2012 CE Scholastic Competition – Knowledge Bowl Study Guide
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2012 CE Scholastic Competition – Knowledge Bowl Study Guide. I. ART & MUSIC. 1. In addition to using cymbals in action scenes, what musical instrument is usually used to accompany performances of Beijing Opera?.

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2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

2012 CE Scholastic Competition – Knowledge Bowl Study Guide


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

I. ART & MUSIC


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

1. In addition to using cymbals in action scenes, what musical instrument is usually used to accompany performances of Beijing Opera?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • Orchestra band and percussion band. The former frequently accompanies peaceful scenes while the latter often follows scenes of war and fighting. The commonly used percussion instruments include castanets, drums, bells and cymbals. The orchestral instruments are mainly composed of the Erhu, the Huqin, the Yueqin, the Sheng (reed pipe), the Pipa (lute) and other instruments.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

2. In Beijing Opera, what type of character does a performer who has a prominent white patch on the nose depict?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • A clown (a white face symbolizes a sinister role's treachery and guile; a green face describes surly stubbornness, impetuosity and lack of self-restraint.)


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

3. Of the various face colors used to portray different types of characters in Beijing Opera, which is used to depict a character who is loyal and brave?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • A red face usually depicts the role's bravery, uprightness, and loyalty.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

4. In Beijing Opera, which face color is used to depict a character who is a powerful villain?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

White.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

5. What information is normally provided by the colophons or inscriptions written, often in poetic form, on many Chinese hanging scrolls, particularly on those by the most famous artists?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

Colophons provide important information about the history of the artwork and how it and the artist were regarded. These writings could be by the artist, the recipient, or later admirers of the work.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

6. The century and a half of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1126) is often equated culturally with which period in European history?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

The Renaissance.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

7. Which characteristic of Medieval European painting is not typical of Song Dynasty (960 – 1279) landscape painting in China?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • Concentration of religious themes


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

8. What information is provided in the seal impressions that are often found in red ink of Chinese painted scrolls?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • The names of the painter and the collectors, as well as the office that commissioned the work.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

9. Why did paintings in black ink, instead of color, dominate the Chinese painting tradition for many centuries?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • Color was thought to appeal to the senses rather than the mind.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

10. Why is Li Bai, a famous poet of the Tang Dynasty, often referred to as a “romantic poet”?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • His language was colorfully exaggerated and imaginative.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

11. What qualities of rocks do Chinese gardeners normally use to represent miniature mountains and objects of contemplation?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • Highly irregular, eroded surfaces.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

12. In Chinese calligraphy, four tools are collectively called the Four Treasures of the Study. What are the four tools?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • Writing brush, paper, ink stone, and ink plate.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

13. The Terracotta Army or the “Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses”, is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. In what city were they found?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

Xi’an


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

14. Who was the director of the internationally acclaimed films Hero, House of Flying Daggers, Raise the Red Lantern, and To Live?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

Zhang Yimou


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

15. Who is the first Asian film director to win the Academy Award for Best Picture and Best Director?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

Ang Lee (李安)


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

16. What do most Chinese do on Chinese New Year’s Eve?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • Get together with families for that year’s last dinner and stay up past midnight.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

17. What do most Chinese do on Chinese New Year’s Day?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • Wish relatives and close friends a prosperous year.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

18. Chinese New Year lasts 15 days. What is the last day of Chinese New Year called?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • Lantern Festival (元宵節) that occurs on January 15 of the lunar calendar.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

19. May 5 of the lunar calendar is an important Chinese festival. What is the festival called?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

Duanwu Festival (端午節), otherwise known as the Dragon Boat Festival


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

20. Where did the name “china”, as in plates, spoons, dishes, cups, and bowls, come from?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

Changnan (昌南). The old name of Jingdezheng is Changnan (昌南), which sounds like “China”. Jingdezheng is one of the most famous places for their porcelain in China. In the 18th century when European visited Jingdezheng in Jiangxi province, they were astonished by how exquisite the porcelains were. Back then Jingdezheng was also called Changnan. Thereafter European started calling porcelain “china”.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

21. Some people say that Chinese painting and Chinese calligraphy have the same source. Why?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

  • Because Chinese words/characters have strokes that need to be placed properly in order to be well presented. Namely, they look like paintings.


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

22. Where is the official Chinese imperial art collection housed?


2012 ce scholastic competition knowledge bowl study guide

Taipei, Taiwan. The collection is housed in the National Palace Museum (國立故宫博物院), and was taken to Taipei by Chiang Kai-shek between 1933 and 1949. The National Palace Museum and Palace Museum, located inside the Forbidden City in China, share the same original roots, which were split in two as a result of the Chinese Civil War.


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