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RMI and JDBC. Some Database terminology Connecting a remote object to a database Gary Alperson helped developed these slides and the JDBC/RMI example. Database Terminology.

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rmi and jdbc
RMI and JDBC
  • Some Database terminology
  • Connecting a remote object to a database
  • Gary Alperson helped developed these slides and the
  • JDBC/RMI example.
database terminology
Database Terminology
  • Database: A shared collection of logically related data (and a description of this data) designed to meet the information needs of an organization
  • Relation: A table with columns and rows
  • Attribute: A named column of a relation
  • Tuple: A row in a relation

Definitions from Database Systems

by Connolly, Begg, and Strachan

slide6
SQL
  • Data Definition Language (DDL)
    • Create tables
    • Modify tables
    • Delete (drop) tables
  • Data Manipulation Language (DML)
    • Insert data
    • Update data
    • Select data
select statement
Select Statement

We will use this data for our examples

from the broker table select the contents of the last name attribute
From the broker table, select the contents of the last name attribute

Query

SELECT lname

FROM broker;

Results

SQL is not case sensitive. Key SQL words are capitalized

and line breaks are inserted by convention.

from the broker table select all attributes
From the broker table, select all attributes

Query

SELECT *

FROM broker;

Results

* Acts as a wildcard

from the broker table select all attributes where the last name is smith
From the broker table, select all attributes where the last name is Smith

Query

SELECT *

FROM broker

WHERE lname = ‘Smith’;

Results

  • Note that the string is enclosed by single quotes
  • The contents of a string are case sensitive
use and or or to connect multiple where clauses
Use AND or OR to connect multiple where clauses

Query

SELECT *

FROM broker

WHERE lname = ‘Smith’

AND fname = ‘John’;

Results

example with two tables
Example with two Tables
  • One-to-many relationship
  • Each broker may have many customers
  • Each customer is only affiliated with one broker
  • The b_id joins both tables by identifying the unique broker that each customer is associated with
cartesian product
Cartesian Product

When you do a query on multiple tables, SQL begins by creating the Cartesian product, which combines each tuple from one relation from every tuple of the other relation.

(Actual SQL implementations

are free to compute the resulting table efficiently,i.e., the actual Cartesian product may not

be generated at all.)

slide14

Query

SELECT *

FROM customer, broker

WHERE broker.b_id = 1;

Results

SQL does not realize that the b_id in the customer table is the same as the b_id in the broker table unless you join them in the where clause.

slide15

Cartesian Product

Query

SELECT *

FROM customer, broker

WHERE broker.b_id = 1

AND broker.b_id = customer.b_id;

Results

slide16
ODBC

ODBC is a programming interface that enables applications to access data in database systems that use Structured Query Language (SQL) as a data standard.

creating an odbc connection
Creating an ODBC Connection
  • Click on the Start button.
  • Choose Settings, Control Panel
  • Double-click on ODBC Data Sources
  • Choose the System DSN tab
  • Click Add
slide18

Click on the desired driver (MSAccess)

  • Click on the Finish button
slide19

Enter a Data Source Name

  • Click on the Select button
  • Locate the desired file or directory
  • Click OK
java s jdbc
Java’s JDBC
  • Allows access to any ANSI SQL-2 DBMS
  • Does its work in terms of SQL
  • The JDBC has classes that represent:
  • database connections
  • SQL Statements
  • Result sets
  • database metadata
  • Can be connected to ODBC
sql query as a java string
SQL Query as a Java String

From both tables select the last names of all customers whose broker’s last name is Smith but whose broker ID is not 1.

The SQL

SELECT customer.lname

FROM customer, broker

WHERE broker.lname = ‘Smith’

AND broker.b_id <> 1

AND broker.b_id = customer.b_id;

slide22

Executing a query in Java

// Statement aStatement = statement got from connection

String last = “Smith”;

int nonID = 1;

String q = “SELECT customer.lname FROM customer, broker” +

“WHERE broker.lname = \’” + last + “\’ AND broker.b_id” +

“<>” + nonID + “AND broker.b_id = customer.b_id;”);

ResultSet rs = aStatement.executeQuery(q);

  • The slash (\) is the escape character. It precedes the single quote to tell Java to include that quote in the String
  • The String last is outside of the double quotes, because it must be concatonated with the String sent to the database, but it falls within the single quotes so that SQL treats it as a string
  • nonID does not go within single quotes since it is numeric
  • Since the String is an SQL statement, it uses = and <> rather than == and !=
jdbc and rmi
JDBC and RMI
  • Create an ODBC data source that will allow
  • us to connect to an Access database (see above)
  • Create a server class that registers an object with
  • the rmi registry.
  • The remote object must have an interface on the
  • client and the server (needed to create the stub for
  • marshalling)
  • The client accesses the remote object and calls its methods.
  • The remote methods access the database with SQL statements.
slide24

// On the server side DBServer.java

import java.rmi.Naming;

public class DBServer {

public DBServer() {

try {

StockDB rc = new StockDBImpl();

Naming.rebind("stocks", rc);

} catch(Exception e) {

System.out.println("Trouble: " + e);

}

}

public static void main(String args[]) {

new DBServer();

System.out.println("Server Active");

}

}

Remote object

Register

With rmi registry

slide25

Provide an interface for the client and the server

// On the client and the server StockDB.java

//This is the interface to the remote object SockDBImpl

import java.sql.*;

public interface StockDB extends java.rmi.Remote {

public String getCustomers() throws java.rmi.RemoteException;

public String getStocks() throws java.rmi.RemoteException;

public String getPortfolio() throws java.rmi.RemoteException;

}

the remote object connects to jdbc
The remote object connects to JDBC

// DBImpl2.java

// The remote object

import java.util.*;

import java.sql.*;

import java.io.*;

public class StockDBImpl2 extends

java.rmi.server.UnicastRemoteObject

implements StockDB {

private Connection con;

private Statement s;

slide27

//The constructor runs the inherited constructor

public StockDBImpl2() throws java.rmi.RemoteException {

super();

}

// This private method is called to connect to the database.

private void connectToDB() throws SQLException {

DriverManager.registerDriver(new sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver());

con = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:odbc:stocks");

}

// This private method is called to disconnect from the database.

private void disconnectFromDB() throws SQLException{

con.close();

}

slide28

private String getXML(ResultSet rs, ResultSetMetaData rsm)

throws SQLException {

// Currently, this method only returns a non-xml String

// representing the rows of the result set

String answer;

answer = "";

while(rs.next()) {

for(int col = 1; col <= rsm.getColumnCount(); col++) {

answer += rs.getString(col);

}

}

return answer;

}

slide29

public String getCustomers()

throws java.rmi.RemoteException {

try {

connectToDB();

Statement s = con.createStatement();

ResultSet rs;

ResultSetMetaData rsm;

rs = s.executeQuery("select * from customer");

rsm = rs.getMetaData();

String answer = getXML(rs,rsm);

rs.close();

s.close();

disconnectFromDB();

return answer;

}

catch(SQLException sq) {

System.out.println("SQLException: "+sq);

}

return null;

}

slide30

public String getStocks()

throws java.rmi.RemoteException {

return null;

}

public String getPortfolio()

throws java.rmi.RemoteException {

return null;

}

}

the client makes requests on the remote object
The client makes requests on the remote object

// StockDBClient.java

import java.io.*;

import java.rmi.*;

import java.net.*;

import java.sql.*;

public class StockDBClient {

slide32

public static StockDB stockDataBase;

public static void main(String[] args) {

try {

stockDataBase =

(StockDB)Naming.lookup(

"rmi://mccarthy.heinz.cmu.edu/stocks");

String xml = stockDataBase.getCustomers();

System.out.println(xml);

xml = stockDataBase.getPortfolio();

System.out.println(xml);

xml = stockDataBase.getStocks();

System.out.println(xml);

}

slide33

catch (MalformedURLException murle) {

System.out.println();

System.out.println("MalformedURLException");

System.out.println(murle);

}

catch (RemoteException re) {

System.out.println();

System.out.println("RemoteException");

System.out.println(re);

}

catch (NotBoundException nbe) {

System.out.println();

System.out.println("NotBoundException");

System.out.println(nbe);

}

slide34

catch (java.lang.ArithmeticException ae) {

System.out.println();

System.out.println("ArithmeticException");

System.out.println(ae);

}

catch(IOException e) {

System.out.println();

System.out.println("IOException");

System.out.println(e);

}

}

}

example database schema
Example Database Schema

There are three tables. Both customer and stocks have a one-to-many relationship with portfolios

customer
Customer

----------------------------------------------------------------

| id | lname | fname |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 1 | Jones | Robert |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 2 | Smith | Elaine |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 3 | Chan | Jane |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 4 | Morales | Hector |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 5 | Schwartz | Michael |

----------------------------------------------------------------

stocks
Stocks

----------------------------------------------------------

| symbol | company | price |

---------------------------------------------------------

| COMS | 3Com Corporation | 12.9375 |

---------------------------------------------------------------------

| IBM | International Business Machines | 96.625 |

---------------------------------------------------------------------

| INTC | Intel Corporation | 34.125 |

---------------------------------------------------------------------

| ORCL | Oracle Corporation | 26.4375 |

---------------------------------------------------------------------

| SE | 7Eleven Inc. | 8.0625 |

---------------------------------------------------------------------

portfolio
Portfolio

----------------------------------------------------------------

| id | symbol | num_shares |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 1 | COMS | 1250 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 1 | INTC | 300 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 1 | ORCL | 450 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 2 | COMS | 750 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 2 | IBM | 900 |

slide39

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

| 2 | INTC | 600 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 3 | COMS | 3232 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 3 | IBM | 1000 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 3 | SE | 200 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 4 | COMS | 333 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 4 | IBM | 250 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 4 | INTC | 400 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 5 | COMS | 750 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 5 | IBM | 250 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 5 | ORCL | 1000 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

| 5 | SE | 900 |

----------------------------------------------------------------

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