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Needs. The basic elements that humans require to survive Food Water Shelter Health. Wants. Things that people desire, regardless of whether the desired object contributes to their survival. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Motives of Successful Nations.

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Needs

Needs

The basic elements that humans require to survive

  • Food

  • Water

  • Shelter

  • Health


Wants

Wants

Things that people desire, regardless of whether the desired object contributes to their survival


Needs

Maslow’s

Hierarchy of Needs


Motives of successful nations

Motives of Successful Nations

Nations and nation-states are motivated by needs and wants just as individuals are

These needs and wants overlap

Successful nations and nation-states are often motivated to serve the people by providing economic stability, peace and security, self-determination and humanitarian activities


Economic stability

Economic Stability

Individuals worry about their ability to support their families, while nations worry about their ability to support their citizens

When people are worried about this, they are motivated to find good jobs, which usually means getting proper educational qualifications to do the jobs required

High employment is a leading factor in economic stability


Peace and stability

Peace and Stability

People who live in countries where they do not feel safe are also more unlikely to get an education or hold down a job

They also tend to oppose their government more

Nations are also concerned about safety, and take steps both collectively and individually to ensure safety

Example of Collective Security: NATO

Example of Individual Security: Security in federal government buildings


Self determination

Self-Determination

Individuals as well as nations want the right to decide for themselves who they will be friends with

Canada gained this right when they signed the Statute of Westminster in 1931 and was then able to control her own foreign affairs


Humanitarianism

Humanitarianism

People are motivated to help others in times of crisis or if those people are less fortunate than themselves, even if they don’t know the people personally

Many nations try to give humanitarian aid to other nations during times of crisis


Foreign policy

Foreign Policy

Countries react to and with other countries differently, depending on the circumstances and countries involved

Some foreign policies or responses include:

  • Isolationism

  • Unilateralism

  • Bilateralism

  • Multilateralism

  • Supernationalism


Isolationism

Isolationism

A policy whereby a country completely opts out of participating in international social, economic, political and military affairs

Example:

  • Japan until 1854

  • Switzerland is neutral in military affairs

  • The USA pre- and post-WWI


Unilateralism

Unilateralism

The policy of a country responding to events on its own without agreements with, or support from, other countries

Sometimes acting unilaterally works well – as in disarming after the Cold War


Bilateralism

Bilateralism

Agreements between two countries to work toward resolving issues that concern both countries

Example: Canada and the US have several agreements and policies that have been created jointly on and for issues affecting both countries


Multilateralism

Multilateralism

A policy that involves several countries working together to meet challenges and solve problems

Popular with middle powers as when they unite they are stronger

Example:

The UN

The WTO


Supernationalism

Supernationalism

A policy by which countries agree to abide by the decisions of an international organization made up of independent appointed officials or representatives elected by member states

The European Union is often seen as an example of this because when countries join the EU they give up some control of their own affairs

Decisions are made by the majority and are rarely unanimous, but all countries must agree to the decisions once they are made even if they didn’t vote for it


Needs

The world has to work together in order to make it function


Internationalism

Internationalism

The doctrine that all members of the global community accept collective responsibility for the challenges that face the world

Motives of nations and nation-states must be respected in the search for solutions


Who that s the w h o not who from a knock knock joke

WHO (That’s THE W.H.O, not “who” from a knock-knock joke)

WHO = World Health Organization

Established in 1948 as part of the UN

The WHO is responsible for coordinating information about diseases that could cause epidemics, nutrition, population planning, sanitation and the health of women and children

They are also the ones who raise the pandemic alert levels

1966 – the WHO launched a smallpox vaccination campaign; by the end of the 1970s smallpox had been eradicated


Ngos non governmental organizati ons

NGOs(Non-governmental organizations)

Created by individuals or groups who see a need not being met by governments

Examples:

Right to Play

OXFAM

Red Cross


Arctic council

Arctic Council

Formed in 1996 by Canada, Denmark and her colonies, Finland, Iceland, Norway, the Russian Federation, Sweden and the US

6 organizations representing indigenous groups who live in the Arctic regions of member states also have seats

The priority of this group is protecting the environment and monitoring the effects of climate change


Benefits of internationalism

Benefits of Internationalism

  • Peace and Security

  • Economic Stability

  • Indigenous Self-Determination

  • Humanitarianism


Peace and security

Peace and Security

The UN was formed after WWII to promote collective security

It is made up of 192 member nations and serves as a forum to discuss disputes, air grievances, and share concerns

While it has not prevented all conflict, it has thus far prevented WWIII


Economic stability1

Economic Stability

The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (now part of the World Bank) and the IMF (International Monetary Fund) were established to help Europe and Asia rebuild after WWII

They are still in existence, though their job now is to help developing countries

1947 – The General Agreement on Tariff and Trade (GATT) was established; the World Trade Organization (WTO) evolved from this

These bodies are somewhat controversial as some see them as being dominated by western countries who are trying to block development to allow for rich western nations to keep getting richer at the developing countries’ expense


Indigenous self determination

Indigenous Self-Determination

In 2007, the UN General Assembly passed the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, confirming Indigenous peoples’ rights to self-determination

Four countries – Canada, the USA, Australia and New Zealand – voted against it at the time

Since then, Australia and New Zealand passed it

In November 2010, Canada signed the document as well


Humanitarianism1

Humanitarianism

Internationalism ensures that nations react quickly to disasters that afflict other countries

Examples:


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