4. Developing the Results Chain
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4. Developing the Results Chain. Rwanda, 2011. Presentation Overview. From the Vision to the Results Chain What a Results Chain is Types of Results Concept of Cause and Effect Relationship Examples of Results Chains Accountability: Control over results.

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Rwanda 2011

4. Developing the Results Chain

Rwanda, 2011

Results Based Management Module


Rwanda 2011

Presentation Overview

  • From the Vision to the Results Chain

  • What a Results Chain is

  • Types of Results

  • Concept of Cause and Effect Relationship

  • Examples of Results Chains

  • Accountability: Control over results


From the vision to the results chain

From the vision to the results chain


Strategic intent at impact level

Strategic Intent at Impact Level


Strategic intent at outcome level

Strategic Intent at Outcome Level


Results chain definition

Results Chain Definition

An “organogram” leading to a result and showing ascending causal relationships between:

  • Short term operational results (Input Activities  Outputs);

  • Medium term institutional and behavioral results (outcomes); and

  • Long term expected changes on people and society’s conditions (impact)


Two levels of results

Two Levels of Results

Impact

Development Results

(All actors)

Outcomes

Outputs

Operational Achievements

(your organization)

Activities

Input


Result levels

Result levels

Impact/

Strategic

Intent

Reduced Child Mortality

Positive and negativelong-term effects on identifiable population groups produced by a development intervention, directly or indirectly, intended or unintended.

The intended or achieved short-term and medium-term effects of an intervention’s outputs, usually requiring the collective effort of partners. Outcomes represent changes in development conditions which occur between the completion of outputs and the achievement of impact.

Immunization Coverage for traditional and new vaccines increased and sustained over 90%

Outcome

Products & services resulting from completion of activities of development interventions. (UNDG) – Operational bottlenecks

Immunization Services expanded geographically and integrating new vaccines to prevent pneumonia and diarrhea

Output


Types of results logical hierarchy

Types of Results: logical hierarchy

Impact/

Strategic

Intent

Changes in the lives of people:

realisation of their rights

GBV

Anti GBV movements

Behavioural change: new attitudes, practices

Institutional Change: values, laws – associated with institutional performance, new institutions

Outcomes

Judicial & media responses to GBV

Outputs

Operational Change:

products and services, knowledge, skills (direct result of completion of activities)

Policy; GBV One Stop Center


Cause and effect relationship the if then logic

Strategic Result – impact level

if

Programme Result – outcome level

then

if

Result – intermediate outcome

then

Result –output level

if

Cause and effect relationship:The If-then logic

then


Cause effect relationship

Result

Result

Result

Result

Result

Result

Result

Result

Result

Result

Cause-effect Relationship

The different results are organized by result level into a results chain or results framework, where a logical causal link is established.

Impact Level

Outcome Level

Output Level

12


Rwanda 2011

Results Chain in the context of Poverty Reduction

RHs’ Status

Institutional/

Development, products

Less

Results

Like…

Focus

@

Timeframe

Impact

Proportion of people living on <$2 a day halved

> 5 yrs

then

Outcome

Employment and income generation increased

Institutional/ Behavioural

5 yrs

Partners’

Accountability and control

then

if

Regulatory environ. proposed to drive small enterprise development

Outcome

5 yrs

if

then

Output

Pro-poor economic policies endorsed and implemented

<5 yrs

More

if

then

  • Economic assessment

  • National consultation

  • Training of artisans

Activity

<1 yr

if


Rwanda 2011

Results Chain - Reducing HIV Incidence

Results

Like…

Focus

@

Timeframe

Impact

HIV prevalence reduced by 60%

Human!

> 5 yrs

then

if

Outcome

Response brought to scale

Institutional/ Behavioural

5 yrs

then

if

Outcome

Leadership empowered

Institutional/ Behavioural

5 yrs

then

Output

Skills of NAC strengthened

Operational/ skills, abilities, products & services

<5 yrs

if

then

Activity

Train 250 district AIDS officers

<1 yr

if

Less

Individual

Accountability

More


Formulation of r esults statements

Formulation of Results statements

  • Results formulated in Key Words: Subject of Change (S); Dimension of Change (D) and Qualifiers of Change (Q)

  • Results statement should be clear and precise (avoid unnecessary words)

    S: What needs to be change e.g. Education.

    D: Which aspect of S will change; e.g. Enrolment; Retention; Achievement

    Q: Adjectives describing the direction/characteristics of change: Increased; sustained, inclusive, gender-sensitive, equitable …

15


Accountability control over results

Accountability: Control over results

As we move to higher level results, the control we have over them decreases

  • Reasons:

  • Presence of other actors

  • More assumptions involved

  • More external factors affecting final result


Thank you

Thank you


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