Who were the earliest Americans?. The Americas. Guess how much the statue weighs!. Student who comes closest gets a prize (2 mins ). 8 tons/16,000 pounds!!!!. http://videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/28709-discovery-atlantis-olmec-civilization-and-atlantis-video.htm. Intro video.
Who were the earliest Americans?
Student who comes closest gets a prize (2 mins).
36a explain the rise and fall of the Olmec, Mayan, Aztec and Inca empires
36b compare the culture of the Americas including government, economy, religion, social structure, technology and the arts of the Mayans, Aztecs and Incas
Who were the Olmecs and what was their contribution to civilization in the Americas?
What do you think happened to the Olmec?
The Olmec left their mark
Olmec art and construction affected future cultures like the Maya
Olmec developed ceremonial centers, ritual ball games, and ruling class
Later cultures in Mesoamerica adopted Olmec ways
Influenced Mayan writing system
Origin of the Mayan calendar system
3 – things you learned
2 – things you want to find out more about
1 – question you have
Who were the Mayan’s and what triggered their decline?
Southern Mexico into northern Central America
Includes dry scrub forest of the Yucatan Peninsula
Also – dense, steamy jungles
Maya took on Olmec influences and blended it with their local customs
What was the climate like for the Mayans?
Where was their civilization located?
How was each Mayan location set-up in terms of government?
Exact rules and method of scoring are unknown.
Inscriptions indicate that players could not use their hands or feet to move a solid rubber ball.
Members of the losing team might be sacrificed by beheading.
City-states exchanged their local products and craft goods
No unifying currency, cacao (CHOCOLATE) beans sometimes served as one
Maize, beans, and squash provided the basis for Maya life
Mayans believed that time was a burden carried on the back of a god
Very important to have an accurate calendar to know which god was in charge of the day
260 day religious calendar
365 day solar calendar
“Before the world was created, Calm and Silence were the great kings that ruled. Nothing existed, there was nothing”
Why was math and religion important to the Mayans?
Describe their social structure.
In one paragraph, write a short story about what you think happened to the Mayans?
Who were the Aztecs? How did their civilization function, thrive, and ultimately decline?
Greatest empire in Mesoamerica
Heart of civilization located around modern Mexico City
Ancestors of the Olmec
“City of the Gods”
First major city-state of Central Mexico
Peak population ~150,000 – 200,000
Obsidian – Green or black volcanic rock used to make razor sharp weapons
Abandoned by 750 AD
Established by the early 1500’s
Population 200,000 – 400,000 (larger than London or other European Cities at the time)
Built on an island surrounded by marshland/water
Describe the beginning of the Aztecs.
What was their social structure?
What was their religion?
How did they decline?
Who were the Incas and what were some of their social innovations unique to Pre-Columbian culture in the Americas?