Scholarly Publishing. A century ago, A century from now. Predilections and Prejudices . Mathematician Begin with first principles (like mathematics) Examples, from mathematics. A century ago. Thinking about the past. The purpose of journals . Began 1665: Henry Oldenburg
A century ago,
A century from now
Begin with first principles (like mathematics)
Examples, from mathematics
Thinking about the past
Goal is to inform --Professional developmentJournals by Field: Medical Science
From 200 mathematics journals published in 2004 to past 100 years of the Annals of Mathematics
People redefined journals to fit their solution.
Journals equated with immediacy (cure for cancer, technology breakthroughs, ...)
“Removing access barriers to literature will accelerate research, enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor …, and lay the foundation for uniting humanity..."
“[Societies] should serve their members, and when they don't, there's no reason to keep them going. … I don't believe that traditional business plans that depend upon the sale of subscriptions to these journals should be how these societies finance their activities.
Harold VarmusReligious experiences
Thinking about the present
Fermat's Last Theorem is solved using the binomial series. A new theorem determining the irrationality of a number using its infinite series expansion is presented.
Plus many NEW costs!
NIH pubmed central
(4) Author pay
$1500-$3000/articleInternet make other things possible?OPEN ACCESS
Low cost (?)
Lack of stability
Substitute for preprints, not journals
Solves journal problem only in the sense that it does away with themPros and Cons 1 & 2(Self-publishing / Repositories)
Free access for readers
Integrates publication with research funding
Shifts costs away from libraries
Restricted access for authors
Publication depends on grant funding
Shifts decision-making away from librariesPros and Cons 3 & 4(Governments / Author-pay)
'Back Room' Decision to Cancel Hubble Servicing Criticized
Senate adopts plan to trim federal deficit
In FY2005, the U. S. Government spent $352 Billion on interest payments
Thinking about the future
THAT’S WHAT JOURNALS ARE FOR!
To sustain literature...
Internet improves immediate exchange, but makes sustaining harder
To sustain ...make journals compatible with InternetProtecting scholarship for future
Adopt strict policy of versioning
Maintain historical record of literature
Internet requires exposing product
Make more material available (bibliographic data, references, etc.)
Moving wall(?): Older material adds value to the present, which links to it.How to make journals compatible
Give authors rights for appropriate present use (posting)
Give publishers rights for appropriate future use (unknown)
Portico (trusted third party)How to make journals compatible
Can we protect scholarship?
“The future will be better tomorrow.” -Dan Quayle
Turmoil drives out small publishers
Commercials continue to expand (deep pockets)
Market dominated by 2-3 large publishers
Scholars take more control of journals
Promote change through action, over time -- together
Journals proliferate and evolveTwo scenarios