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Brinkley, The Unfinished Nation , 4/e. Chapter Seventeen: Industrial Supremacy. Chapter Seventeen: Industrial Supremacy. Sources of Industrial Growth Industrial Technologies Alexander Graham Bell. “Mr. Watson, come here, I want you!” - Alexander Graham Bell.

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chapter seventeen industrial supremacy

Brinkley, The Unfinished Nation, 4/e

Chapter Seventeen:

Industrial Supremacy

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy1
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • Industrial Technologies
      • Alexander Graham Bell

“Mr. Watson, come here, I want you!”

- Alexander Graham Bell

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy2
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • Industrial Technologies
      • Alexander Graham Bell
      • Impact of Electric Power
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy3
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • The Technology of Iron and Steel Production
      • Bessemer Process
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy4
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • The Technology of Iron and Steel Production
      • Bessemer Process
      • New Blast Furnaces
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy5
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • The Technology of Iron and Steel Production
      • Bessemer Process
      • New Blast Furnaces
      • New Transportation Systems
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy6
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • The Technology of Iron and Steel Production
      • Bessemer Process
      • New Blast Furnaces
      • New Transportation Systems
      • Rise of the

Petroleum Industry

Pioneer Oil Run, 1865

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy7
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • The Airplane and the Automobile
      • Henry Ford

“Nothing is particularly hard if you divide it into small jobs.”

-Henry Ford

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy8
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • The Airplane and the Automobile
      • Henry Ford
      • The Wright

Brothers

The Wright Brothers (Library of Congress)

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy9
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • Research and Development
      • Corporate Research and Development

Edison’s Notebook

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy10
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • The Science of Production
      • “Taylorism”

“The most important object of both the workmen and the management should be the training and development of each individual in the establishment, so that he can do (at his fastest pace and with the maximum of efficiency) the highest class of work for which his natural abilities fit him.”

- Frederick Winslow Taylor

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy11
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • The Science of Production
      • “Taylorism”
      • Assembly Line
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy12
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • Railroad Expansion and the Corporation
      • Importance of Government Subsidies

Railroads, 1870-1890

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy13
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • Railroad Expansion and the Corporation
      • Importance of Government Subsidies
      • “Limited Liability”
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy14
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • Railroad Expansion and the Corporation
      • Importance of Government Subsidies
      • “Limited Liability”
      • U.S. Steel Created
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy15
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • Railroad Expansion and the Corporation
      • Importance of Government Subsidies
      • “Limited Liability”
      • U.S. Steel Created
      • “Horizontal Integration” and “Vertical Integration”
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy16
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • Railroad Expansion and the Corporation
      • Importance of Government Subsidies
      • “Limited Liability”
      • U.S. Steel Created
      • “Horizontal Integration” and “Vertical Integration”
      • Standard Oil
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy17
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Sources of Industrial Growth
    • Railroad Expansion and the Corporation
      • Importance of Government Subsidies
      • “Limited Liability”
      • U.S. Steel Created
      • “Horizontal Integration” and “Vertical Integration”
      • Standard Oil
      • “Holding Company”
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy18
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Capitalism and Its Critics
    • Survival of the Fittest
      • Ideology of Individualism
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy19
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Capitalism and Its Critics
    • Survival of the Fittest
      • Ideology of Individualism
      • Social Darwinism

“The growth of a large business is merely the survival of the fittest.”

John D. Rockefeller

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy20
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Capitalism and Its Critics
    • Survival of the Fittest
      • Ideology of Individualism
      • Social Darwinism
      • Corporate Wealth Legitimated
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy21
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Capitalism and Its Critics
    • The Gospel of Wealth
      • Gospel of Wealth

“Surplus wealth is a sacred trust which its possessor is bound to administer in his lifetime for the good of the community.”

Andrew Carnegie (Portrait Gallery)

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy22
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Capitalism and Its Critics
    • The Gospel of Wealth
      • Gospel of Wealth
      • Horatio Alger
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy23
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Capitalism and Its Critics
    • Alternative Visions
      • Socialist Labor Party
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy24
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Capitalism and Its Critics
    • Alternative Visions
      • Socialist Labor Party
      • Henry George’s “Single Tax”

“This association of poverty with progress is the great enigma of our times.”

Henry George

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy25
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • Capitalism and Its Critics
    • The Problems of Monopoly
      • Economic Concentration Challenged

Cornelius Vanderbilt (Portrait Gallery)

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy26
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • The Immigrant Work Force
      • Rapidly Expanding Working Class

Inspection room at Ellis Island, NY (Library of Congress)

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy27
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • The Immigrant Work Force
      • Rapidly Expanding Working Class
      • Labor Contract Law
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy28
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • Wages and Working Conditions
      • Harsh Working Conditions
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy29
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • Wages and Working Conditions
      • Harsh Working Conditions
      • Child Labor
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy30
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • Emerging Unionization
      • “Molly Maguires”
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy31
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • Emerging Unionization
      • “Molly Maguires”
      • Railroad Strikes of 1877

Rutherford B. Hayes (Library of Congress)

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy32
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • The Knights of Labor
      • Terence V. Powderly
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy33
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • The AFL
      • Samuel Gompers

“What does labor want? We want more schoolhouses and less jails; more books and less arsenals; more learning and less vice; more leisure and less greed; more justice and less revenge; in fact, more of the opportunities to cultivate our better natures, to make manhood more noble, womanhood more beautiful, and childhood more happy and bright.”

-Samuel Gompers

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy34
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • The AFL
      • Samuel Gompers
      • Haymarket Bombing
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy35
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • The AFL
      • Samuel Gompers
      • Haymarket Bombing
      • Labor Discredited
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy36
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • The Homestead Strike
      • Henry Clay Frick

Inside the Homestead Plant (Library of Congress)

chapter seventeen industrial supremacy37
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • The Homestead Strike
      • Henry Clay Frick
      • Government Intervention
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy38
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • The Pullman Strike
      • American Railway Union
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy39
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • Sources of Labor Weakness
      • Few Gains for Labor
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy40
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • Sources of Labor Weakness
      • Few Gains for Labor
      • Sources of Labor Weakness
chapter seventeen industrial supremacy41
Chapter Seventeen:Industrial Supremacy
  • The Ordeal of the Worker
    • Sources of Labor Weakness
      • Few Gains for Labor
      • Sources of Labor Weakness
      • Capital’s Strength
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