Virtue ethics. PHI 2630. The “Big T hree”. Normative Ethical Theories. Ethics of Right Action (what to do ). Ethics of Character (how to be ). Results-Focused. Rule/Duty-Focused. Character-Focused. Rule Consequentialism. Kantian Deontology. Virtue Ethics. Act Consequentialism.
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The “Big Three”
Normative Ethical Theories
Ethics of Right Action (what to do)
Ethics of Character (how to be)
An act is morally right just because it is one that a virtuous person, acting in character, would do in that situation.
Is there something else that determines who is a virtuous person, other than the fact that he or she consistently performs right actions?
What’s a good widget like?
What makes some thing good depends on what sort of thing it is.
So, in order to determine what it means to be a good human being, we need some understanding of human nature.
Humans are rational, empathetic, social, curious, cooperative, etc.
A virtuous person exercises rationality well, is bothered when others suffer, cooperates socially with other humans, is an avid reader, etc.
Once we have a rich picture of the virtuous person, we are better equipped to figure out what he or she would do in a given situation.
Accurate reflection of human moral experience?
Action-focused ethics misses much of our moral experience.
3. Natural inclination to act well
4. Practical Wisdom