The mongols conquer china
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The Mongols Conquer China. In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: Kublai Khan Yuan Dynasty Silk Road Fall of Yuan Dynasty Ming Dynasty. Kublai Khan, a grandson of Chinggis Khan, conquered China. Kublai Khan.

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The Mongols Conquer China

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The mongols conquer china

The Mongols Conquer China

In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms:

Kublai Khan

Yuan Dynasty

Silk Road

Fall of Yuan Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

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The mongols conquer china

Kublai Khan, a grandson of Chinggis Khan,

conquered China.

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Kublai khan

Kublai Khan

  • In 1279, Kublai Khan, a grandson of Chinggis Khan, conquered China.

  • He adopted the Chinese name of “Yuan” for his dynasty.

  • Kublai Khan built a new capital city (Beijing).

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The mongols conquer china

Kublai Khan conquered China but

adopted many Chinese ways.

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Trade

Trade

  • Under Kublai Khan, trade between China and the West increased.

  • The Mongols took control of the Central Asian trade routes.

  • The Mongol rulers protected merchants and travelers along the trade routes.

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The mongols conquer china

The Silk Road was an important trading

route. During the Yuan dynasty, trade

along the Silk Road increased.

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Mongol government

Mongol Government

  • While the Mongols adopted many Chinese ways, they did not allow the Chinese to become high government officials.

  • Chinese men could not participate in the government.

  • However, the Chinese were allowed to maintain their cultural traditions.

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The mongols conquer china

The Chinese were

not permitted

to become

high government

officials during

the Yuan dynasty.

The Mongols firmly

controlled the

government.

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The mongols conquer china

The Mongols built a new capital city.

Today, this city is called Beijing. For

many years, Westerners called it Peking.

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The fall of the yuan dynasty

The Fall of the Yuan Dynasty

  • The Mongol Dynasty fell in 1368.

  • The Chinese believed that the Mongols had lost the Mandate of Heaven due to massive famines.

  • A Chinese peasant led a rebellion against the Mongols and a new Chinese dynasty was founded.

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The mongols conquer china

The Ming dynasty was founded by a

Chinese peasant.

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Ethnocentrism and isolationism

Ethnocentrism and Isolationism

  • The Ming emperors were ethnocentric. They felt that other cultures were inferior.

  • Gradually, the Ming emperors began to isolate China from other cultures.

  • Isolation led to China falling behind other cultures.

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The mongols conquer china

Isolationism

prevents cultural

diffusion. New

technologies and

inventions are

not shared. This

can harm a nation.

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Questions for reflection

Questions for Reflection:

  • Who was Kublai Khan and how did he affect Chinese history?

  • How and why did the Mongols adopt many Chinese ways?

  • What was the Silk Road and why did trade increase during Mongol rule of China?

  • Why did the Yuan dynasty fall and why did the Mings isolate China?

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