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Third French Republic. After the fall of Napoleon III. I. National Assembly: 1871-75. Created with Adolphe Thiers as chief executive Paris Commune (1870-1871) lay siege to Paris Refused authority of Assembly Assembly and Commune fought Thousands died and 20,000 were executed

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Third french republic

Third French Republic

After the fall of Napoleon III


I national assembly 1871 75
I. National Assembly: 1871-75

  • Created with Adolphe Thiers as chief executive

  • Paris Commune (1870-1871) lay siege to Paris

    • Refused authority of Assembly

    • Assembly and Commune fought

    • Thousands died and 20,000 were executed

  • Commune defeated


Ii 3 rd french republic 1875
II. 3rd French Republic: 1875

  • Bourgeoisie dominate Post Commune war Assembly

  • Chamber of Deputies created

    • Republic

    • Elected by universal male suffrage

    • Weak president

    • Senate indirectly elected

  • Leon Gambetta led republicans


  • Chamber of Deputies

    • Legalized Trade Unions

    • Secular educational reforms (led by Jules Ferry) included public schools and compulsory primary schooling


Iii ups and downs of the 3 rd republic
III. Ups and Downs of the 3rd Republic

  • Multi-party system resulted in ever-shifting coalitions

    • Conservatives, Socialists, Capitalists, etc

  • Action Francaise was conservative movement led by Charles Maurras

    • Advocated authoritarian gov’t


Boulanger crisis 1887 89
Boulanger Crisis: 1887-89

  • Georges Boulanger gained support of military

  • Plotted over-throw of Republican gov’t

  • Boulanger summoned to trial, but he fled and committed suicide

  • As a result, people’s opinion favored Republic, not conservative


Panama scandal 1892
Panama Scandal: 1892

  • Ferdinand de Lesseps failed in attempt to build Panama canal

  • Cost French taxpayers millions

  • Public opinion turned against the Republic (now saw it as corrupt)

  • Republic lost support gained in the Boulanger Crisis


Dreyfus affair 1894
Dreyfus Affair: 1894

  • Most serious threat to Republic

  • Dreyfus (a Jew) accused by the French Military of supplying secrets to the Germans

  • Royalists (conservatives) and Catholics used the situation to discredit the Republic

  • Emile Zola (realist author) took up the Dreyfus case



Republicans gain support
Republicans gain support

  • Anti-clerical campaign launched (1905)

    • Increased separation of church and state

  • Socialists led by Jean Juares gained seats in Chamber of Deputies

  • By 1914, Third Republic was supported by most French people


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