E.Q: What led to the evolution of Georgia’s government from a
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E.Q: What led to the evolution of Georgia’s government from a Royal Colony to a Constitutional Democracy?. Georgia adopts a state constitution. About two thirds of Georgians remained loyal to England during the American Revolution They were known as Tories

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Georgia adopts a state constitution

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E.Q: What led to the evolution of Georgia’s government from a Royal Colony to a Constitutional Democracy?


Georgia adopts a state constitution

  • About two thirds of Georgians remained loyal to England during the American Revolution

  • They were known as Tories

  • In 1777 a constitution was adopted for Georgia at a meeting in Savannah

  • Georgia’s first 8 counties were formed

  • Burke, Camden, Chatham, Effingham, Glyn, Richmond, Wilkes & Liberty

  • How many counties does Georgia have today?

  • (159 counties)


Georgia Timeline 10,000 B.C.E to 1776

Who?: Paleo Indians

When?: 10,000-8000 BCE arrive in GA from land bridge across Bering Strait

Where?: Did not settle in one place/ nomadic people

Why?: following food supply

Who: Archaic(Early, Middle & late) Indians

When: 8000-1000BCE

Where?:

Why:

Who? : Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto

When?: 1540 about 50 years after Columbus

Where???????

Why?: Looking for Gold, Glory & God

Where? Travelled Georgia looking for gold died near Mississippi River


Who? Royal governors (John Reynolds,

What: Royal Governors to Georgia by King George II of England?

When: 1752?

Where??????

Why??????

Who? King George II & James Oglethorpe

What;? Charter of 1732

When:? 1732

Why:??????

Where:????

Who:? England v. France fight in 7 years War/ ……… War)

What?

When?:

Where?

Why???


Who ? King George III

What? Taxes for debt from? And new land acquired

When?

Where?

Why? Because he believed that defending the colonies from France & Indians came at a cost to England

Who? George Washington

What? Battle of Yorktown British Surrender ends War of Independence

When?

Where?

Why?

Who? American colonists/rebels/patriots (Gwinnett Button, ……)

What? (Sign agreement to do what?)

When??

Where? Philladelphia

Why???


What do you know about the U.S Constitution?

What have you learned ?(L)

What do you want to Know ?(W)

What do you know ?(K)


Vocabulary

William Few

Abraham Baldwin

Bill of Rights

Confederation

Articles of Confederation

Constitution

Ratification

Bicameral

Senate

House of Representatives

General Assembly

Term


Georgia’s Constitution of 1777

Legislature (unicameral only I house)

No checks & balances in legislative branch

Governor served only 1 year

Executive branch or governor was too weak he could not veto laws passed

Legislative council had power to veto

3 branches of government but legislative had more power

  • StrengthsWeaknesses

  • Still have legislative branch

  • Three branches have separate power

  • Established counties replaced parishes

  • Established local county governments


The Articles of Confederation

  • The first constitution of the United States of America

  • Ratified (approved) on July 4th 1776

  • Went into effect on January 1781 when Maryland & Virginia approved it

  • Who was the 1st president of the U.S.A

  • John Hanson or George Washington


Articles of Confederation

Strengths

Weaknesses

  • First written constitution in the U.S of America

  • Had a legislature

  • Had strong governments (state)

  • Weak central government

  • No executive or judicial branch to enforce laws or hear disputes

  • Central government could not levy (impose) taxes

  • No checks & balances

  • No taxes collected so there was no military

  • All power lied with states

  • Each state had equal vote in congress regardless of size or population


Constitutional convention of 1787

  • Why? Because the Articles of Confederation were too weak

  • William Few and Abraham Baldwin represent Georgia at the convention in Philadelphia

  • George Washington presided over convention

  • U.S government establishes 3 branches of government

  • (Executive, Legislature & Judiciary)

  • Each branch could check the power of the other branches (checks & balances)

  • Senate & house of representatives established. Only three fifths of slave population would be counted towards representation of state


Ratification of the U.S Constitution 1788

  • After much debate between Federalists & Anti-Federalists the Constitution was adopted in 1788

  • Georgia is the 4th State to ratify

  • The Constitution could be changed or amended

  • The first 10 changes to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights

  • George Washingtonbecomes first president under the Constitution of the United States of America

  • How many amendments have been made to the U.S Constitution to date?

  • 27 times to date


Similarities & differences between Georgia Constitution and the U.S Constitution (174-175) (At least 4 similarities and differences)

Georgia Constitution of 1789

The U.S Constitution of 1787


Georgia after the Revolutionary War

  • Economy was in ruins not much farming

  • Capital city moved from Savannah to Augusta

  • Georgia delegates meet in 1788 & 1789 and adopt state constitution similar to national constitution with 3 branches

  • General assembly was a bicameral legislature (Senate & house of representatives), governors and judges appointed and spending managed


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