E.Q: What led to the evolution of Georgia’s government from a
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E.Q: What led to the evolution of Georgia’s government from a Royal Colony to a Constitutional Democracy?. Georgia adopts a state constitution. About two thirds of Georgians remained loyal to England during the American Revolution They were known as Tories

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E.Q: What led to the evolution of Georgia’s government from a Royal Colony to a Constitutional Democracy?

Georgia adopts a state constitution
Georgia adopts a state constitution from a

  • About two thirds of Georgians remained loyal to England during the American Revolution

  • They were known as Tories

  • In 1777 a constitution was adopted for Georgia at a meeting in Savannah

  • Georgia’s first 8 counties were formed

  • Burke, Camden, Chatham, Effingham, Glyn, Richmond, Wilkes & Liberty

  • How many counties does Georgia have today?

  • (159 counties)

Georgia Timeline 10,000 B.C.E to 1776 from a

Who?: Paleo Indians

When?: 10,000-8000 BCE arrive in GA from land bridge across Bering Strait

Where?: Did not settle in one place/ nomadic people

Why?: following food supply

Who: Archaic(Early, Middle & late) Indians

When: 8000-1000BCE



Who? : Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto

When?: 1540 about 50 years after Columbus


Why?: Looking for Gold, Glory & God

Where? Travelled Georgia looking for gold died near Mississippi River

Who from a ? Royal governors (John Reynolds,

What: Royal Governors to Georgia by King George II of England?

When: 1752?



Who? King George II & James Oglethorpe

What;? Charter of 1732

When:? 1732



Who:? England v. France fight in 7 years War/ ……… War)





Who from a ? King George III

What? Taxes for debt from? And new land acquired



Why? Because he believed that defending the colonies from France & Indians came at a cost to England

Who? George Washington

What? Battle of Yorktown British Surrender ends War of Independence




Who? American colonists/rebels/patriots (Gwinnett Button, ……)

What? (Sign agreement to do what?)


Where? Philladelphia


What do you know about the U.S Constitution? from a

What have you learned ?(L)

What do you want to Know ?(W)

What do you know ?(K)

Vocabulary from a

William Few

Abraham Baldwin

Bill of Rights


Articles of Confederation





House of Representatives

General Assembly


Georgia s constitution of 1777
Georgia’s Constitution of 1777 from a

Legislature (unicameral only I house)

No checks & balances in legislative branch

Governor served only 1 year

Executive branch or governor was too weak he could not veto laws passed

Legislative council had power to veto

3 branches of government but legislative had more power

  • StrengthsWeaknesses

  • Still have legislative branch

  • Three branches have separate power

  • Established counties replaced parishes

  • Established local county governments

The articles of confederation
The Articles of Confederation from a

  • The first constitution of the United States of America

  • Ratified (approved) on July 4th 1776

  • Went into effect on January 1781 when Maryland & Virginia approved it

  • Who was the 1st president of the U.S.A

  • John Hanson or George Washington

Articles of confederation
Articles of Confederation from a



  • First written constitution in the U.S of America

  • Had a legislature

  • Had strong governments (state)

  • Weak central government

  • No executive or judicial branch to enforce laws or hear disputes

  • Central government could not levy (impose) taxes

  • No checks & balances

  • No taxes collected so there was no military

  • All power lied with states

  • Each state had equal vote in congress regardless of size or population

Constitutional convention of 1787
Constitutional convention of 1787 from a

  • Why? Because the Articles of Confederation were too weak

  • William Few and Abraham Baldwin represent Georgia at the convention in Philadelphia

  • George Washington presided over convention

  • U.S government establishes 3 branches of government

  • (Executive, Legislature & Judiciary)

  • Each branch could check the power of the other branches (checks & balances)

  • Senate & house of representatives established. Only three fifths of slave population would be counted towards representation of state

Ratification of the u s constitution 1788
Ratification of the U.S Constitution 1788 from a

  • After much debate between Federalists & Anti-Federalists the Constitution was adopted in 1788

  • Georgia is the 4th State to ratify

  • The Constitution could be changed or amended

  • The first 10 changes to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights

  • George Washingtonbecomes first president under the Constitution of the United States of America

  • How many amendments have been made to the U.S Constitution to date?

  • 27 times to date

Similarities & differences between Georgia Constitution and the U.S Constitution (174-175) (At least 4 similarities and differences)

Georgia Constitution of 1789

The U.S Constitution of 1787

Georgia after the revolutionary war
Georgia after the Revolutionary War the U.S Constitution (174-175) (

  • Economy was in ruins not much farming

  • Capital city moved from Savannah to Augusta

  • Georgia delegates meet in 1788 & 1789 and adopt state constitution similar to national constitution with 3 branches

  • General assembly was a bicameral legislature (Senate & house of representatives), governors and judges appointed and spending managed