matter and its properties
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Matter and Its Properties

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 34

Matter and Its Properties - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 236 Views
  • Uploaded on

Matter and Its Properties. matter. Everything that takes up space and has mass is Matter This includes: You Your chair Air Everything that you can taste, smell, or touch is matter. What is not matter?. Anything that exists without taking up space. Heat Light Ideas. Mass.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Matter and Its Properties' - zuri


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
matter
matter

Everything that takes up space and has mass is

Matter

This includes:

You

Your chair

Air

Everything that you can taste, smell, or touch is matter.

what is not matter
What is not matter?

Anything that exists without taking up space.

  • Heat
  • Light
  • Ideas
slide4
Mass

Mass is the amount of matter that something contains.

all matter is made up of tiny particles
All matter is made up of tiny particles.
  • The more particles an object has, the more mass it has.
  • The more mass it has, the heavier it is.
physical properties
Physical Properties

An object’s:

  • Mass
  • Look
  • Texture
  • Color
  • State (liquid, solid or gas)
  • Ability to transfer heat/electricity
volume and density
Volume and Density
  • Volume is the amount of space matter takes up.
  • Density is the amount of matter in an object compared to the space it takes up.
states of matter
States of Matter
  • Solid
  • Liquid
  • Gas
  • Plasma
solid
Solid

In a solid, the particles are packed together in a tight pattern.

This gives solids an exact shape.

Particles in matter are always moving but in solids they are packed too tightly to move around much so they vibrate instead.

liquids
Liquids

Particles in liquids have more movement.

They take the shape of their container.

slide15
Gas

A Gas has no definite shape or volume.

The particles are far apart and move fast.

plasma
Plasma
  • Similar to gas
  • Some of the particles are ionized (have lost or gained electrons) making it charged
  • It does not have a definite shape or volume unless closed in a container
  • It is the most common state of matter in the universe
examples of artificially produced plasma
Examples of Artificially Produced Plasma
  • Plasma TV
  • Fluorescent Lamps (made of mercury vapor)
  • Neon Signs
examples of terrestrial plasma
Examples of Terrestrial Plasma
  • Lightning
  • Aurora Borealis (lights display in the sky of Arctic and Antarctic caused by the collision of energetic charged particles with atoms in the high altitude atmosphere)
  • Most Flames – gaseous part of fire
examples of astrophysical plasma
Examples of Astrophysical Plasma
  • The sun and other stars (plasma heated by nuclear fusion
  • Solar Wind ( a stream of charged particles ejected from the upper atmosphere of the sun)
  • Interplanetary medium (space between planets)
  • Interstellar medium (space between stars)
  • Intergalactic medium (space between galaxies)
mixtures
Mixtures

A mixture is two or more substances that are combined without being changed.

Example –

A salad is a mixture of solids

Salt water is a mixture of a solid and liquid

Fog is a mixture of water drops and air.

solutions
Solutions

A Solution is a mixture where different kinds of matter are completely mixed with each other.

Example:

Salt water

air

solubility
Solubility

Solubility is a measure of how much of one material will dissolve in another.

suspension
Suspension

A mixture where some of the ingredients are suspended or floating in the other.

elements
Elements

There are more than 100 basic kinds of matter called elements.

Elements are the basic building blocks of matter.

slide27
Elements combine to make up all other kinds of matter.

Elements cannot be broken into smaller pieces with ordinary physical or chemical processes.

slide29
Most elements are combined to make the things we see.

For example: Rust is a combination of iron and oxygen.

slide30
Living and nonliving things are made up of just a few elements combined in different ways.
chemical and physical properties of an element
Chemical and Physical Properties of an element

Each element has its own chemical and physical properties.

These properties can be used to identify each element.

metals
Metals

More than ¾ of the elements are called metals.

Metals have the physical properties of being:

  • Shiny
  • Bendable
  • Able to conduct heat/electricity
ad