Your main goal in this encounter is to prove to others the reality of the existence of God, but how? Can you use the Bible?

  • Every Orthodox Christian must be ready to answer anyone who asks you the hope of your faith…that includes you!!

Proof 1 of the existence of god
Proof 1 of the Existence of God

Cosmological Argument

  • This is an argument for the existence of a First cause..meaning – everything in the universe has a cause

  • For every existence there must be a cause and the Cosmos exists, there for where did it come from? Nothing?

    • Example – If I punch the wall, and I start bleeding..what caused the bleeding?

  • This means there had to be a FIRST cause, something can not come out of nothing

Proof 2 of the existence of god
Proof 2 of the Existence of God

Theological Argument (Argument from Design)

  • This describes the accuracy and precision of the creation

  • For example – if I tell you this building was built by chance, the walls, the chairs, the carpet, it just happened..what would you say?

    • There is a builder behind this building b/c of it’s detail and accuracy

  • Same things with the laws of physics..any adjustments of the following would severely destruct human life:

    • The Oxygen, perfect level

    • Force of Gravity, perfect measure

    • The distance of the sun, perfect distance

    • The size of the universe, perfect size..There had to be an intelligent designer

  • Earth is constructed in such an intelligent way for human life, that we are able to survive here

Proof 3 of the existence of god
Proof 3 of the Existence of God

Argument of Moral Law

  • If there is a Moral Law, there has to be a Moral Law Giver

  • Where did this universal sense of right and wrong come from?

  • There is a law inscribed in our conscious without a written law..our conscious tells us this..

    • Murder is wrong, without anyone telling you that it’s against our religion..where did this feeling come from? Where did you get this idea from? There had to be an origin.

    • This is why we have a guilty feeling after we commit sins

  • You can’t prove morals in a lab

Proof 3 on the existence of god
Proof 3 on the Existence of God

  • “As an atheist, my argument against God was that the universe seemed so cruel and unjust. But how had I got this idea of just and unjust? A man does not call a line crooked unless he has some idea of a straight line. What was I comparing the universe with when I called it unjust?”- C.S. Lewis

The reliability of the bible
The Reliability of the Bible

  • M.A.P.S.

  • Manuscripts

    • Norman Geisler stated, “The New Testament has more manuscripts, earlier manuscripts, and more accurately copied manuscripts than any other book from the ancient world!”

    • Over 5700 manscripts thats 30-300 AD

  • Archeology

    • “Thousands of archaeological discoveries have confirmed aspects of the Bible either explicitly or implicitly without contradiction.

    • Over 30 people in the New Testament have been cited by non-Christian writers through historical documents and/or confirmed by archaeological research.

The reliability of the bible1
The Reliability of the Bible

  • M.A.P.S.

  • Prophecy

    • “It is unlikely that all these events would have converged in the life of one man.

    • Mathematicians have calculated the probability of sixteen predictions being fulfilled in one man at 1 in 1045.

    • That forty-eight predictions might meet in one person, the probability is 1 in 10157. That is one in ten with 157 zeroes attached.

  • Science

  • Isaiah 40:22 - “It is He who sits above the circle of the earth, and its inhabitants are like grasshoppers, Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain, and spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.”

  • Yet, in the Middle Ages, they still believed the earth was flat…

Practical atheists
Practical Atheists

  • We sometimes, believe it or not, can be compared to an Atheist

    • Spiritually, I believe in God. But practically, I live as if He doesn’t exist.

    • How is this different from an Atheist?

  • Are we who we say we are? Christians?

    • “but as He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct, because it is written, “Be holy, for I am holy.” 1 Peter 1:15-16

    • They profess to know God, but in works they deny Him, being abominable, disobedient, and disqualified for every good work. Titus 1:16

    • You believe that there is one God. You do well. Even the demons believe—and tremble! Jam 2:19

  • Yes, this is hard..but ask yourself what is it you believe in? Which God will you worship?

Conversation with professor
Conversation with Professor

  • A Convo with Professor


  • Atheism is prevalent in the world and you will meet several atheists in your lifetime

  • The existence of God is very clear and can be proven with or without the Bible

  • The Bible is accurate in all its ways

  • Doubting is a healthy action that requires follow up

  • We too, can be practical atheists and we need to watch for this

  • “The fool has said in his heart, ‘There is no God’”-Psalm 14:1

Quotes about atheism
Quotes about Atheism

  • “Atheists express their rage against God although in their view He does not exist.” CSL

  • “A creature revolting again a creator is revolting again the source of his own powers—including even his power to revolt…it is like the scent of a flower trying to destroy the flower.”CSL

  • “I believe in God as I believe that the Sun has risen not only because I see it, but because by it I see everything else.” CSL