Reconstruction
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Reconstruction. Reconstruction is. Task of rebuilding the former Confederate states and readmitting them to the Union. 10 percent plan. Required voters in southern states to take an oath of loyalty to the Union When 10 % of voters in state took oath state could form a new state government

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Reconstruction

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Reconstruction

Reconstruction


Reconstruction is

Reconstruction is

  • Task of rebuilding the former Confederate states and readmitting them to the Union


10 percent plan

10 percent plan

  • Required voters in southern states to take an oath of loyalty to the Union

  • When 10 % of voters in state took oath state could form a new state government

  • Required to adopt a new state constitution banning slavery

  • Once state had adopted conditions then they could send a representative to Congress


Reconstruction

  • Lincoln did not want to punish South after war

  • He felt it would hamper the nation to heal

  • Offered Amnesty

  • Forgive any crimes if they would pledge loyalty

  • Confederate leaders would not be offered amnesty

  • Threes states di what Lincoln wanted

  • Louisiana, Tennessee, Arkansas

  • Congress did not accept the new states


Radical republicans

Radical Republicans

  • Very Powerful

  • Thaddeus Stevens leader

  • A lot of influence

  • Musty be broken up and re-laid


Wade davis bill

Wade Davis Bill

  • Congress passed their own Reconstruction

  • Three requirements

  • 1.Majority of states white males pledge loyalty

  • 2.Only white males who swore they had not fought against union could vote for delegates to state conventions

  • 3.All new states constitutions had to ban slavery

  • *Banned Former confederates from holding public office


Freedmen s bureau

Freedmen’s Bureau

  • Formed to adjust to life after slavery

  • Helped with food, clothing, medical care to poor southerners

  • Set up schools, some were staffed with teachers from the North

  • Help to get their own land to farm

  • Or find work for fair pay


Johnson s reconstruction

Johnson’s Reconstruction

  • Pres. Lincoln shot by Booth

  • Andrew Jonson became Pres. – a southerner

  • He supported the Union during the War

  • Gave amnesty to most southerners if loyalty given to Union

  • High ranking Confederates only get amnesty by appealing to the president

  • Opposed equal rights for African Americans

  • Must abolish slavery

  • Ratify 13th Amendment


Impeaching the president

Impeaching the President

  • Johnson strongly opposed reconstruction

  • Congress passed laws to limit his power

  • One was Tenure of Office Act

  • Pres. Could not remove gov.offical without the consent of the Congress

  • They wanted to protect. Sec. of War Edwin Stanton

  • Tensions Grew


Mor e on impeachment

More on impeachment

  • Johnson (no suggestions) Stanton

  • Could not do his job

  • Congress refused to approve suspension

  • Johnson then fired Stanton

  • This action deliberately violated the act

  • House votes to impeach

  • Senate did not get two-thirds vote

  • Lost by one vote


Still more

Still more

  • Johnson Remains in office

  • Did not interfere with Congress and reconstruction act


15 th amendment

15th amendment

  • Most Southern states joined the Union

  • Republicans rejected Johnson and wanted Grant to run for Pres.

  • Congress proposed 15th amendment

  • It states:

  • Guaranteed that state and federal governments could not deny the right to vote to any male citizen because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

  • States ratified it in 1870


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