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The Mongols Conquer China. In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: Kublai Khan Yuan Dynasty Silk Road Fall of Yuan Dynasty Ming Dynasty. Kublai Khan, a grandson of Chinggis Khan, conquered China. Kublai Khan.

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The mongols conquer china

The Mongols Conquer China

In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms:

Kublai Khan

Yuan Dynasty

Silk Road

Fall of Yuan Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

E. Napp



Kublai khan
Kublai Khan

  • In 1279, Kublai Khan, a grandson of Chinggis Khan, conquered China.

  • He adopted the Chinese name of “Yuan” for his dynasty.

  • Kublai Khan built a new capital city (Beijing).

E. Napp


Kublai Khan conquered China but

adopted many Chinese ways.

E. Napp


Trade
Trade

  • Under Kublai Khan, trade between China and the West increased.

  • The Mongols took control of the Central Asian trade routes.

  • The Mongol rulers protected merchants and travelers along the trade routes.

E. Napp


The Silk Road was an important trading

route. During the Yuan dynasty, trade

along the Silk Road increased.

E. Napp


Mongol government
Mongol Government

  • While the Mongols adopted many Chinese ways, they did not allow the Chinese to become high government officials.

  • Chinese men could not participate in the government.

  • However, the Chinese were allowed to maintain their cultural traditions.

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The Chinese were

not permitted

to become

high government

officials during

the Yuan dynasty.

The Mongols firmly

controlled the

government.

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The Mongols built a new capital city.

Today, this city is called Beijing. For

many years, Westerners called it Peking.

E. Napp


The fall of the yuan dynasty
The Fall of the Yuan Dynasty

  • The Mongol Dynasty fell in 1368.

  • The Chinese believed that the Mongols had lost the Mandate of Heaven due to massive famines.

  • A Chinese peasant led a rebellion against the Mongols and a new Chinese dynasty was founded.

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The Ming dynasty was founded by a

Chinese peasant.

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Ethnocentrism and isolationism
Ethnocentrism and Isolationism

  • The Ming emperors were ethnocentric. They felt that other cultures were inferior.

  • Gradually, the Ming emperors began to isolate China from other cultures.

  • Isolation led to China falling behind other cultures.

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Isolationism

prevents cultural

diffusion. New

technologies and

inventions are

not shared. This

can harm a nation.

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Questions for reflection
Questions for Reflection:

  • Who was Kublai Khan and how did he affect Chinese history?

  • How and why did the Mongols adopt many Chinese ways?

  • What was the Silk Road and why did trade increase during Mongol rule of China?

  • Why did the Yuan dynasty fall and why did the Mings isolate China?

E. Napp


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