Sustainable tourism Development week 6 Cambridge model Stem system tourism satellite accounts interactive planning systems and processes. Why measure economic impact at local level?.
There are two main options for carrying out studies:
The method used is a spreadsheet model with menu-driven approach. In its basic form, it comprises two stages detailed below.
Regional data is gathered from the UK Tourism Survey, the International Passenger Survey and the United Kingdom Day Visits Survey. To achieve local estimates, drivers such as known local accommodation stock, estimates of local residential population, visitor attraction performance data and other survey information are used.
The model estimates employment using the data collected, internal business data and estimates of spending by different visitor groups. Using multipliers and adjustments, an estimate of indirect and induced jobs completes the picture.
Outputs include estimates of:
The Scarborough Tourism Economic Activity Monitor (STEAM) provides an indicative base of the local economic impact of tourism (from both staying and day visitors) for monitoring trends
The method used is a spreadsheet model that uses values, relationships and equations from local input data. As a minimum, implementation of STEAM within an area depends on the following inputs:
The STEAM report provides commentary, annual and month-by-month numeric outputs for the years of study and comparison with previous study information, including:
STEAM costs more than Cambridge but it delivers more. Provided that a local authority works with the STEAM team to develop its supply-side database and collaborates with local businesses, especially over the vital survey of local occupancy usage, the statistical variations in which directly influence estimates of demand, the data it produces will be acceptably reliable and capable of comparison over time and between areas.
Statistical information on the nature, progress and consequences of tourism is on a whole scanty and incomplete
This situation deprives governments, businesses and citizens of trustworthy information necessary for effective public policies and efficient business operations
Satellite accounts is a term developed by the UN to measure the sze of economic sectors that are not included in their own rights in national accounts
A tourism satellite account runs alongside national accounts, drawing from each sector that has a tourism component without distributing the totals. It results in figures that measure tourism’s true contribution to GDP
Specifically , a country’s TSA can provide valid and reliable estimates of the following:
Why is a Tourism Satellite Account needed?:
Governments often underestimates the economic benefits that tourism provides because it is not as visible as industries such as manufacturing.
Business enterprises often fail to realize the role that tourism plays in their success and do not take full advantage of opportunities in this rapid growing activity
The World Tourism Organization(WTO) has designated the conceptual framework for a Tourism Satellite Account which sets international standards for measuring the contribution tourism makes to a country’s economy and the welfare of its citizens
The Caribbean Tourism Organization in 1999 began working with six countries namely
to develop Satellite Accounting systems through a European Union Project. These values are displayed on a set of inter – related tables
Interactive planning, focuses on creating the future by designing a desirable present. Interactive planning is unlike other types of planning, such as reactive planning, inactive planning, and preactive planning.
Interactive planning has three unique characteristics:
What are tourism interactive planning systems?
Provide examples for a community based project