Aortic imaging with cmr
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 21

Aortic imaging with CMR PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 67 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Aortic imaging with CMR. Dr. Saul Myerson Clinical Lecturer in Cardiovascular Medicine For www.scmr.org 02/2007 This presentation posted for members of scmr as an educational guide – it represents the views and practices of the author, and not necessarily those of SCMR.

Download Presentation

Aortic imaging with CMR

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Aortic imaging with cmr

Aortic imaging with CMR

Dr. Saul Myerson

Clinical Lecturer in Cardiovascular Medicine

For www.scmr.org 02/2007

This presentation posted for members of scmr as an educational guide – it represents the views and practices of the author, and not necessarily those of SCMR.

University of Oxford Centre for Clinical Magnetic Resonance Research

(OCMR)


Overview

Overview

  • Background

  • Basic imaging techniques

  • Specific application to common disease states


Background

Background

  • Many advantages that CMR brings :

    • Free choice of imaging planes

    • Range of imaging techniques – anatomical, cine, angiography, flow

    • 3D imaging with angiography

  • CMR is the gold standard for aortic imaging

  • Other techniques (TEE, CT) do have strengths, esp. in the acute setting


  • Basic approaches

    Basic approaches

    • Start with standard imaging stack in 3 planes:

      • Transverse

      • Coronal

      • Oblique sagittal, parallel to asc & desc aorta

  • Aim for reasonable long-axis view of aortic arch/descending aorta (the ‘candy-stick’ view)

    • Gives good representation of anatomy

    • May need other views for measuring diameter/flow

  • Use transverse/other images piloted from long axis view for better visualisation/measurement

  • Should usually include the aortic root & valve too

  • Hints:

    • Make good use of Cine imaging

    • Be creative in your choice of image plane

    • You don’t always need to image the entire aorta in one plane


  • Oblique sagittal slices

    Oblique sagittal slices

    Can sometimes achieve good long-axis view of aorta if lucky – otherwise may need to adjust above views using coronal views to guide, or utilise 3-point-planning


    Cine images in aortic long axis

    Cine images in aortic long axis

    • May need 3- point planning to achieve

    • Good identification of aortic wall and motion

    • Excellent representation of course of the aorta without mental re-construction

    • Not good for diameter measurement however, but is good for planning trans-aorta image slices


    Oblique coronal image

    Oblique coronal image

    Sometimes useful for depicting anatomy:

    *

    *

    Dilated & tortuous descending aorta with intra-mural haematoma (*)


    Lv outflow tract

    LV outflow tract

    Need to assess:general anatomy, dilation, shape

    diameters (sinus, asc aorta, arch ± aortic annulus)

    - use transverse views from this one

    aortic valve function


    Aortic imaging with cmr

    Specific applications

    • Dilated aorta

    • Dissection

    • Coarctation

    • Cervical arch


    Dilated aorta

    Dilated aorta

    • Important to take full advantage of CMR and use trans-aortic planes for true diameters

    • Several points are required (sinuses, asc Ao, mid arch, mid-desc Ao…)

    • For dilated Ao roots, it is important to document any AR


    Dilated aorta 3 angiography

    Dilated aorta (3) - angiography

    • MR angiography can be especially useful for complex dilated aortas, and the exact anatomy can be visualised.

    • Surface-rendered angiograms are good, but can miss smaller vessels and stenoses can be overestimated.

    Dilated aortic arch with small calibre entry and exit vessel. Note left subclavian arises from dilated section, and requires re-implantation at surgery


    Dissection 1

    Dissection (1)

    • Cine imaging often v. helpful

      • Motion of dissection flap

      • High signal from surrounding flowing blood

      • Low signal from flap ± adjacent slow flow (in false lumen)

  • Needs to be perpendicular to the plane of dissection for good visualisation of the flap


  • Dissection 2 example

    Dissection (2) - example

    Type B aortic dissection in long-axis plane


    Dissection 3

    Dissection (3)

    Shows correct piloting of long-axis plane from transverse image – perpendicular to dissection flap

    • Coronal LVOT view of repaired ascending aortic dissection (with short inter-positional graft) – some turbulence seen but dissection flap not seen

    • Angulated slightly further to reveal suspicious turbulence but still not clear

    • Further imaging in correct plane reveals clear dissection flap above the inter-positional graft


    Dissection 4 importance of correct imaging plane

    Dissection (4)– importance of correct imaging plane

    • Coronal LVOT view of repaired ascending aortic dissection (with short inter-positional graft - arrowed). Some turbulence seen but dissection flap not seen

    • Angulated slightly further to reveal suspicious turbulence but still not clear

    • Further imaging in correct plane reveals clear dissection flap (arrowed) above the inter-positional graft

    a

    c

    b


    Dissection 5

    True lumen

    False lumen

    Pleural effusion

    Dissection (5)

    • The dissection flap usually spirals from the root around the lesser curve of the arch

    • The true lumen is often smaller and commonly medial

    • The dissection may extend into branch vessels


    Coarctation 1

    Coarctation (1)

    • Aim for a longitudinal plane through the coarctation site

    • Ideally obtain in-plane flow in this plane - can be tricky to obtain, and in severe or complete coarctation, impossible


    Coarctation 2 angiography

    Coarctation (2) – angiography

    • Very severe or complete coarctation is aided by MR angiography.

    • Collateral vessels can also be seen well. Note the aneurysm in the collateral vessel (close to the aorta) in this patient

    • Be careful not to overestimate the tightness of the coarctation by poor threshold setting


    Coarctation 3 tips

    Coarctation (3) - tips

    • Beware metal clip artefacts post-repair – can cause image drop-out and appear as more severe/recurrent coarctation

    • Do image the aortic valve ± flow - the aortopathy persists even after coarctation repair and 50% of coarctations have a bicuspid valve and

    Metal artefact from clips suggesting tight re-coarctation. Catheter data showed no significant stenosis


    Cervical aortic arch

    Cervical aortic arch

    High-coursing aortic arch (behind clavicle). Can be narrowed, or (as in this case) of normal calibre. May be due to persistence of 3rd branchial arch in fetal development, or failure of 4th branchial arch to migrate downwards


    Conclusions

    Conclusions

    • Aortic imaging is straightforward if you think about what you’re trying to visualise

    • Make good use of cine, flow and contrast angiography

    • Don’t forget about the aortic valve


  • Login