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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG. May 8, 2003. GSBUG Hardware Info SIG. Agenda – May 8, 2003 7:00 – 7:05 Administration 7:05 – 8:15 Featured Topic – System RAM plus Motherboard Features Beyond Core Logic (Chipsets) : 2003 Update 8:15 – 8:30 Hardware News 8:30 – 8:55 Random Access (Q&A)

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gsbug hardware info sig1
GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Agenda – May 8, 2003
    • 7:00 – 7:05 Administration
    • 7:05 – 8:15 Featured Topic – System RAM plus Motherboard Features Beyond Core Logic (Chipsets): 2003 Update
    • 8:15 – 8:30 Hardware News
    • 8:30 – 8:55 Random Access (Q&A)
    • 8:55 – 9:00 Recap, Preview, and Close
gsbug hardware info sig2
GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Administration
    • Welcome! Please Sign In.
    • What the SIG is…and is not.
      • Is – an information resource for computer users and potential computer users
      • Is NOT – a way to get your computer built or repaired (contact the GSBUG Daytime Hardware SIG)
    • Log – Random Access/Q&A (First Come…)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Administration (continued):
    • Presentation materials will be posted at:

http://gsbug.apcug.org/hwinfosig.htm

    • Prior presentation materials are also posted.
gsbug hardware info sig4
GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • System RAM: 2003 Update
    • “System RAM” – the off-processor (off-processor- module), random access memory (RAM) used to store instructions and data.
    • “DRAM” – dynamic RAM (only retains data when power is applied/refreshed)
    • Primary types:
      • SDRAM (synchronous DRAM)
      • RDRAM (Rambus DRAM) or DRDRAM (Direct Rambus DRAM)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • System RAM: 2003 Update (continued)
    • CAS Latency (CL) – definition per Crucial Technology (division of Micron):
      • “The amount of time in nanoseconds (often measured in clock cycles) between a request to read the memory, and when it is actually output. SDRAMs are typically referred to as CL 2 or CL 3, with CL 2 parts being faster.”
      • Today, frequently also CL 2.5
    • Unbuffered vs Registered vs Registered ECC – consult your motherboard manual for what you need. For the curious, see http://www.crucial.com/library/glossary.asp
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • System RAM: 2003 Update (continued)
    • SDRAM
      • All types have a 64-bit wide data path
      • SDR (single data rate) SDRAM
        • PC100 (seldom seen today) - 100MHz
        • PC133 (used with older desktops & servers) - 133MHz
        • Supported by all the current SDR SDRAM chipsets
        • 168-pin DIMM (dual in-line memory module)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • System RAM: 2003 Update (continued)
    • SDRAM (continued)
      • DDR (double data rate) SDRAM
        • PC1600 (DDR200) - 100/200MHz
        • PC2100 (DDR266) - 133/266MHz
        • PC2700 (DDR333) - 166/333MHz
        • PC3200 (DDR400) - 200/400MHz
        • Requires corresponding chipset support – see last presentation (on Core Logic/Chipsets); varies by chipset
        • 184-pin DIMM
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • System RAM: 2003 Update (continued)
    • RDRAM
      • 16-bit wide data path
      • Two speed grades (current):
        • PC800 - 800MHz
        • PC1066 - 1066MHz
      • PC1200 (1200MHz) announced
      • 184-pin RIMMs (Rambus In-Line Memory Modules)
      • Requires “Continuity RIMM (CRIMM)” in empty sockets
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • System RAM: 2003 Update (continued)
    • RDRAM (continued)
      • Compatible chipsets – currently only Intel 850, 850E and 860, SiS R658 (SiS R659 announced)
      • Installed in pairs (dual channel)
      • NOW priced at roughly 2x the cost of quality DDR400
      • Performance – depending on the configuration and application, may be faster than other forms of DRAM
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • System RAM: 2003 Update (continued)
    • Memory bandwidth:

pipe width (in bytes) x speed (in MHz) x

number of channels =

memory bandwidth (in GB/sec)

“speed” is “effective speed”; e.g., 100MHz SDR, 200MHz DDR (both on a 100MHz clock)

    • Example:

PC2100 DDR SDRAM

8 bytes x 266MHz (133MHz DDR) x 1 channel

= 2128MB/sec (2.1GB/sec)

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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • System RAM: 2003 Update (continued)
    • Memory bandwidth (continued):
      • Current system memory product implementations:
        • PC100 SDR SDRAM 0.8GB/sec
        • PC133 SDR SDRAM 1.06GB/sec
        • PC1600 DDR SDRAM (DDR200) 1.6GB/sec
        • PC2100 DDR SDRAM (DDR266) 2.1GB/sec
        • PC2700 DDR SDRAM (DDR333) 2.7GB/sec
        • PC3200 DDR SDRAM (DDR400) 3.2GB/sec
        • PC800 RDRAM (dual channel) 3.2GB/sec

[PC800 RDRAM = 2 bytes x 800MHz x 2 channels]

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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • System RAM: 2003 Update (continued)
    • Memory bandwidth (continued):
      • Current system memory product implementations (cont.):
        • PC2100 DDR SDRAM (DDR266, dual channel) 4.3GB/sec
        • PC1066 RDRAM (dual channel) 4.3GB/sec
        • PC3200 DDR SDRAM (DDR400, dual channel) 6.4GB/sec
      • Coming system memory product implementations:
        • “Quad channel” PC1200 RDRAM (Fall ’03) 9.6GB/sec
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • System RAM: 2003 Update (continued)
    • Major Memory (Chip) Manufacturers
      • Elpida (Japan)
      • Hynix (Korea)
      • Infineon (Germany)
      • Micron (USA)
      • Mosel Vitelic/ProMOS (Taiwan)
      • Nanya (Taiwan)
      • Samsung (Korea)
      • Winbond (Taiwan)

All www.companyname.com

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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Motherboard Features: 2003 Update
    • Processor Sockets
      • AMD
        • Socket A (462-pin) – supports Athlon, Athlon XP, Duron, and Athlon MP
        • Socket 940 – supports Opteron
      • Intel
        • Socket 370 – supports Celeron (P3 core) and Pentium III S
        • Socket 423 – supports 423-pin Pentium 4 (earliest)
        • Socket 478 – supports 478-pin Celeron (P4 core) & P4 (latest)
        • Socket 603/604 – supports Xeon and Xeon MP
      • VIA
        • Socket 370 – supports C3
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Motherboard Features: 2003 Upd (cont.)
    • “Slots”
      • AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port)
        • 32-bits wide, capable (depending on the AGP spec) of 66MHz(1X) to 533MHz(8X)
        • 264MB/sec (1X) to 2.1GB/sec (8X) transfer rate
        • Video cards only
        • Signaling voltage varies by spec – 1.5V (AGP 2.0, AGP 1X-4X), 0.8V (AGP 3.0, AGP 4X-8X); both use same physical socket
        • Also AGP Pro50 and Pro110 (higher wattage for workstations)
        • Brown connector
        • www.agpforum.org
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Motherboard Features: 2003 Upd (cont.)
    • “Slots” (continued)
      • PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) - typical
        • 32-bits wide, capable of 33MHz (desktop)
        • 132MB/sec transfer rate (desktop)
        • Used for HDCs, sound cards, modems, NICs, and older video cards; various specialty adapters (USB 2.0, IEEE-1394, second parallel, etc.)
        • White connector
        • www.pcisig.org
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Motherboard Features: 2003 Upd (cont.)
    • “Slots” (continued)
      • PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) - other
        • 32-bits wide, 66MHz (desktop/server); 64-bit wide, 33 or 66MHz (workstations and servers)
        • Up to 528MB/sec
        • Used for HDCs, NICs, and some specialty adapters
      • PCI-X (some workstations and most servers)
        • Spec 1.0 - 64-bit wide, up to 133MHz (up to 1.06GB/sec)
        • Spec 2.0 - 64-bit wide, up to 533MHz (up to 4.3GB/sec)
      • PCI Express – coming in 2004 (possibly late 2003)
        • 0.8V, 2.5GHz, up to 16GB/sec transfer – to replace AGP 8X +
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Motherboard Features: 2003 Upd (cont.)
    • “Ports”
      • Serial (1 or 2 ports typ)
      • Parallel (ECP/EPP; 1 port typ)
      • PS/2 (2 ports – keyboard and mouse)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Motherboard Features: 2003 Upd (cont.)
    • “Ports” (continued)
      • USB (Universal Serial Bus) – chipset dependant
        • Three speeds:
          • Low speed = 1.5Mb/sec (.187MB/sec) – USB 1.1
          • Full speed = 12Mb/sec (1.5MB/sec) – USB 1.1
          • High speed = 480 Mb/sec (60MB/sec) – USB 2.0
        • Attach up to 127 devices – including mice, keyboards, cameras, printers, ZIPs, some HDDs, etc.
        • Number of ports varies – min 2. Combos of USB 1.1 and 2.0.
        • For “outside the box” devices
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Motherboard Features: 2003 Upd (cont.)
    • “Ports” (continued)
      • Audio (sound “card”, down) – line in, line out, mic, joy stick (MIDI port), plus
      • Video (for video “card”, down)
      • NIC (network interface “card”, down)
        • Typically “10/100” (Mb/sec)
      • IEEE 1394a (“FireWire”/Apple, “iLink”/Sony)
        • Today provides a maximum 400Mb/sec (50MB/sec) transfer rate (1394-1995). For “outside the box” devices.
        • Typically used to connect digital video cameras, HDDs.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Motherboard Features: 2003 Upd (cont.)
    • Other Interfaces, Misc.
      • Internal data cable connectors – floppy, IDE, SCSI
      • USB and IEEE-1394 header(s)
      • IrDA (infrared) header
      • CD-ROM (audio interface) – 1 or 2
      • Wake-on-LAN
      • Modem (audio for voice modem)
      • Fan headers
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Motherboard Features: 2003 Upd (cont.)
    • Other Interfaces, Misc. (continued)
      • Panel lights (power, HDD activity, sleep) & switches (power, reset, sleep)
      • Jumpers and/or DIP switches (CMOS clear/flash, CPU multiplier, CPU voltage, bus speeds, keyboard power-on, suspend-to-RAM, etc.)
      • Power (ATX, ATX12V, WTX, proprietary)
    • Show-and-Tell
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News
    • Processors
      • AMD formally released the AMD Opteron – first x86-64 (AMD64) processor; models 240 (1.4GHz), 242 (1.6GHz), and 244 (1.8GHz) for 1-way and 2-way servers and workstations; 128K L1 cache; 1MB exclusive L2 cache; integrated dual-channel memory controller (5.3GB/sec/CPU using PC2700/DDR333 SDRAM); able to directly address up to 1 terabyte of RAM; FSB = processor clock speed; three 16x16-bit HyperTransport links (6.4GB/sec per link); .13 micron SOI (silicon on insulator) technology; supports SSE2; 940-pin package with heat spreader
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Processors (continued)
      • AMD released the Athlon MP 2800+ – 2.133GHz, Barton core, 512K L2, 266MHz FSB (no faster chipset support)
    • Core Logic (chipsets)
      • AMD formally released the AMD-8131 PCI-X Tunnel, AMD-8151 AGP Graphics Tunnel (AGP 8X), and the AMD-8111 I/O Hub support chipset for its just-released AMD Opteron processor
      • NVIDIA announced the nForce3 Pro chipset for AMD Opteron workstations – single chip; AGP 8X; IDE RAID support (both PATA and SATA); integrated NIC
gsbug hardware info sig25
GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Core Logic (chipsets) (continued)
      • SiS announced the SiS655 for Intel Pentium 4 – a dual channel memory controller version of the SiS648; supports up to DDR333
      • VIA announced the UniChrome KM400 chipset (VT8378 Northbridge w/ VT8235CE or VT8237 Southbridge) for AMD Athlon – includes integrated UniChrome 2D/3D graphics processor (AGP 8X); supports DDR400 SDRAM; SATA RAID support w/ VT8237
      • VIA announced the K8T400M chipset for AMD Opteron – AGP 8X “Northbridge” with high-speed interface to the VT8237 Southbridge
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • System RAM – nothing new
    • Motherboards
      • MSI released the K8D Master (MS-9131) server motherboard for dual AMD Opteron processors.
      • ASUS, Gigabyte, MSI and several others introduce Intel 875P-chipset-based Pentium 4 motherboards.
    • Graphics Processors & Cards
      • 3Dlabs announced the Wildcat VP880 Pro workstation video card – 256MB RAM, AGP 8X, ESP of $499.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Graphics Processors & Cards (continued)
      • Matrox announced the Millennium P-series of video cards based on the Parhelia-LX processor – initially released the Millennium P650 ( 2 head) and Millennium P750 (3 head) cards. Both have 64MB RAM and are AGP 8X. Intended for video editing. These are low priced derivatives of the Parhelia.
    • Hard Drives – nothing new
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Hard Drive Controllers
      • Promise released the “FastTrak S150 TX4” SATA RAID card – supports 4 drives, RAID 0, 1, and 0+1.
    • Other Drives
      • Plextor released the PlexWriter Premium 52x32x52 CD-RW (ATAPI) w/ GigaRec (store up to 1GB data on 700MB media – not readable on other drives).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Sound processors & cards – nothing new
    • Modems & NICs – nothing new
    • Chassis & power supplies – nothing new
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Recap, Preview, and Close
    • Recap
    • Preview
      • Featured Topic for June 12, 2003 – Hard Drives and “Floppies”: 2003 Update
      • Close (please police up the area)
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