E.Q: What led to the evolution of Georgia’s government from a
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Georgia adopts a state constitution PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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E.Q: What led to the evolution of Georgia’s government from a Royal Colony to a Constitutional Democracy?. Georgia adopts a state constitution. About two thirds of Georgians remained loyal to England during the American Revolution They were known as Tories

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Georgia adopts a state constitution

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Georgia adopts a state constitution

E.Q: What led to the evolution of Georgia’s government from a Royal Colony to a Constitutional Democracy?


Georgia adopts a state constitution

Georgia adopts a state constitution

  • About two thirds of Georgians remained loyal to England during the American Revolution

  • They were known as Tories

  • In 1777 a constitution was adopted for Georgia at a meeting in Savannah

  • Georgia’s first 8 counties were formed

  • Burke, Camden, Chatham, Effingham, Glyn, Richmond, Wilkes & Liberty

  • How many counties does Georgia have today?

  • (159 counties)


Georgia adopts a state constitution

Georgia Timeline 10,000 B.C.E to 1776

Who?: Paleo Indians

When?: 10,000-8000 BCE arrive in GA from land bridge across Bering Strait

Where?: Did not settle in one place/ nomadic people

Why?: following food supply

Who: Archaic(Early, Middle & late) Indians

When: 8000-1000BCE

Where?:

Why:

Who? : Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto

When?: 1540 about 50 years after Columbus

Where???????

Why?: Looking for Gold, Glory & God

Where? Travelled Georgia looking for gold died near Mississippi River


Georgia adopts a state constitution

Who? Royal governors (John Reynolds,

What: Royal Governors to Georgia by King George II of England?

When: 1752?

Where??????

Why??????

Who? King George II & James Oglethorpe

What;? Charter of 1732

When:? 1732

Why:??????

Where:????

Who:? England v. France fight in 7 years War/ ……… War)

What?

When?:

Where?

Why???


Georgia adopts a state constitution

Who ? King George III

What? Taxes for debt from? And new land acquired

When?

Where?

Why? Because he believed that defending the colonies from France & Indians came at a cost to England

Who? George Washington

What? Battle of Yorktown British Surrender ends War of Independence

When?

Where?

Why?

Who? American colonists/rebels/patriots (Gwinnett Button, ……)

What? (Sign agreement to do what?)

When??

Where? Philladelphia

Why???


Georgia adopts a state constitution

What do you know about the U.S Constitution?

What have you learned ?(L)

What do you want to Know ?(W)

What do you know ?(K)


Georgia adopts a state constitution

Vocabulary

William Few

Abraham Baldwin

Bill of Rights

Confederation

Articles of Confederation

Constitution

Ratification

Bicameral

Senate

House of Representatives

General Assembly

Term


Georgia s constitution of 1777

Georgia’s Constitution of 1777

Legislature (unicameral only I house)

No checks & balances in legislative branch

Governor served only 1 year

Executive branch or governor was too weak he could not veto laws passed

Legislative council had power to veto

3 branches of government but legislative had more power

  • StrengthsWeaknesses

  • Still have legislative branch

  • Three branches have separate power

  • Established counties replaced parishes

  • Established local county governments


The articles of confederation

The Articles of Confederation

  • The first constitution of the United States of America

  • Ratified (approved) on July 4th 1776

  • Went into effect on January 1781 when Maryland & Virginia approved it

  • Who was the 1st president of the U.S.A

  • John Hanson or George Washington


Articles of confederation

Articles of Confederation

Strengths

Weaknesses

  • First written constitution in the U.S of America

  • Had a legislature

  • Had strong governments (state)

  • Weak central government

  • No executive or judicial branch to enforce laws or hear disputes

  • Central government could not levy (impose) taxes

  • No checks & balances

  • No taxes collected so there was no military

  • All power lied with states

  • Each state had equal vote in congress regardless of size or population


Constitutional convention of 1787

Constitutional convention of 1787

  • Why? Because the Articles of Confederation were too weak

  • William Few and Abraham Baldwin represent Georgia at the convention in Philadelphia

  • George Washington presided over convention

  • U.S government establishes 3 branches of government

  • (Executive, Legislature & Judiciary)

  • Each branch could check the power of the other branches (checks & balances)

  • Senate & house of representatives established. Only three fifths of slave population would be counted towards representation of state


Ratification of the u s constitution 1788

Ratification of the U.S Constitution 1788

  • After much debate between Federalists & Anti-Federalists the Constitution was adopted in 1788

  • Georgia is the 4th State to ratify

  • The Constitution could be changed or amended

  • The first 10 changes to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights

  • George Washingtonbecomes first president under the Constitution of the United States of America

  • How many amendments have been made to the U.S Constitution to date?

  • 27 times to date


Georgia adopts a state constitution

Similarities & differences between Georgia Constitution and the U.S Constitution (174-175) (At least 4 similarities and differences)

Georgia Constitution of 1789

The U.S Constitution of 1787


Georgia after the revolutionary war

Georgia after the Revolutionary War

  • Economy was in ruins not much farming

  • Capital city moved from Savannah to Augusta

  • Georgia delegates meet in 1788 & 1789 and adopt state constitution similar to national constitution with 3 branches

  • General assembly was a bicameral legislature (Senate & house of representatives), governors and judges appointed and spending managed


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